Hythe (UK Parliament constituency)

Hythe was a constituency centred on the town of Hythe in Kent. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons until 1832, when its representation was reduced to one member. The constituency was abolished for the 1950 general election, and replaced with the new Folkestone and Hythe constituency.

Hythe
Former constituency
for the House of Commons
1366–1950
Number of members1298–1832: two
1832–1950: one
Replaced byFolkestone and Hythe

Boundaries

1918–1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Folkestone and Hythe, the Urban District of Cheriton, and part of the Urban District of Sandgate.

Members of Parliament

1366-1640

ParliamentFirst MemberSecond Member
1386Henry BrowningJohn Bernard [1]
1388 (Feb)John DyneWilliam Hughelot [1]
1388 (Sep)Walter FisherJohn Cundy[1]
1390 (Jan)John DyneHenry Browning [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391Henry BrowningWilliam Cundy [1]
1393John FrenchAlan Honywode [1]
1394
1395John DyneJohn Storme [1]
1397 (Jan)John DyneJohn Honywode [1]
1397 (Sept)
1399Thomas CanterburyAlexander Appleford [1]
1401
1402Thomas CasebourneAlexander Appleford [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406Thomas CasebourneHenry Philpot [1]
1407Martin FrenchHenry Philpot [1]
1410Alexander ApplefordStephen Rye [1]
1411William Canoun [1]
1413 (Feb)Henry PhilpotStephen Rye [1]
1413 (May)Thomas CasebourneStephen Rye [1]
1414 (Apr)William CanounStephen Rye [1]
1414 (Nov)Robert BannokWilliam Yoklete [1]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417Henry PhilpotStephen Rye [1]
1419Henry PhilpotJohn Skinner [1]
1420Alexander ApplefordJohn Overhaven [1]
1421 (May)Thomas BromleghJohn Leigh [1]
1421 (Dec)John OverhavenRichard Rykedon [1]
1510John HonywoodJohn Berde[2]
1512Clement HolweyJohn Berde [2]
1515not known
1523not known
1529John HullStephen Harry [2]
1536?John Hull?Stephen Harry [2]
1539not known
1542not known
1545not known
1547William Brooke alias CobhamWilliam Baddell [2]
1553 (Mar)William DalmyngtonJohn Knight [2]
1553 (Oct)Thomas JekynWilliam Oxenden [2]
1554 (Apr)William CardenJohn Estday [2]
1554 (Nov)John EstdayThomas Keys [2]
1555John KnightJohn Fowler [2]
1558John KnightRichard Daper [2]
1559William BaddellRalph Haselhurst[3]
1562/3Edward PophamJohn Bridgman [3]
1571William CromerJohn Stephenson [3]
1572Thomas Honywood, died
and replaced Nov 1584 by
George Morton
John Bridgman [3]
1584Christopher HonywoodThomas Bodley, sat for Portsmouth
replaced by
?George Morton [3]
1586John SmytheWilliam Dalmyngton [3]
1588/9John CollinsJohn Smythe [3]
1593Henry FaneJohn Collins [3]
1597Christopher HonywoodChristopher Toldervey [3]
1601William KnightChristopher Toldervey [3]
1604Sir John Smith died
and replaced 1609 by
Sir Norton Knatchbull
Christopher Toldervey
1614Sir Richard SmytheLionel Cranfield
1621-1622Sir Peter HeymanDr Richard Zouche
1624Sir Peter HeymanDr Richard Zouche
1625Sir Edward Dering, 1st BaronetEdward Clarke
1626Sir Peter HeymanBasil Dixwell
1628-1629Sir Peter HeymanSir Edward Scott
1629–1640No Parliaments summoned

