Hungarian Braille

The braille alphabet used to write Hungarian is based on the international norm for the 26 basic letters of the Latin script. However, the letters for q and z have been replaced, to increase the symmetry of the accented letters of the Hungarian alphabet, which are largely innovative to Hungarian braille.[1][2]

Hungarian Braille
Type
alphabet
LanguagesHungarian
Parent systems
Braille
  • Hungarian Braille
Print basis
Hungarian alphabet

Alphabet

The Hungarian alphabet is:

A Á B C Cs D Dz Dzs E É F G Gy H I Í J K L Ly M N Ny O Ó Ö Ő P (Q) R S Sz T Ty U Ú Ü Ű V (W) (X) (Y) Z Zs

The letters that conform to traditional braille are:


a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

i

j

k

l

m

n

o

p

r

s

t

u

v

w

x

y

The accented vowel letters are derived from their base letters through stretching or reflection as follows. The traditional letter for q (which is not part of the basic Hungarian alphabet) has been reassigned to ö, and an unused pattern has been assigned to ü:


a

e

i

o

ö

u

ü

q

ä

á

é

í

ó

ő

ú

ű

This creates the following symmetrical pattern for the umlauted vowels:


ö

ő

ü

ű

(Ä is not part of the basic Hungarian alphabet.)

The consonant digraphs are derived from their base letters as follows. The traditional letter for z has been replaced, and is used for a parenthesis. As with the accented vowels, the majority of digraphs are created through reflection:


c

g

l

n

t

s

z

cs

gy

ly

ny

ty

sz

zs

ccs

ggy

lly

nny

tty

ssz

zzs

This creates the following pattern among the sibilants:


s

sz

z

zs

Punctuation

Unlike English or French Braille, Hungarian Braille has separate opening and closing symbols for both parentheses and quotation marks.


,

.

;

 :

-

'

?

!

   

(     )

/

Mathematics and computer notation


number sign (#)

Dollar sign ($)

percent sign (%)

ampersant (&)

plus sign (+)

asterisk / multiplication sign (*)

division sign (/)

equality sign (=)

at sign (@)

backslash (\)

caret (^)

underscore (_)

`

tilde / similarity sign (~)

paragraph sign (§)

euro (€)

bullet sign (•)

degree (°)

Roman Numerals

the roman numerals use the capital letters of i, v, x, l, c, m


I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

XX

XXI

XXX

XXXI

XL

XLI

L

LI

LX

LXI

C

CI

M

MI

Formatting


(num.)

(caps)

References

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