IFA Shield

The IFA Shield is an annual football competition organized by the Indian Football Association. The Indian Football Association is the association governing football in the state of West Bengal, came into existence in 1893. Named after the Association, the IFA Shield Tournament was started in the same year. It is one of the oldest football tournaments in India and the second oldest Cup in the world. During the initial years after its inception, the IFA Shield was dominated by British army teams. However, their stranglehold over the Shield was broken in 1911, when Mohun Bagan Athletic Club became the first Indian team to win the IFA Shield by defeating East Yorkshire Regiment 2-1. That was a historic moment for Indian football, as the natives beat the Englishmen at their own game. East Bengal F.C. has won the IFA Shield 29 times, while their archrivals - Mohun Bagan has bagged the honour 22 times.

Organising bodyIFA
Founded1893 (1893)
Region India
Number of teamsVaries
Current champions East Bengal U19
Most successful club(s) East Bengal (29 times)
Television broadcastersKolkata TV
Websiteifawb.com
2018 IFA Shield

The IFA Shield is designed as an under-19 youth football tournament since 2015.[1] The decision was taken by IFA due to busy schedule of All India Football Federation which includes Indian Super League, I-League and Federation Cup.

History

Origin of IFA Shield (The Raj Era)

The origin of organized football in India can be traced back to one Nagendra Prasad Sarbadhikari. After learning about rules of the game from English soldiers, Sarbadhikari made efforts to spread the game among the masses. He popularized football in Hare School, one of the premier educational institutions in Calcutta. Later he founded "Boys Club", which was the first attempt to set up a football club in India. In 1893, the Indian Football Association (IFA) was formed. IFA Shield was started in 1893, making it the 4th oldest football competition in history. Curiously, Indians were not allowed to join the association till the 1920s. IFA consisted of high-ranking British army officials, while football tournaments usually included British regiment teams.[2]

In the late 1890s, numerous football clubs came up which were managed by Indians and employed Indian footballers. Mohun Bagan, Mohammedan S.C. or Aryan Club were still in their nascent stages and rarely challenged the regimental teams. First significant success for an Indian team came in 1892 when Sovabazar Club captured Trades Cup. Nineteen years later, eleven Bengali players donning the Green and Maroon jersey would go on to create history.

Mohun Bagan's 2-1 win over East Yorkshire Regiment in 1911 IFA Shield final was undoubtedly the biggest pivotal moment in Indian football.[2] It established football as the most popular game in Bengal – this was a game where Indians could compete with their British overlords and trump them. 80,000 people wildly cheered Mohun Bagan during the final match. Iconic Bagan captain, Shibdas Bhaduri, played a crucial role scoring a goal and assisting Abhilas Ghosh's winner.

Mohun Bagan might have created history by winning the IFA Shield in 1911 but further success eluded them. Instead, it was the black and white clad Mohammedan S.C. which would go on to become the first Indian club to sustain a successful run. Mohammedan S.C.'s legendary team of late 1930s was invincible and went on to create records which lasted for decades. The club won its first IFA Shield in 1936 and in 1942, became the first Indian club to defend the Shield successfully. In 1940, Aryan Club became the third Indian club to win IFA Shield, while East Bengal captured its first Shield title in 1943. 1945 saw the first Kolkata Derby in a Shield Final – East Bengal defeated Mohun Bagan 1-0. Mohun Bagan responded two years later, defeating East Bengal 1-0 in the first Shield final after Indian independence.[2]

Post-Independence

British teams stopped participating after 1947 as IFA Shield became one of the most important tournaments in Indian football calendar. Among British teams, Royal Irish Rifles was the most successful side – winning the title 5 times. In the 1960s and 1970s, IFA Shield, Durand Cup and Rovers Cup were considered as the three 'blue ribbon' tournaments in Indian football.[2] In 1953, Indian Cultural League, a Mumbai-based club ran by Bollywood football enthusiasts became the first non-Bengal team to win Shield. They did not win the title on the field however, as East Bengal was punished for playing an unregistered player in the final. The 1960s were very successful for Mohun Bagan, as they captured Shield 5 times in that decade (twice as joint winners with East Bengal). Bengal Nagpur Railways (BNR) triumphed in a memorable Shield final in 1963, thus becoming first Indian institutional side to win the Shield.


If the 1960s was dominated by Mohun Bagan, then the next decade belonged to their archrivals. East Bengal started the decade with a 1-0 win over Iran's Pas club, a victory that has gone down into Indian football folklore. From 1972 to 1976, East Bengal won an unprecedented 5 consecutive Shield titles. The zenith of this successful run came in 1975 Shield final when East Bengal toyed with Mohun Bagan to record a mammoth 5-0 derby win. By the late 1970s, Mohun Bagan had turned a corner after an unsuccessful 6-year spell. They captured a hattrick of titles from 1977 to 1979. In 1980s, the two Kolkata giants exchanged titles between each other. With the advent of Federation Cup, IFA Shield's importance was slowly decreasing as the tournament was not held for the first time in 1988.

