Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland
Hugh Percy, 3rd Duke of Northumberland – 11 February 1847), styled Earl Percy until 1817, was a British aristocrat and Tory politician who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland under the Duke of Wellington from 1829 to 1830.(20 April 1785
The Duke of Northumberland
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
22 January 1829 – 4 December 1830
|Monarch||George IV |
|Prime Minister||The Duke of Wellington|
|Preceded by||The Marquess of Anglesey|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Anglesey|
|Born||20 April 1785|
|Died||11 February 1847 61) (aged|
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
Lady Charlotte Clive (m. 1817)
|Parents||Hugh Percy, 2nd Duke of Northumberland|
Frances Julia Burrell
|Alma mater||Eton |
St John's College, Cambridge
Background and education
Northumberland entered parliament as the member for Buckingham in July 1806. In September of that year he was elected member for the City of Westminster, on the death of Charles James Fox. He declined to fight the seat at the general election two months later, instead being returned for Launceston. In 1807 he offered himself as a candidate for the county of Northumberland in opposition to Charles, Lord Howick (afterwards the 2nd Earl Grey), who declined to contest the seat. Percy was returned unopposed, and continued to sit until 1812, when he was called to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration by the title Baron Percy. In 1817 he succeeded his father as Duke of Northumberland. He served as Ambassador Extraordinary at the coronation of Charles X of France in 1825, defraying the expenses thereof himself, and he "astonished the continental nobility of the magnitude of his retinue, the gorgeousness of his equippage, and the profuseness of his liberality". In March 1829 he was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, a post he held until the following year. He was thus in office when the Catholic Emancipation Act was passed, and was pronounced by Robert Peel "the best chief governor that ever presided over the affairs of Ireland."
Other public positions
In November 1834 Northumberland was elected high Steward of the university of Cambridge, holding that honour until 1840 when he was made Chancellor of the University. He played a prominent role in the establishment of the Church Building Society responsible for building the so-called "Waterloo churches" during the early 19th century. He proposed the CBS's formation at a meeting in the Freemasons' Hall, London on 6 February 1818, chaired by the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Society lobbied parliament to provide funding for a church building programme, and parliament subsequently passed the Church Building Act, voting £l,000,000 to the cause. He also played a part in the development of football in a time when it was a controversial game by providing a field for the annual Alnwick Shrove Tuesday game and presenting the ball before the match—a ritual that continues to this day. Between 1817 and 1847 he held the honorary post of Lord Lieutenant of Northumberland.
Northumberland died at Alnwick in February 1847, aged 61. His remains were transported to London by train on 19 February, and were interred in the Northumberland Vault within Westminster Abbey, on 23 February. He was succeeded by his younger brother, Lord Prudhoe. In August 1851, an altar monument to the Duke was placed in St. Paul's Church, Alnwick.
- "Percy, Hugh Earl (PRCY802HE)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- John Latimer. Local Records, or, Historical Register of Remarkable Events. 1857
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Northumberland, Earls and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 788.
- Elizabeth, Duchess of Northumberland – Westminster Abbey
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Northumberland