IBM System/370 Model 168
|Manufacturer||International Business Machines Corporation (IBM)|
|Release date||August 2, 1972|
|Discontinued||September 15, 1980|
|Memory||up to eight megabytes of integrated monolithic processor storage|
|Website||Official website IBM Archives|
Prior 370 systems had not "offered virtual storage capability, which was to be a hallmark of the 370 line," and some said that the 168 and 158 were the first "real 370" products.
The 158 and 168 were withdrawn Sep 15, 1980.
Newer technology than that of the 370/165, which had been introduced 2 years prior, used "monolithic, instead of magnetic core" memory, resulting in a system which was faster and physically smaller than a Model 165.:pp.3–5
- included a light pen
- replaced "most switch, pushbutton, and indicator functions":p.32
- as with the 165's Model 1, had a microfiche document viewer, a feature introduced for the 360/85's console.
A console printer (up to 85 characters per second) to provide hard copy was optional when the console was in display mode, and required when it was in printer-keyboard mode.
The newly introduced Model 11 of IBM's 3330 family of disk drives, featuring removable disk packs, has double the capacity of the prior 100-megabyte offerings. It can't be attached to a 370/165.:p.94
Both the 370/168 and the 370/158 had MP (multiprocessing) models that offered "tightly coupled multiprocessing.
The 168 was described as having "two types of multiprocessing support" since it also offered attaching a second processing unit, an IBM 3062 Attached Processing Unit, which lacked access to Input/Output channels.
Extended precision floating-point
The optional IBM 7070/7074 Compatibility Feature allowed the 165 to "run 7070 and 7074 programs at speeds that, in general, equal or exceed those of the original systems" and yet "not affect normal operation of System/370.":p.139:p.5
Other listed options are:
- 7080 Compatibility
- 709/7090/7094 II Compatibility
There is a limitation, however, described as:
"Note: Compatibility features are mutually exclusive."
168-1 & 168-3
- Although only the 158 announcement mentioned the light pen, the 168's manual says "light pen is standard."
- among the few retained: "system clear" and "cooling reset alarm"
- the online manual has an extra dot: "d.ocument"
- the 360/85 article includes a photo of same
- It has the same number of platters but double the number of data cylinders.
- Similar to the Massbus / DEC RP05/RP06 100 MB/200 MB capacities and number of cylinders.
- https://www-03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/3033/3033_intro.html, when comparing it and the then-new IBM 3033.
- "System/370 Model 158". IBM Archives. IBM.
- "System/370 Model 168". IBM Archives. IBM.
- "What Course for the 3081?". Computerworld. November 24, 1980. p. 34.
- Marshall, David; Reynolds, Wade A.; McCrory, Dave. Advanced Server Virtualization. p. 8. ISBN 1420013165.
- "A Guide to the IBM System/370 Model 168" (PDF). IBM. June 1975.
- "7070/7074 Compatibility Feature for IBM System/370 Models 165, 165 II, and 168" (PDF). IBM. June 1973. GA22-6958-1.