By mid-1990s, the Shield had lost most of its charm. Not many teams from outside Bengal participated while the Kolkata teams often sent weakened squads. One of the most memorable Shield finals of 1990s came in 1994 when a young Sikkimese striker named Baichung Bhutia struck a golden goal to earn a 2-1 win for East Bengal after a hard fought match with Mohun Bagan. In 1996, JCT became the first team from Northern India to win the IFA Shield.[2]

In the new millennium, Shield is considered more of a hindrance than a prestigious tournament. Bigger clubs, including the ones from Kolkata, have often declined to participate choosing to focus on National Football League. The Kolkata teams have also lost their dominance in the IFA Shield. Since Mohun Bagan's triumph in 2003, none of the teams from Bengal have managed to lift the 3-foot high trophy. Mahindra United has been the most successful club in recent times, having won back-to-back titles in 2006 and 2007.

East Bengal is the most successful club in the IFA Shield. The Red-and-Golds have captured the trophy 27 times, while finishing as runner-up 10 times. Mohun Bagan is in 2nd place with 21 titles and 15 2nd-place finishes. Mahindra United is the most successful non-Bengal team with 120 titles.

Foreign Teams in IFA Shield

Over the years, involvement of foreign teams has been one of the USPs of IFA Shield. East Bengal's win over Pas club was first victory of an Indian club over a foreign club since 1947. Iran was an Asian powerhouse and Pas club was one of the strongest teams in domestic football. Having scored eight goals in 3 matches, Pas was considered a favorite for the title. They started brightly with star player Asghar Sharafi running riot. Spurred on by 60,000-strong crowd, East Bengal slowly came back into the game. Sudhir Karmakar and Nayimuddin played out of their skins to keep out Iranian strikers. A minute before final whistle, substitute Parimal De latched on to a Swapan Sengupta cross before unleashing a fierce shot from outside the penalty box. East Bengal supporters went mad with joy after winning Shield as both De and the title was carried by a wave of supporters from Eden Gardens to club tent.

Three years later, East Bengal displayed another master class performance in front of a foreign team – this time Pyongyang City from North Korea. Subhash Bhowmick, nicknamed "bulldozer" was unstoppable in this match. He scored East Bengal's 2nd goal after dribbling past 4 defenders and finishing from an almost impossible angle. He also assisted Akbar's opener and scored East Bengal's 3rd goal in a memorable 3-1 win.

Mohun Bagan too had their share of good performance against foreign teams when they faced off against Soviet club Ararat Erevan in the 1978 final. Bagan, then the best team in India, had gone unbeaten for almost a year and had scored 82 goals in 27 league matches. The Russians took an early lead but struggled as it began to rain after some minutes. P.K Banerjee made a game changing sub by bringing on Bidesh Bose. Ararat defenders struggled to cope with Bose's pace on the muddy ground. Akbar made it 1-1 from Bose's cross, while Manas Bhattacharya made it 2-1. Mohun Bagan completely dominated the rest of the match but was unable to get past the Russian 'keeper. Ararat came back to score a late equalizer as the match ended 2-2.

Peñarol F.C. is the most renowned football club to have ever played in India. The Uruguayan behemoth has participated in Copa Libertadores a record 38 times, winning the title of South American champion five times. They have also won a record three Intercontinental titles. Peñarol's win in 1985 IFA Shield was sandwiched between two domestic league titles. In the final, they defeated Shakhtar Donetsk – Soviet champions in 1983. In 1993, another all-foreigner final saw Pakhtakor Tashkent, the most successful Uzbek club, defeat Pavlodar F.C., the most successful Kazakh club after a tie-breaker.

Clubs from abroad have enjoyed considerable success in the last decade. In 2004, Finance and Revenue F.C., Myanmar, won the title. Next season it was turn for the Bayern Munich reserve team to capture the Shield. Coached by the legendary Gerd Müllerr, Bayern defeated Eveready (currently known as United S.C.) 5-1 in final despite conceding an early goal. Shenzhen Ruby F.C. from China participated in 2006 but was eliminated by Mahindra United in the semi-final. Mahindra defeated another foreign team to win their 2nd Shield title. This time it was Santos FC from South Africa, who had played some dazzling football including a 4-2 win over Mohun Bagan in the semi-final.

