Hugh Mackintosh

The Very Rev Prof Hugh Ross Mackintosh DD (31 October 1870–8 June 1936) was a Scottish theologian, and parish minister who served as Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1932.


He was born in Paisley on 31 October 1870, where his father held the Free Church Gaelic charge. He attended the University of Edinburgh, and then New College, Edinburgh to study divinity. He also took sessions at Freiburg, Halle and Marburg, where he became a particular friend of Wilhelm Herrmann.

His major theological work was his major study addressing the Person of Christ. He arrived at a kenotic doctrine of incarnation following his fellow Scot P. T. Forsyth. His other influential work was the 'Christian Experience of Forgiveness' which attempted to creatively restate the Protestant doctrines of justification and atonement. He argued that justification was forgiveness and that the cross was the cost of forgiveness to God. He also taught T. F. Torrance dogmatics - (systematic theology).

He was a Free Church minister at Tayport (1897-1901) and, following the creation of the United Free Church of Scotland in 1900, of BeechgroveChurch in Aberdeen (U.F. Church) (1901-1904), before becoming professor of divinity at New College (1904-1936).

In 1910 he was living at 81 Colinton Road in south-west Edinburgh.[1]

The Church of Scotland and the United Free Church of Scotland united in 1929. Mackintosh was elected Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1932.

He died on 8 June 1936 and is buried with his wife, Jessie Air (1877-1951), in Morningside Cemetery, Edinburgh, towards the south-east.


  • The Doctrine of the Person of Christ
  • The Originality of the Christian Message
  • Immortality and the Future of the Christian Doctrine of Eternal Life
  • Selections from the Literature of Theism
  • Types of Modern Theology

See also


  1. Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1910/11
  • Nigel M. de S. et al., Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, pp. 693–698. T & T Clark, Edinburgh 1993. ISBN 0-567-09650-5

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