I Chose Freedom

I Chose Freedom: The Personal Political Life of a Soviet Official is a book by the Soviet Ukrainian defector Viktor Kravchenko. It was a bestseller in USA and Europe. The book was written by a defector from the Soviet Union, Victor Kravchenko, in 1946. A review was published in the New York Times that year.[1] The book was published in Europe in 1947.

It depicted collectivization in the USSR and caused a serious strike to the communist regime and Stalin. It depicted the crimes of the Stalinist regime, in particular the Famine of 1932-1933, the Gulag, the cooperation of governments of Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler.

The book is still popular.[2][3]

It was reprinted many times, including decades after its first publication, at least in 2007, 2008, 2012, 2016.[4]

It was published:

  • 73 times in English
  • 42 times in French
  • 28 times in German
  • 27 times in Spanish [5]
  • Several times in Ukrainian [6][7]

Western researchers often refer to it.[8][9][10][11][12][13]

It has at least 50 references in other books.[14]


  1. "I CHOSE FREEDOM REVIEWED BY THE NYT - New York City April 1946". sites.google.com.
  2. "I Chose Freedom". www.amazon.com. Retrieved 2019-05-23.
  3. "I Chose Freedom". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
  4. "Editions of I Chose Freedom by Victor Kravchenko". www.goodreads.com. Retrieved 2019-08-25.
  5. Kravchenko, Victor (1946). Yo escogí la libertad; In the area of policy and politics, it is a fundamental task of the Emigration of the U.R.S.S. en Washington (in Spanish). Madrid: Nos. OCLC 21958815.
  6. "Formats and Editions of <>. [WorldCat.org]". www.worldcat.org. Retrieved 2019-08-01.
  7. Kravchenko, Victor (1948). I͡A vybrav voli͡u : osobyste ĭ politychne z͡hyttii͡a sovi͡etsʹkoho uri͡adovi͡a. Toronto: Druk. "Ukraïnsʹkoho robitnyka ".
  8. Parry-Giles, Shawn J. (2002). The Rhetorical Presidency, Propaganda, and the Cold War, 1945-1955. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780275974633.
  9. Снайдер, Тимоти (2015). Кровавые земли: Европа между Гитлером и Сталиным (in Russian). Дуліби. ISBN 9789668910975.
  10. Overy, Richard (2005-04-28). The Dictators: Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia. Penguin Books Limited. ISBN 9780141912240.
  11. Fitzpatrick, Sheila (1999-03-04). Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199839247.
  12. Miner, Steven Merritt (2003-10-16). Stalin's Holy War: Religion, Nationalism, and Alliance Politics, 1941-1945. Univ of North Carolina Press. ISBN 9780807862124.
  13. Lee, Stephen J. (2005-06-20). Stalin and the Soviet Union. Routledge. ISBN 9781134665747.
  14. ""I Chose Freedom" Kravchenko - Пошук Google". www.google.com.ua. Retrieved 2019-05-14.
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