Controversies

There has been more than a few controversial episodes in the IFA Shield, but nothing comes close to the free for all brawls between East Bengal and Palmeiras B team in 2001 final. After 35 minutes of play, Palmeiras players, who had already played a rough match in semi-final, started the fight. The match was canceled as Jo Paul Ancheri suffered a painful injury after being kicked by a Brazilian player.[2][3] The Federation once again proved its inefficiency in failing to submit a report of this match. AFC promptly banned Indian clubs for one year from its competitions.[4]

Results of IFA Shield

Year Winner Score Runner-up Note
2018 East Bengal U19 1-1;4-2 [pen] Mohun Bagan U19
2017 FC Pune City U19 3–0 Mohun Bagan-SAIL Academy
2016 Tata Football Academy 3–2 (a.e.t.) AIFF U19 [5]
2015 United Sports Club U-19 2–1 East Bengal U19
2014 Mohammedan Sporting 1-1;4-3 [pen] Sheikh Jamal Dhanmondi
2013 Prayag United 1-0 East Bengal
2012 East Bengal 4-2 Prayag United
2011 Churchill Brothers 2-1 Mohun Bagan
2010 1
2009 Churchill Brothers 2-0 Mohun Bagan
2008 Mahindra United 3–1 Santos FC
2007 1
2006 Mahindra United 1–0 Mohun Bagan
2005 FC Bayern Munich II 5–1 Eveready
2004 Myanmar F.R F.C 0–0; 1–1; 4–2(pen) Mohun Bagan
2003 Mohun Bagan 0–0; 5–3(pen) East Bengal
2002 East Bengal 0–0; 5–4(pen) Churchill Brothers
2001 East Bengal 0–1 Palmeiras B 3 6
2000 East Bengal 1–1; 4–1(pen) Mohun Bagan
1999 Mohun Bagan 1–0 Tollygunge Agragami
1998 Mohun Bagan 2–1 East Bengal
1997 East Bengal 3–2 FC Kochin
1996 JCT MIlls 1–0 Karkh Club
1995 East Bengal 1–1; 3–1(pen) Dhaka Mohammedan Sporting
1994 East Bengal 2–1 Mohun Bagan
1993 FC Pakhtakor Tashkent 1–1; 5–4(pen) FC Irtysh Pavlodar
1992 1
1991 East Bengal 3–1 Army XI
1990 East Bengal 1–0 Mohammedan Sporting 4
1989 Mohun Bagan 1–0 Tata Football Academy
1988 1
1987 Mohun Bagan 1–0 Punjab Police
1986 East Bengal 0–0; 4–2(pen) Mohun Bagan
1985 Peñarol 1–0 Shakhtar Donetsk
1984 East Bengal 1–0 Mohun Bagan
1983 East Bengal 0–0 Aryan 2
1982 Mohun Bagan 2–1 Mohammedan Sporting
1981 East Bengal 2–2 Mohun Bagan 2
1980 Tournament abandoned
1979 Mohun Bagan 1–0 East Bengal
1978 Mohun Bagan 2–2 FC Ararat Yerevan 2
1977 Mohun Bagan 1–0 East Bengal
1976 East Bengal 0–0 Mohun Bagan 2
1975 East Bengal 5–0 Mohun Bagan
1974 East Bengal 1–0 Mohun Bagan
1973 East Bengal 3–1 Pyongyang City Sports Club
1972 East Bengal 0–0; 0–1 Mohun Bagan 5
1971 Mohammedan Sporting 2–0 Tollygunge Agragami
1970 East Bengal 1–0 PAS Tehran
1969 Mohun Bagan 3–1 East Bengal
1968 Abandoned due to court injunction
1967 East Bengal 0–0 Mohun Bagan 7 2
1966 East Bengal 1–0 Bengal Nagpur Railway
1965 East Bengal 1-0 Mohun Bagan
1964 Mohun Bagan 1–1 East Bengal 7
1963 Bengal Nagpur Railway 1–0 Mohammedan Sporting
1962 Mohun Bagan 3–1 Hyderabad XI
1961 East Bengal 0–0 Mohun Bagan 2
1960 Mohun Bagan 1–0 Indian Navy
1959 Abandoned due to dispute over date of finals
1958 East Bengal 1–1; 1–0 Mohun Bagan
1957 Mohammedan Sporting 1–0 (Not Complete) East Bengal
1956 Mohun Bagan 4–0 Aryan
1955 Rajasthan Club 1–0 Aryans Football Club
1954 Mohun Bagan 1–0 Hyderabad Sporting
1953 Indian Culture League 0–0; 0–0; 1–1 East Bengal
1952 Mohun Bagan 0–0; 2–2 Rajasthan Club 3
1951 East Bengal 0–0; 2–0 Mohun Bagan
1950 East Bengal 3–0 SSCB
1949 East Bengal 2–0 Mohun Bagan
1948 Mohun Bagan 1–1; 2–1 Bhawanipore
1947 Mohun Bagan 1–0 East Bengal
1946 1
1945 East Bengal 1–0 Mohun Bagan
1944 Eastern Bengal Railway 1–0 East Bengal
1943 East Bengal 3–0 Police AC
