ISO/IEC 14443 Identification cards -- Contactless integrated circuit cards -- Proximity cards is an international standard that defines proximity cards used for identification, and the transmission protocols for communicating with it.
The standard was developed by the Working Group 8 of Subcommittee 17 in ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1.
Cards may be Type A and Type B, both of which communicate via radio at 13.56 MHz (RFID HF). The main differences between these types concern modulation methods, coding schemes (Part 2) and protocol initialization procedures (Part 3). Both Type A and Type B cards use the same transmission protocol (described in Part 4). The transmission protocol specifies data block exchange and related mechanisms:
- data block chaining
- waiting time extension
ISO/IEC 14443 uses following terms for components:
Part 1 of the standard specifies that the card shall be compliant with ISO/IEC 7810 or ISO/IEC 15457-1, or "an object of any other dimension".
- MIFARE cards (partial or full implementation, depending on product)
- Biometric passports
- EMV payment cards (PayPass, Visa payWave, ExpressPay)
- National identity cards in the European Economic Area
- Near Field Communication is based on in part, and is compatible with, ISO/IEC 14443
- Calypso, open security standard for transit fare collection systems
- CIPURSE, open security standard for transit fare collection systems
- ISO/IEC 7816, "with contact" smart card standard
- International Civil Aviation Organization § Standards
- List of ISO standards
- Draft ISO/IEC 14443 standards
- Atmel Corporation (dead link), Requirements of ISO/IEC 14443 Type B Proximity Contactless Identification Cards, Application Note, Rev. 2056B–RFID–11/05
- Calypso Networks Association
- Calypso standard specifications