|IDF Achzarit Mk 2|
Achzarit armed with an OWS station
|Type||Infantry Assault Carrier|
|Place of origin||Israel|
|Wars||South Lebanon conflict (1982–2000) |
2006 Lebanon War
|Designer||Israeli Defence Forces Corps of Ordnance|
|Height||>2 m (estimate)|
|Crew||3 + 7 passengers|
|Rafael OWS fitted with a 7.62 mm FN MAG|
|2×7.62 mm FN MAG|
|Engine||Achzarit 1 : Detroit Diesel 8V-71 TTA|
Achzarit 2 : 8V-92TA/DDC III
Achzarit 1 : 650 hp (478 kW)
Achzarit 2 : 850 hp (625 kW)
|Power/weight||14 hp/tonne 19.3 hp/tonne|
|Transmission||Achzarit 1 : Allison XTG-411-4|
Achzarit 2 : XTG-411-5A
|Suspension||Kinetics modified torsion-bar|
The Achzarit is based on the Soviet-built T-54/T-55 tank, beginning with those captured from Arab armies during the Arab–Israeli wars. The IDF took the old design, removed its turret, and modified the chassis for carrying soldiers by adding a troop compartment and rear door. The engine was made more compact and powerful, and other internal systems were upgraded. Reactive armor was installed over the original armored tank chassis. The APC was created in 1988.
The Achzarit is one of the best protected infantry carrier in service and can withstand both shaped-charges and armor-piercing projectiles which would destroy conventionnal IFVs. The manufacturers claim that the machine can withstand repeated 125 mm APFSDS hits over its frontal arc. At 44 tonnes, the machine is exceptionally heavy for an infantry carrier. The fact that 14 tonnes of the vehicle's weight is made up of additional advanced special composite armor, gives some indication as to its high degree of protection.
It is armed with three 7.62 mm machine guns, including one Rafael Overhead Weapons Station, a machine gun controlled from within the cabin, developed by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. As a lesson from the Second Intifada, a bulletproof glass turret was installed over one of the hatches to enable the commander to see outside without being exposed to small arms fire and shrapnel.
Because of its heavy armor, the Achzarit is sometimes called a Heavy APC (HAPC). Achzarit APCs are in service with the IDF Givati Brigade.
- VIU-55 Munja, similar example from Serbia
- BTR-T, similar example from Russia
- BMPT Terminator, a Russian tank-derived AFV designed to fight infantry rather than transport it
- BMPV-64 ru:БМПВ-64/uk:БМПВ-64: A Ukrainian heavy infantry combat vehicle based on the T-64 chassis
- Kangaroo (armoured personnel carrier), a series of Allied World War 2 armoured personnel carriers that were based on converted tanks.
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