Hugh, Count of Champagne
Hugh (c. 1074 – c.1125) was the Count of Champagne from 1093 until his death.
Hugh was the third son of Theobald III, Count of Blois and Adele of Valois, bearing the title Count of Bar-sur-Aube. His older brother Odo V, Count of Troyes, died in 1093, leaving him master of Troyes, where he centred his court, and Vitry-le-François. In this way the three contiguous countships that formed the core of an emerging Champagne were united in his person, and though he preferred "Count of Troyes", the oldest of his lordships and site of the only bishopric in his domains, many contemporary documents call him the count of Champagne, the title preferred by his descendants.
His first recorded act, a monastic gift in 1094, became the oldest document of the comital archive. The act of his that resonated longest in history was his grant of lands in 1115 to the monk Bernard of the reformed Benedictines at Cîteaux—the Cistercians—in order to found Clairvaux Abbey, a Cistercian monastery at Clairvaux (in the present Ville-sous-la-Ferté), in a wild valley of a tributary of the Aube, where Bernard was appointed abbot and became famous as Bernard of Clairvaux. Hugh's charter makes over to the new foundation Clairvaux and its dependencies, fields, meadows, vineyards, woods and water. A deeply affectionate letter from Bernard to Hugh survives, written in 1125, as Hugh went off for a third time to fight in the Holy Land, joining the Knights Templar, leaving his pregnant wife, and disinheriting his son Odo – according to later sources, Hugh believed himself impotent and never acknowledged his son. Instead, he transferred his titles to his nephew, who became Theobald II of Champagne. Odo's two sons, Odo II of Champlitte and William of Champlitte were important figures in the fourth crusade.
Hugh married first Constance, daughter of King Philip I of France and Bertha of Holland. Their only child, a son called Manasses, died young. He married second Isabella, daughter of Stephen I, Count of Burgundy and niece of Pope Callixtus II and they had issue:
- Eudes/Odo I, married to Sibylle de La Ferte-sur-L'Aube and had two sons:
When Hugh became a Knight Templar himself in 1125, the Order comprised few more than a dozen knights, and the first Grand Master of the Templars was a vassal of his, Hugues de Payens, who had been with him at Jerusalem in 1114.
Hugh was also the generous patron of the abbeys of Montieramey Abbey and of Molesme, making grants from his castle of Isle-Aumont, south of Troyes. In a surviving letter to him from Ivo of Chartres (Letter CCCXLV), the Bishop of Chartres reminds him of his obligations of marriage, perhaps to deter him from making vows of continence.
- Evergates 1999, p. 11.
- Theodore Evergates, The Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, 1100–1300, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007), 7.
- C. West, 'Count Hugh of Troyes and the Territorial Principality in early Twelfth-Century Europe', English Historical Review 127 (2012), 523-548, open access
- Bernard of Clairvaux, Letter XXXI: A Hugues, comte de Champagne, qui s'était fait Templier en l'an 1125 The editors' notes furnished biographical material for this article.
- George Finlay, A History of Greece: Mediaeval Greece and the empire of Trebizond, A.D. 1204 (Clarendon press, 1877) p. 175
- Jochen Schenk, Templar Families: Landowning Families and the order of the Temple in France, c. 1120-1307, (Cambridge University Press, 2012), 96.
- Karen Ralls, The Templars and the Grail: Knights of the Quest, (Quest Books, 2003), 46.
- Evergates, Theodore, ed. (1999). Aristocratic Women in Medieval France. University of Pennsylvania Press.
| Count of Champagne