Hyelaphus (golden deer or hog deer) is a genus of relatively small South and Southeast Asia deer that are overall brown. The three species are all threatened, and two of the species are restricted to a few small islands. Originally considered a subgenus of Axis, genetic evidence indicates that Hyelaphus is closer to the genus Rusa than Axis. Consequently, Hyelaphus was elevated to genus status, leaving the chital as the only member of Axis.[1][2]

A Bawean deer
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Hyelaphus

Hyelaphus porcinus
Hyelaphus annamiticus
Hyelaphus calamianensis
Hyelaphus kuhlii




ImageScientific nameCommon NameDistribution
Hyelaphus porcinusIndian hog deerPakistan, northern India, Nepal, Bangladesh, southwestern Yunnan Province in China, all the way to western Thailand.
Hyelaphus annamiticus[3]Indochinese hog deerCambodia, Laos, People's Republic of China and Vietnam
Hyelaphus calamianensisCalamian hog deerCalamian Islands of Palawan province of the Philippines
Hyelaphus kuhliiBawean deerisland of Bawean (Gresik Regency) in Indonesia


  1. Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004). Evolution and phylogeny of old world deer. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 880–895.
  2. Groves (2006). The genus Cervus in eastern Eurasia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 52: 14-22.
  3. Ungulate Taxonomy – A new perspective from Groves and Grubb (2011) Archived 2012-12-01 at the Wayback Machine. ultimateungulate.com

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