1942 Mohammedan Sporting 1–0 East Bengal
1941 Mohammedan Sporting 2–0 King's Own Scottish Borderers
1940 Aryans Football Club 4–1 Mohun Bagan
1939 Police AC 2–1 Calcutta Customs
1938 East Yorkshire Regiment 1–1; 1–1; 2–0 Mohammedan Sporting
1937 6th Fire Brigade 4–1 Police AC
1936 Mohammedan Sporting 0–0; 0–0; 2–1 Calcutta FC
1935 East Yorkshire Regiment 1–0 Royal Regiment
1934 KRR 2–1 Durham Light Infantry
1933 Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry 2–1 King's Royal Rifles
1932 2nd Battalion Essex Regiment 2–1 Seaforth Highlanders
1931 Highland Light Infantry 1–1; 2–1 Durham Light Infantry
1930 Seaforth Highlanders 3–0 Royal Regiment
1929 2nd Battalion Royal Ulster Rifles 2–0 Rangoon Customs
1928 Sherwood Foresters 2–0 Dalhousie AC
1927 Sherwood Foresters 2–0 Dalhousie AC
1926 Sherwood Foresters 5–1 Cheshire Regiment
1925 2nd Battalion RS Fuliliers 5–1 Cheshire Regiment
1924 Calcutta FC 5–1 23 brigade REA
1923 Calcutta FC 3–0 Mohun Bagan
1922 Calcutta FC 1–0 Dalhousie AC
1921 3rd Battalion Brecknockshire 3–1 Calcutta FC
1920 Black Watch 2–0 Kumartuli
1919 1st Battalion Brecknockshire 3–1 Calcutta FC
1918 Training Reserve Battalion 1–0 Signal Service Depot
1917 10th Middlesex 2–0 Brecknockshire Regiment
1916 North Staffordshire Regiment 2–1 Calcutta FC
1915 Calcutta FC 0–0; 3–0 Calcutta Customs
1914 King's Own Regiment 1–0 Calcutta FC
1913 Royal Irish Rifles 2–0 91st Highlanders
1912 Royal Irish Rifles 1–0 Black Watch
1911 Mohun Bagan 2–1 East Yorkshire Regiment
1910 Gordon Highlanders 0–0; 3–0 Calcutta FC
1909 Gordon Highlanders 0–0; 3–0 Calcutta Customs
1908 Gordon Highlanders 2–0 Calcutta Customs
1907 Highland Light Infantry 0–0; 1–0 Calcutta FC
1906 Calcutta FC 1–0 Highland Light Infantry
1905 Dalhousie AC 4–3 Calcutta FC
1904 Calcutta FC 1–0 King's Own Royal
1903 Calcutta FC 0–0; 1–1; 2–1 King's Own Scottish Borderers
1902 93 Highlanders 3–0 Dalhousie AC
1901 Royal Irish Rifles 4–0 Black Watch
1900 Calcutta FC 0–0; 6–0 Dalhousie AC
1899 South Lancashire Regiment 2–0 Barrackpore Artillery
1898 Gloucestershire Regiment 1–0 42nd Highlanders
1897 Dalhousie AC 4–0 31st Field Battery
1896 Calcutta FC 3–0 King's Shropshire Light Infantry
1895 Royal Welch Fusiliers 1–0 King's Shropshire Light Infantry
1894 Royal Irish Rifles 2–0 Rifle Brigade
1893 Royal Irish Rifles 1–0 W.D.R.A.

Notes:

1. ^ Tournament not held.
2. ^ Joint winners.
3. ^ Abandoned.
4. ^ Abandoned midway as Mohammedan Sporting refused to continue.
5. ^ Abandoned due to rain during the replay. Mohun Bagan refused to play again and were scratched.
6. ^ Abandoned after 35 minutes as Palmeiras started a brawl on the pitch, match cancelled. Palmeiras have been scratched from the record books.[3]
7. ^ Final Abandoned.

References

[6]

  1. "IFA Shield now U-19 tourney". Telegraph India. 10 January 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  2. "The Glorious History Of IFA Shield". TheHardTackle.com. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  3. "A pity it had to end like this". Sportstaronnet.com. 2 November 2001. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  4. "Decision on AIFF ban on July 15". Rediff.com.com. 10 June 2003. Retrieved 16 February 2016.
  5. "IFA Shield: Tata Football Academy wins the 120th IFA Shield". 7 March 2016. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
  6. Live IFA Shield "IFA Shield Live Score Details", Retrieved on 12 February 2016.
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