Ii, Finland

Ii (Finnish pronunciation: [iː]; Swedish: Ijo) is a municipality of Finland. It is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Iijoki, and it is part of the Northern Ostrobothnia region. The municipality has a population of 9,889 (31 January 2019)[2] and covers an area of 2,872.44 km2 (1,109.06 sq mi) of which 1,256.69 km2 (485.21 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 6.37/km2 (16.5/sq mi).


Iin kunta
Ijo kommun
Roadsign marking the entrance to Ii. The name is printed uppercase here.

Coat of arms
Location of Ii in Finland
Coordinates: 65°19′N 025°22′E
Country Finland
RegionNorthern Ostrobothnia
Sub-regionOulu Arc sub-region
  Municipal managerAri Alatossava
  Total2,872.44 km2 (1,109.06 sq mi)
  Land1,552.54 km2 (599.44 sq mi)
  Water1,256.69 km2 (485.21 sq mi)
Area rank42nd largest in Finland
  Rank107th largest in Finland
  Density6.37/km2 (16.5/sq mi)
Population by native language
  Finnish99.5% (official)
Population by age
  0 to 1423.1%
  15 to 6461.1%
  65 or older15.8%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20.5%

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Ii merged with Kuivaniemi on 1 January 2007. The formed municipality is called Ii but it adopted the coat of arms of Kuivaniemi. Ii is notable for having the shortest place name in Finland, and also one of the shortest ones in the world. The etymology is not definitively established; options are either Germanic origin or Sami origin. In the latter, it would mean "a place to stay overnight in"; cf. Northern Sami idja "night".[6]

Beginning in 2008, Ii is home to the ART Ii Biennale of Northern Environmental and Sculpture Art, an international art fair.

The city has ambition to become the first zero-waste town in the world, and its mayor claims that it does not use fossil fuels for energy.[7]



  1. "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. Hyyryläinen, Toivo: Kahden kirjaimen pitäjä, Iin perinnekirja. Saarijärven Offset, 2006.
  7. "New generation of climate heroes". BBC News. Retrieved 22 June 2019.

Media related to Ii at Wikimedia Commons

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