IExpress

IExpress, a component of Windows 2000 and later, is used to create self-extracting packages from a set of files. Such packages can be used to install software.

IExpress
Screenshot of IExpress in Windows 10
Operating systemWindows NT
TypeSelf-contained installation packages maker

Overview

IExpress (IEXPRESS.EXE) can be used for distributing self-contained installation packages (INF-based setup executables) to multiple local or remote Windows computers. It creates a self-extracting executable (.EXE) or a compressed Cabinet (.CAB) file using either the provided front end interface (IExpress Wizard), or a custom Self Extraction Directive (SED) file. [1] SED files can be modified with any plain text/ASCII editor, like Notepad. All self-extracting files created by IExpress use CAB compression algorithms, are compressed using the MakeCab (MAKECAB.EXE) tool, [2] and are extracted using the WExtract (WEXTRACT.EXE) tool.

IEXPRESS.EXE is located in the SYSTEM32 folder of both Windows 32 and 64-bit installations. The front end interface (IExpress Wizard) can be started by manually navigating to the respective directory and opening the executable (IExpress.exe), or by typing IExpress into the Run window of the Start Menu. It can also be used from the command line (Windows Command Prompt or batch file) to create custom installation packages, eventually unattended (automated operation):

IEXPRESS /N drive_letter:\directory_name\file_name.SED

IExpress Wizard interface guides the user through the process of creating a self-extracting package. It asks what the package should do: extract files and then run a program, or just extract files. It then allows the user to specify a title for the package, add a confirmation prompt, add a license agreement that the end-user must accept in order to allow extraction, select files to be archived, set display options for the progress window, and finally, specify a message to display upon completion.
If the option to create an archive and run a program is selected, then there will be an additional step, prompting the user to select the program that will be run upon extraction.

Be aware that depending on what operating system (32 or 64 bit), you create a self-extracting archive of that type, and 64 bit won’t run (extract) on 32 bit computers[3].

Security

The self-extracting packages created with IExpress have (inherent) vulnerabilities which allow arbitrary code execution because of the way they handle their installation command and their command line processing.[4][5] Additionally, because of the way Windows User Account Control handles installers, these vulnerabilities allow a privilege escalation.[6][7]

See also

References

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