ISO 639-1

ISO 639-1:2002, Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 1: Alpha-2 code, is the first part of the ISO 639 series of international standards for language codes. Part 1 covers the registration of two-letter codes. There are 184 two-letter codes registered as of December 2018. The registered codes cover the world's major languages.

Find a language
Enter an ISO 639-1 code to find the corresponding language article

These codes are a useful international and formal shorthand for indicating languages.

Examples of ISO 639-1 codes
CodeISO 639-1 language nameEndonym
EnglishFrenchGerman
enEnglishanglaisEnglischEnglish
esSpanishespagnolSpanischespañol
ptPortugueseportugaisPortugiesischportuguês
zhChinesechinoisChinesisch中文, Zhōngwén

Many multilingual web sites—such as Wikipedia—use these codes to prefix URLs of specific language versions of their web sites: for example, en.Wikipedia.org is the English version of Wikipedia. See also IETF language tag. (Two-letter country-specific top-level-domain code suffixes are often different from these language-tag prefixes).

ISO 639, the original standard for language codes, was approved in 1967. It was split into parts, and in 2002 ISO 639-1 became the new revision of the original standard. The last code added was ht, representing Haitian Creole on 2003-02-26. The use of the standard was encouraged by IETF language tags, introduced in RFC 1766 in March 1995, and continued by RFC 3066 from January 2001 and RFC 4646 from September 2006. The current version is RFC 5646 from September 2009. Infoterm (International Information Center for Terminology) is the registration authority for ISO 639-1 codes.

New ISO 639-1 codes are not added if an ISO 639-2 code exists, so systems that use ISO 639-1 and 639-2 codes, with 639-1 codes preferred, do not have to change existing codes.[1]

If an ISO 639-2 code that covers a group of languages is used, it might be overridden for some specific languages by a new ISO 639-1 code.

ISO 639-1 codes added after RFC publication in January 2001
ISO 639-1ISO 639-2NameDate addedPreviously covered by
ioidoIdo2002-01-15[2]art
wawlnWalloon2002-01-29[3]roa
lilimLimburgish2002-08-02[4]gem
iiiiiSichuan Yi2002-10-14[5]sit
anargAragonese2002-12-23[6]roa
hthatHaitian Creole2003-02-26[7]cpf

There is no specification on treatment of macrolanguages (see ISO 639-3).

See also

References

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.