IAI Searcher

The IAI Searcher (also known by the Hebrew name מרומית Meyromit - "Marsh tern",[2] or officially in Israel as the חוגלה Hugla - "Alectoris") is a reconnaissance UAV developed in Israel in the 1980s. In the following decade, it replaced the IMI Mastiff and IAI Scout UAVs then in service with the Israeli Army.

IAI Searcher in Tel Nof Airbase, Israel
Role Reconnaissance UAV
National origin Israel
Manufacturer IAI
Introduction • Searcher 1 - 1992[1]

• Searcher 2 - 1998[1]


The Searcher looks almost identical to the Scout and Pioneer, but is in fact scaled up and is well over twice the size of the Scout. The Searcher is powered by a 35 kW (47 hp) piston engine. The new design features updated avionics and sensor systems with greater flight endurance as well as increased redundancy for improved survivability. In addition to Israel, the system had been exported and is currently in use by Russia, India, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Singapore,[3] Thailand and Turkey.[4]

Operational deployment

More than 100 Searcher IIs are being operated by the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy.


June 10, 2002 Searcher Mark-II, operated by Indian Air Force for reconnaissance, was shot down by a Pakistan Air Force F-16B using AIM-9L Sidewinder at an altitude of 13,000 ft, after it was spotted by the mobile observation units.[5]

May 21, 2015 Russian UAV "Forpost" (Searcher II, tail number 923) crashed near Avdiivka in Ukraine during the War in Donbass. The aircraft was shot down by Ukrainian volunteer battalion Dnipro-1.[6]


Specifications (Searcher II)

General characteristics

  • Crew: None
  • Capacity: 68 kg (150 lb) payload
  • Length: 5.85 m (19 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.54 m (28 ft 0 in)
  • Height: 1.25 m (4 ft 1 in)
  • Gross weight: 500 kg (1,100 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Limbach L 550, 35 kW (47 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 200 km/h (125 mph)
  • Endurance: 18 hours
  • Service ceiling: 6,100 m (20,000 ft)


See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. "אתר צה"ל - צבא ההגנה לישראל : 40 שנה להקמת טייסת המל"טים הראשונה בחיל האוויר". 4 March 2016.
  2. "Jane's Information Group". Janes.com. Archived from the original on 2009-05-01. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  3. "Hermes 450". Israeli-weapons.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. "Spy plane an evidence of Indo-Israeli collaboration: PAF".
  5. Цензор.НЕТ. "Кадры сборки сбитого на Донбассе российского беспилотника "Форпост" на уральском заводе по заказу Минобороны РФ. ФОТОрепортаж". Archived from the original on 2015-05-24. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
  6. "List of ammunition purchased by Azerbaijan made public". News.Az. 2012-03-27. Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  7. "UAVS AND UCAVS: DEVELOPMENTS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION – Appendix III, Table 1". Retrieved 2013-01-01.
  8. "Russian Force Practice Flying Forpost, Orlan-10 Drones In Tajikistan". www.defenseworld.net. Archived from the original on 2016-08-05. Retrieved 2016-05-28.
  9. "Russian Navy to Use UAV for Cruise and Anti-ship Missile Targeting". Archived from the original on 2018-08-22. Retrieved 2018-08-21.
  10. "ЦАМТО / Новости / Олег Салюков в интервью «МК»: в этом году соединения и воинские части СВ получат более 2500 новых основных образцов ВВСТ". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 2018-10-01. Retrieved 2018-10-01.
  11. https://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/focus-analysis/naval-technology/7274-russian-naval-aviation-armed-with-drones-part-1.html
  12. "ЦАМТО / Новости / Юрий Борисов: комплекс с БЛА «Форпост» с 2019 года будет производиться со 100-процентной локализацией". www.armstrade.org. Archived from the original on 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cLu4rxpXWUU
  14. "คณะเจ้าหน้าที่ของกองทัพเรือ เยี่ยมชมสาธิตการบิน UAV แบบ Searcher II ของกองทัพบก". Thaifighterclub.org. Retrieved 2012-11-18.

This article contains material that originally came from the web article Unmanned Aerial Vehicles by Greg Goebel, which exists in the Public Domain.

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