Hypercubic honeycomb

In geometry, a hypercubic honeycomb is a family of regular honeycombs (tessellations) in n-dimensions with the Schläfli symbols {4,3...3,4} and containing the symmetry of Coxeter group Rn (or B~n-1) for n>=3.

A regular square tiling.

1 color

A cubic honeycomb in its regular form.

1 color

A checkboard square tiling

2 colors

A cubic honeycomb checkerboard.

2 colors

Expanded square tiling

3 colors

Expanded cubic honeycomb

4 colors

4 colors

8 colors

The tessellation is constructed from 4 n-hypercubes per ridge. The vertex figure is a cross-polytope {3...3,4}.

The hypercubic honeycombs are self-dual.

Coxeter named this family as δn+1 for an n-dimensional honeycomb.

Wythoff construction classes by dimension

A Wythoff construction is a method for constructing a uniform polyhedron or plane tiling.

The two general forms of the hypercube honeycombs are the regular form with identical hypercubic facets and one semiregular, with alternating hypercube facets, like a checkerboard.

A third form is generated by an expansion operation applied to the regular form, creating facets in place of all lower-dimensional elements. For example, an expanded cubic honeycomb has cubic cells centered on the original cubes, on the original faces, on the original edges, on the original vertices, creating 4 colors of cells around in vertex in 1:3:3:1 counts.

The orthotopic honeycombs are a family topologically equivalent to the cubic honeycombs but with lower symmetry, in which each of the three axial directions may have different edge lengths. The facets are hyperrectangles, also called orthotopes; in 2 and 3 dimensions the orthotopes are rectangles and cuboids respectively.

δn Name Schläfli symbols Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams
(2m colors, m<n)
(1 color, n colors)
(2 colors)
δ2 Apeirogon {∞}    
δ3 Square tiling {∞}2

δ4 Cubic honeycomb {∞}3

δ5 4-cube honeycomb {∞}4

δ6 5-cube honeycomb {∞}5

δ7 6-cube honeycomb {∞}6

δ8 7-cube honeycomb {∞}7

δ9 8-cube honeycomb {∞}8

δn n-hypercubic honeycomb {∞}n

See also


  • Coxeter, H.S.M. Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8
    1. pp. 122–123. (The lattice of hypercubes γn form the cubic honeycombs, δn+1)
    2. pp. 154–156: Partial truncation or alternation, represented by h prefix: h{4,4}={4,4}; h{4,3,4}={31,1,4}, h{4,3,3,4}={3,3,4,3}
    3. p. 296, Table II: Regular honeycombs, δn+1
Fundamental convex regular and uniform honeycombs in dimensions 2-9
Space Family / /
E2 Uniform tiling {3[3]} δ3 hδ3 qδ3 Hexagonal
E3 Uniform convex honeycomb {3[4]} δ4 hδ4 qδ4
E4 Uniform 4-honeycomb {3[5]} δ5 hδ5 qδ5 24-cell honeycomb
E5 Uniform 5-honeycomb {3[6]} δ6 hδ6 qδ6
E6 Uniform 6-honeycomb {3[7]} δ7 hδ7 qδ7 222
E7 Uniform 7-honeycomb {3[8]} δ8 hδ8 qδ8 133331
E8 Uniform 8-honeycomb {3[9]} δ9 hδ9 qδ9 152251521
E9 Uniform 9-honeycomb {3[10]} δ10 hδ10 qδ10
En-1 Uniform (n-1)-honeycomb {3[n]} δn hδn qδn 1k22k1k21
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