Husum (North Frisian: Hüsem) is the capital of the Kreis (district) Nordfriesland in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The town was the birthplace of the novelist Theodor Storm, who coined the epithet "the grey town by the sea". It is also the home of the annual international piano festival Raritäten der Klaviermusik (Rarities of Piano Music) founded in 1986.
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 54°28′0″N 9°3′0″E|
|• Mayor||Uwe Schmitz|
|• Total||25.82 km2 (9.97 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|• Density||900/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Husum was first mentioned as Husembro in 1252, when king Abel was murdered.
Like most towns on the North Sea, Husum was always strongly influenced by storm tides. In 1362 a disastrous storm tide, the "Grote Mandrenke" flooded the town and carved out the inland harbour. Before this date Husum was not situated directly on the coast. The people of the city took advantage of this opportunity and built a marketplace, which led to a great economic upturn.
Between 1372 and 1398 the population of Husum grew rapidly, and two villages, Oster-Husum (East-Husum) and Wester-Husum (West-Husum), were founded.
The name Husum is first mentioned in 1409. It is shown on the Carta Marina in the Frisian form of Husem.
- Zentrum (Danish: Indreby)
- Nordhusum (Danish: Nørre Husum)
- Porrenkoog (Danish: Porrekog, North Frisian: Porekuuch)
- Osterhusum (Danish: Øster Husum), Osterhusumfeld
- Norderschlag (Danish: Nørreslag)
- Dreimühlen (Danish: Tremølle)
- Rödemis (Danish: Rødemis, North Frisian: Rööms)
- Neustadt (Danish: Nystad(en))
- Schauendahl (Danish: Skovdal)
- Kielsburg (Danish: Kilsborg)
- Schobüll (Danish: Skobøl, North Frisian: Schööbel)
- Halebüll (Danish: Halebøl, North Frisian: Hälbel)
- Hockensbüll (Danish: Hokkensbøl, North Frisian: Hukensbel)
Being a tourist resort and the gateway to the North Frisian Islands, Husum offers many cultural features.
Festival Raritäten der Klaviermusik
The Theodor-Storm-Haus (Wasserreihe 31) was the house of Theodor Storm. It is home to an exhibition about the novelist and his works. The Schifffahrtsmuseum Nordfriesland (Zingel 15) shows ships from the Middle Ages to the present. The models on display give a good impression of life on the coast and at sea. The Ostenfelder Bauernhaus (Nordhusumer Str.13) is an old farmhouse and the oldest open-air museum in Germany.
Marienkirche (Saint Mary), collapsed 1807, re-erected 1833 The Schloss vor Husum, 1582, was a residence of the dukes of Holstein-Gottorp Old Town Hall, 1601 New Town Hall, 1988/1989
The Spielmannszug Rödemis is a famous marching band from the district of Rödemis. Husum is also home of two football clubs, the Husumer SV and the Rödemisser SV. Husum Cricket Club is based at the Mikkelberg-Kunst-und-Cricket Center which has in the past hosted international women's cricket matches. The ground is located in nearby Hattstedt.
Husum station is located on the Westerland–Hamburg line (Marsh Railway), the Husum–Bad St. Peter-Ording line to the Eiderstedt peninsula and the Husum–Jübek line, which connects to the Neumünster–Flensburg line and Kiel.
- Gemeinschaftsschule Husum-Nord
- Husum Danske Skole (Danish School)
- Iven-Agßen-Schule, since 1619, one of the oldest elementary schools in Germany.
- Bornschool in Schobüll
- Nicolaus Bruhns (1665–1697) organist in Husum 1689-1697, an important influence on Johann Sebastian Bach
- Peter Wilhelm Forchhammer (1801–1894) a German classical archaeologist
- Georg Beseler (1809–1888) a Prussian jurist and politician
- Friedrich Lübker (1811–1867) a German educator and philologist.
- Theodor Storm (1817−1888), German novelist of German realism style
- Adolf Brütt (1855–1939) a German sculptor
- Emil Schiller (de) (1865-1945), pastor and missionary in Japan
- Richard Petersen (de) (1865-1946), Technical Director for the construction of the Wuppertaler Schwebebahn
- Margarete Böhme (1867-1939), German writer
- Ernst Graf zu Reventlow (1869–1943) a German naval officer, journalist and Nazi politician
- Oskar Vogt (1870-1959), neuroanatomy, psychiatrist; He dissected the brain of Lenin in the 1920s
- Fanny zu Reventlow (1871-1918), German painter and writer
- Goslar Carstens (de) (1894-1978), German attorney, local politician, local historian and author; Mayor of Husum in 1946
- Claus-Frenz Claussen (born 1939) a German ENT-Medician, University teacher, author, editor, artist and inventor
- Hans Hartz (1943-2002), musician and songwriter
- Herwig Ahrendsen (born 1948), handball player, competed in the 1972 Summer Olympics
- Johann Wadephul (born 1963), CDU politician
- Freya Hoffmeister (born 1964) a German business owner and athlete who holds several sea kayaking endurance records
- Joachim Friedrich Quack (born 1966), Egyptologist and recipient of the Leibniz Prize
- Isgaard (born 1972), singer
- Jan Wayne (born 1974) a German electronic dance music DJ and producer.
- Matthias Holst (born 1982), soccer player
- Morten Jensen (born 1987), football goalkeeper
- Janina Uhse (born 1989), actress
- Lars Hartig (born 1990) a German rower, competed in the 2012 Summer Olympics
- "Statistikamt Nord – Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2018 (XLS-file)". Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein (in German).
- Festival web site
- "Ground profile: Mikkelberg-Kunst-und-Cricket Center". CricketArchive. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
- Our Twinning Story
- Twin cities of Husum(in German)
- Killy, Walther (2005-01-01). Schmidt - Theyer. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783110966299.
- The Encyclopedia Americana, Reventlow, Ernst, Count retrieved 12 November 2018
- IMDb Database retrieved 12 November 2018
- Riewerts, Brar V. (1969). Die Stadt Husum in Geschichte und Gegenwart (in German). Husum: Hermann Hansen.
- Brandt, Otto (1925 (8. Aufl. 1981)). Geschichte Schleswig-Holsteins (in German). Kiel: Mühlau. Check date values in:
- "Husum", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 1, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1875, pp. 707–
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