1640-1832

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640 John WandesfordRoyalist (Sir) Henry HeymanParliamentarian
November 1640 John HarveyParliamentarian (Sir) Henry HeymanParliamentarian
1645 Thomas Westrow
1653 Hythe was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Sir Robert Hales William Kenrick
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
1660 The Viscount Strangford Phineas Andrews
May 1661 John Hervey
November 1661 Sir Henry Wood
1673 Sir Leoline Jenkins
February 1679 Sir Edward Dering Julius Deedes
August 1679 Edward Hales
April 1685 Heneage Finch Julius Deedes
June 1685 William Shaw
1689 Edward Hales Julius Deedes
1690 Sir Philip Boteler William Brockman
1695 Jacob des Bouverie
1701 John Boteler
1708 John Fane
1710 [note 1] The Viscount Shannon
1711 John Boteler William Berners
1712 The Viscount Shannon
1713 Jacob des Bouverie John Boteler
1715 Sir Samuel Lennard
1722 Captain Hercules Baker
1728 William Glanville
1744 (Sir) Thomas Hales [note 2]
1761 Lord George Sackville
1766 William Amherst
1768 John Sawbridge William Evelyn
1774 Sir Charles Farnaby [note 3]
1798 Hon. Charles Marsham [note 4]
1802 Matthew White Thomas Godfrey
1806 Viscount Marsham
1807 William Deedes
1810 Sir John Perring
1812 Matthew White
1818 John Bladen Taylor
1819 Samuel Jones-Loyd Liberal
1820 Stewart Marjoribanks
1826 Sir Robert Townsend-Farquhar
1830 John Loch
1832 Representation reduced to one member

1832-1950

YearMemberParty
1832 Stewart Marjoribanks Whig[4][5][6]
1837 Viscount Melgund Whig[4][7]
1841 Stewart Marjoribanks Whig[4][5][6]
1847 Edward Drake Brockman Whig[8]
1857 Sir John Ramsden Whig
1859 Baron Mayer de Rothschild Liberal
1874 Sir Edward Watkin Liberal
1885 Independent Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1888 Independent Liberal
1895 Sir James Bevan Edwards Conservative
1899 Sir Edward Sassoon Liberal Unionist
1912 Sir Philip Sassoon Unionist
1939 Rupert Brabner Conservative
1945 Harry Mackeson Conservative
1950 Constituency abolished

Election results

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Stewart Marjoribanks Unopposed
Registered electors 513
Whig hold
General election 1847: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Drake Brockman 211 52.8 N/A
Whig Mayer Amschel de Rothschild 189 47.3 N/A
Majority 22 5.5 N/A
Turnout 400 82.5 N/A
Registered electors 485
Whig hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Drake Brockman 512 83.9 +31.1
Whig Robert Standish Motte[10] 98 16.1 31.2
Majority 414 67.9 +62.4
Turnout 610 71.3 11.2
Registered electors 856
Whig hold Swing +31.2
General election 1857: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John William Ramsden 490 65.5 18.4
Peelite Henry Aitcheson Hankey[11][12] 258 34.5 N/A
Majority 232 31.0 36.9
Turnout 748 74.9 +3.6
Registered electors 998
Whig hold Swing N/A

Ramsden resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 15 February 1859: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Mayer Amschel de Rothschild Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1859: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Mayer Amschel de Rothschild Unopposed
Registered electors 997
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Mayer Amschel de Rothschild Unopposed
Registered electors 1,291
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Mayer Amschel de Rothschild 1,268 70.9 N/A
Conservative Albert Nugent[13] 521 29.1 N/A
Majority 747 41.8 N/A
Turnout 1,789 78.6 N/A
Registered electors 2,275
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Watkin 1,347 81.8 N/A
Liberal Montague Merryweather[14] 300 18.2 N/A
Majority 1,047 63.6 +21.8
Turnout 1,647 67.4 11.2
Registered electors 2,445
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Hythe [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Watkin Unopposed
Registered electors 2,893
Liberal hold
General election 1885: Hythe [15][16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Edward Watkin 2,247 73.8 N/A
Liberal Alpheus Morton 797 26.2 N/A
Majority 1,450 47.6 N/A
Turnout 3,044 81.5 N/A
Registered electors 3,737
Independent Liberal gain from Liberal Swing N/A
General election 1886: Hythe [15][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edward Watkin Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Independent Liberal

Elections in the 1890s

General election 1892: Hythe [15][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Edward Watkin Unopposed
Independent Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist
General election 1895: Hythe [15][18][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Bevan Edwards 2,189 55.9 N/A
Liberal Israel Hart 1,726 44.1 N/A
Majority 463 11.8 N/A
Turnout 3,915 83.4 N/A
Registered electors 4,695
Conservative gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A

Edwards' resignation caused a by-election.

