IAR 95

The IAR 95 Spey was a Romanian project to produce a supersonic fighter jet for the Romanian Air Force. The project was started in the late 1970s and cancelled in 1981. Shortly after, the project was restarted again. The project was cancelled for good in 1988 due to lack of funds before a prototype could be built, although a full-scale mockup was being constructed.[1]

IAR 95
Model of the final design
Role Fighter/ground attack aircraft
National origin Romania
Manufacturer Avioane Craiova
Designer INCAS Romania
Status Project cancelled in 1988
Primary user Romanian Air Force
Number built None

Design and development

The design was a high-wing monoplane with lateral air intakes, a single fin, and a single engine. Designs with two fins and two engines were also considered, but it was decided to go with the single-engine single-fin design. Other designations given to this project are IAR-101 and IAR-S and refer to different design layouts.

Romania considered a joint program with Yugoslavia, but the latter declined because it was designing its own supersonic fighter jet, the Novi Avion.


The following technical data applies to the design that progressed the furthest:

Data from IAR 95 specifications[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2
  • Length: 16 m (52 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.3 m (30 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 5.45 m (17 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 27.9 m2 (300 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 7,880 kg (17,372 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 15,200 kg (33,510 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Tumansky R-29-300 afterburning turbofan engine, 81.4 kN (18,300 lbf) thrust dry, 122 kN (27,000 lbf) with afterburner


  • Maximum speed: 1,500 km/h (930 mph, 810 kn) +
  • Maximum speed: Mach 2


  • 3,200 kg (7,055 lb) of various missiles and bombs

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists


Further reading

  • Donald, David, ed. (June 2001). International Air Power Review. Compendium (1st ed.). Airtime Publishing. ISBN 978-1880588338.
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