Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
Seal of Hugh III of Burgundy
|Duke of Burgundy|
|Died||25 August 1192|
|Spouse||Alice of Lorraine|
Béatrice of Albon
|Odo III, Duke of Burgundy|
Guy VI of Viennois
Margaret of Burgundy
|Father||Odo II, Duke of Burgundy|
|Mother||Marie of Champagne|
The rule of Hugh III marked the ending of a period of relative peace in the duchy of Burgundy. Hugh was a belligerent man and soon was involved in conflicts against King Louis VII of France over their borders. When Philip Augustus succeeded Louis in 1180, Hugh seized the opportunity and forced several men to change their allegiance to Burgundy. Philip II was not happy with the loss of his vassals and invaded the duchy, besieging Châtillon. The town fell and with it, its garrison, commanded by Odo, Hugh's heir. A peace was negotiated and Hugh had to pay a high ransom for his son and give up ambitions over French territory.
In 1187, Hugh transferred the capital of Burgundy to Dijon, and endeavoured to turn the city into a major commercial centre.
Hugh then turned his energies to the Holy Land, embarking in the Third Crusade in the retinue of Philip II. When Philip returned to France, he left Hugh in charge of the French troops. Hugh played a major role in the victory of the Battle of Arsuf (September 7, 1191) and at the Siege of Acre, where he died August 1192.
Marriage and issue
He was married twice:
Firstly, in 1165, to Alice (1145–1200), daughter of Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine; he repudiated her in 1183. By his first marriage, he produced:
- Odo III (1166–1218), his successor in the Duchy
- Alexander (1170–1206), Lord of Montaigu, married Beatrix of Montaigu
- Douce (1175 – c.1219), married in 1196 Simon of Semur (d.1219), Lord of Luzy
- Alice (b.1177), married Béraud VII, Lord of Mercœur
- Bouchard, Constance Brittain (1987). Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980–1198. Cornell University Press.
- Cox, Eugene L (1974). The Eagles of Savoy. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691052166.
- Gillingham, John (1999). Richard I. Yale University Press.
- Painter, Sidney (1969). "The Third Crusade: Richard the Lionhearted and Philip Augustus". In Setton, Kenneth M.; Wolff, Robert Lee; Hazard, Harry W. (eds.). The Later Crusades, 1189-1311. University of Wisconsin Press.
Hugh III, Duke of BurgundyBorn: 1142 Died: 25 August 1192
| Duke of Burgundy