1899 Hythe by-election [15][18][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Sassoon 2,425 56.1 +0.2
Liberal Israel Hart 1,898 43.9 -0.2
Majority 527 12.2 +0.4
Turnout 4,323 82.8 -0.6
Registered electors 5,224
Conservative hold Swing +0.2

Elections in the 1900s

General election 1900: Hythe [15][18][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Sassoon Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1906: Hythe [15][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Sassoon 3,246 58.0 N/A
Liberal Chartres Biron 2,347 42.0 N/A
Majority 899 16.0 N/A
Turnout 5,593 85.8 N/A
Registered electors 6,520
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s

General election January 1910: Hythe [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Sassoon 3,746 65.7 +7.7
Liberal William Clarke Hall 1,954 34.3 -7.7
Majority 1,792 31.4 +15.4
Turnout 87.1 +1.3
Conservative hold Swing +7.7
General election December 1910: Hythe [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Sassoon Unopposed
Conservative hold
1912 Hythe by-election[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Sassoon 3,722 65.0 N/A
Liberal Samuel Moorhouse 2,004 35.0 N/A
Majority 1,718 30.0 N/A
Turnout 82.2 N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Philip Sassoon 8,819 72.0 N/A
Labour Robert William Forsyth 3,427 28.0 N/A
Majority 5,392 44.0 N/A
Turnout 12,246 61.6 N/A
Registered electors 19,896
Unionist hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Sassoon Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1923: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Sassoon Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1924: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Sassoon 12,843 76.5 N/A
Labour Constantine Gallop 3,936 23.5 N/A
Majority 8,907 53.0 N/A
Turnout 16,779 79.7 N/A
Registered electors 21,058
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1929: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Philip Sassoon 12,982 57.8 18.7
Liberal Hester Lloyd Holland 6,912 30.7 N/A
Labour Grace Colman 2,597 11.5 12.0
Majority 6,070 27.1 25.9
Turnout 22,491 70.8 8.9
Registered electors 31,745
Unionist hold Swing 3.4

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Sassoon 20,277 84.9 +27.1
Labour Grace Colman 3,608 15.1 +3.6
Majority 16,669 69.8 +42.7
Turnout 71.8 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing
  • The Liberal candidate, Hester Holland withdrew on 14 Oct 1931
General election 1935: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Philip Sassoon 15,359 63.9
Liberal Richard Hathaway Ellis 8,688 36.1 n/a
Majority 6,671 27.7
Turnout 24,047 68.3
Conservative hold Swing
1939 Hythe by-election[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rupert Brabner 12,016 54.2 -9.7
Liberal Frank Ongley Darvall 9,577 43.2 +7.1
Independent St John Philby 576 2.6 n/a
Majority 2,439 11.0 -16.8
Turnout 62.4 -5.9
Conservative hold Swing -8.4

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Hythe[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Mackeson 8,048 46.5 -7.7
Labour David Graham Widdiscombe 6,091 35.2 n/a
Liberal Arthur Dyke Beauchamp James 3,152 18.2 -25.0
Majority 1,957 11.3 +0.3
Turnout 73.3 +10.9
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Notes

  1. At the election of 1710, Fane and Shannon were returned as elected but, on petition, they were declared not to have been duly elected and Berners and Boteler were seated in their place.
  2. Succeeded as baronet, January 1748.
  3. Farnaby adopted the surname Radcliffe in 1783.
  4. Styled Viscount Marsham from June 1801 (when his father was created Earl of Romney).

References

Citations
  1. "Hythe (1386–1421)". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  2. "Hythe (1509–1558)". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  3. "Hythe (1558–1603)". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  4. Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 164–166. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  5. Fisher, David R. (2009). "MARJORIBANKS, Stewart (1774–1863), of Bushey Grove, nr. Watford, Herts". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  6. Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons, 1836. London. p. 120. Retrieved 10 November 2018 via Google Books.
  7. Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 158. Retrieved 10 November 2018 via Google Books.
  8. Ollivier, John (1848). "Alphabetical List of the House of Commons". Ollivier's Parliamentary and Political Directory for the Session 1841, 1848. p. 17. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  9. Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  10. "The General Elections". Globe. 10 July 1852. p. 4. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  11. "Nominations". London Daily News. 28 March 1857. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 14 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. "Election Intelligence". Morning Advertiser. 27 March 1857. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 14 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. "Hythe". Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser. 16 November 1868. p. 5. Retrieved 18 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. "Folkestone Election". Dover Express. 6 February 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 18 February 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  15. The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  16. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  17. Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  18. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  19. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  20. Craig, F. W. S. (1969). British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications.
Bibliography
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