Hrabia (abbreviated hr. before a surname) is the title used for a rank of Polish nobility roughly corresponding to that of a Count. An earlier counterpart, komes, was used for a non-hereditary office in Piast Poland and faded from use before the establishment of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The title was adopted from Czech,[1] in which itself is a loanword from the Old German title grāve (cf. modern German Graf).

The wife of a hrabia is a hrabina, and the daughter a hrabianka; the territory he governs is a hrabstwo ("county", pronounced "HRAHP-stvoh").

See also


  1. Basaj, Mieczysław; Siatkowski, Janusz (1967). "Przegląd wyrazów uważanych w literaturze naukowej za bohemizmy" [Review of Words Considered to be Bohemisms in the Scientific Literature]. Studia z Filologii Polskiej i Słowiańskiej (in Polish). 6: 7–24. ISSN 2392-2435.
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