The IAR 471 was a 1943 prototype of ground attack aircraft and dive bomber aircraft built by Industria Aeronautică Română.
|Role||Ground attack aircraft and dive bomber|
|Manufacturer||Industria Aeronautică Română|
The IAR-81 had not proved a great success as an improvised dive bomber and experience with the IAR-47 showed that the IAR 14K would not be up to the demands of powering a full-sized dive bomber. Thus by early 1943 the Romanians still lacked an effective ground support aircraft . In November 1942 IAR had at last secured a license for the manufacture of the German DB 605 engine and planning now centred on this powerplant. On January 16, 1943, a new dive bomber project, the IAR-471, was commissioned which was to be powered by the DB 605. Although the Germans lent Romania numerous Stukas from mid-1943, they would not sell any. Therefore, the design of the IAR-471 was persevered with for reasons of self-sufficiency.
Despite its designation, the IAR-471 bore little resemblance to the smaller IAR 47 and was essentially a different aircraft. It was designed with a superior performance to the Stuka, much helped by the retractable undercarriage, but a lighter bomb load, and on May 7, 1944, the Stuka's two underwing 37mm cannons were ordered to be included in its specification. It was planned to order 100 IAR-471s and 136 engines from IAR in 1944/1945, but IAR was in the throes of dispersing its factories and beginning production of the Bf 109G and declared itself incapable of simultaneously producing the IAR-471. This halted the project even before Romania's defection to the Allies in August. No prototype flew. There were (at least) one IAR 471 prototypes built.
Specifications (IAR 471)
- Crew: 2
- Length: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 14 m (45 ft 10 in)
- Height: 3.2 m (10 ft 6 in)
- Wing area: 29 m2 (312 ft2)
- Gross weight: 4300 kg without bomb load kg (9,479 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × IAR DB 605, 1,100kW kW (1,475 hp)
- Maximum speed: 490 km/h (304 mph)
- Service ceiling: 8000 m (26,245 ft)
- 1 x 20mm MG151 cannon firing through the airscrew spinner
- 2 x 7.92mm Rheinmetall wing mounted
- 2 x 37mm BK 37 Rheinmetall under wing
- 2 x 7.92mm Rheinmetall MG for rear gunner
- 500 kg (1,100lb) bomb under fuselage
- 2 x 100 kg (220lb) bombs
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- Aichi D3A "Val"
- Blackburn Skua
- Heinkel He 118
- Yokosuka D4Y
- Henschel Hs 123
- Henschel Hs 129
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to IAR aircraft.|
- Axworthy 1994, pp.10-11.
- Axworthy, Max. "On Three Fronts: Romania's Aircraft Industry During World War Two". Air Enthusiast, No.56, Winter 1994. Stamford, Lincs, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0143-5450. pp. 8–27.
- Morosanu, Teodor Liviu. "Romanian Reconnaissance". Air International, April 1994, Vol 46 No 4. Stamford, Lincs, UK:Key Publishing. ISSN 0306-5634. pp. 207–211.