I clowns

I clowns (also known as The Clowns) is a 1970 film by Federico Fellini about the human fascination with clowns and circuses.[1]

I clowns
Directed byFederico Fellini
Produced byElio Scardamaglia
Written byStory and Screenplay:
Federico Fellini
Bernardino Zapponi
StarringFederico Fellini
Music byNino Rota
Edited byRuggero Mastroianni
Release date
December 25, 1970
Running time
92 minutes
LanguageItalian

Production

The film was made for the Italian TV station RAI with an agreement that it would be released simultaneously as a cinema feature.[2] RAI and co-producer Leone Film compromised on its release, with RAI broadcasting it on Christmas Day, 1970, and Leone Film releasing it theatrically in Italy the following day, December 26, 1970.[3]

It is a docufiction: part reality, part fantasy. The film has sometimes been referred to as the first mockumentary in film history, although 1964's A Hard Day's Night may have a superior claim to that distinction.[4] Being documentary and fiction in one, The Clowns distinguishes itself by being a mockumentary with unique characteristics, not the least of which is reflecting Fellini's own increasing fascination with how documentary films reflect "reality". Fellini would further explore this semi-fictional documentary genre in 1972's Fellini's Roma and 1987's Intervista, both of which contain unreliable depictions of Fellini himself making the film within the film narrative.

Cast

Main

  • Riccardo Billi as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Billi)
  • Federico Fellini as Himself
  • Gigi Reder as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Reder)
  • Tino Scotti as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Scotti)
  • Valentini as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Fanfulla as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Merli as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Carlo Rizzo as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Rizzo)
  • Colombaioni as Themselves – Italian Clowns (credited as I 4 Colombaioni)
  • Pistoni as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Martana as Themselves – Italian Clowns (credited as I Martana)
  • Giacomo Furia as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Furia)
  • Alvaro Vitali as Himself (The Troupe)
  • Dante Maggio as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Maggio)
  • Galliano Sbarra as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Sbarra)
  • Peppino Janigro as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Janigro)
  • Carini as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Maunsell as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Nino Terzo as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Terzo)
  • Osiride Pevarello as Clown (Credited as Peverello)
  • Nino Vingelli as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Vingelli)
  • Alberto Sorrentino as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Sorrentino)
  • Fumagalli as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Valdemaro as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Luigi Zerbinati as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Zerbinati)
  • Ettore Bevilacqua as Himself – Italian Clown (credited as Bevilacqua)
  • Maya Morin as Maya (La troupe)
  • Anna Lina Alberti as Herself – Alvaro's mother (La troupe) (credited as Lina Alberti)
  • Gasparin as Gasparino (La troupe)
  • Alex asHimself – French Clown
  • Georges Loriot as Himself – French Clown (credited as Père Loriot)
  • Maïs as Himself – French Clown
  • Bario as Himself – French Clown
  • Ludo as Himself – French Clown
  • Nino as Himself – French Clown
  • Charlie Rivel as Himself
  • Pierre Étaix as Himself
  • Annie Fratellini as Herself
  • Victor Fratellini as Himself
  • Jean-Baptiste Thiérrée as Himself (credited as Baptiste)
  • Tristan Remy as Himself
  • Liana Orfei as Herself
  • Rinaldo Orfei as Himself
  • Nando Orfei as Himself
  • Franco Migliorini as Himself – Animal Tamer
  • Anita Ekberg as Herself

Cameo/Uncredited

  • Maria Grazia Buccella as Herself
  • Aristide Caporale as Railwayman
  • Victoria Chaplin as Herself
  • Liliana Chiari as Herself
  • Dante Cleri as Fascist
  • Shirley Corrigan as Audience member
  • Feverello as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Gustavo Fratellini as Himself – Italian Clown
  • Adelina Poerio as Dwarf nun

References

  1. I Clowns review by Philip French at The Guardian, October 26, 2014
  2. Baxter, J.: Fellini, page 260. St. Martins Press, 1993.
  3. Baxter, J.: Fellini, page 270. St. Martins Press, 1993.
  4. I clowns: Fellini's Mockumentary - article at The Artifice
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