Hovgaard Island (Kara Sea)

Hovgaard Island (Russian: остров Ховгарда, ostrov Khovgarda) is an island of the Nordenskiöld Archipelago in the Kara Sea, off the coast of Siberia.[1]

Hovgaard Island
Ostrov Khovgarda
Native name:
остров Ховгарда
Hovgaard Island
Location in the Nordenskjold Archipelago
LocationKara Sea
Coordinates76°21′50″N 95°5′36″E
ArchipelagoNordenskiöld Archipelago
Length3 km (1.9 mi)
Width0.9 km (0.56 mi)
Highest elevation13 m (43 ft)
Federal subjectKrasnoyarsk Krai

Administratively this island belongs to the Krasnoyarsk Krai Federal subject of Russia and is part of the Great Arctic State Nature Reserve, the largest nature reserve of Russia.[2]


Hovgaard Island is located in the southwestern area of the archipelago on the northern side of the Matisen Strait. The island is 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) long and has a maximum width of little less than 1 kilometer (0.62 mi) in its southern part.[3]

It is part of the Vilkitsky Islands (острова Вилькицкого) —also known as 'Dzhekman Islands'— subgroup of the Nordenskiöld Archipelago. The closest islands are Dzhekman Island 3.4 kilometers (2.1 mi) to the northwest and Ovalnyy Island 2.3 kilometers (1.4 mi) to the northeast. Hovgaard Island lies about 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) north of Nansen Island and less than 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) northwest of the NW point of Taymyr Island across the Matisen Strait.[3]

The climate in the archipelago is severe and the sea surrounding the island is covered with fast ice in the winter and often obstructed by pack ice even in the summer.[4]


In 1900, the islands of the Nordenskiöld Archipelago were explored by Russian Navy Captain Fyodor Matisen during the Polar Expedition on behalf of the Imperial Russian Academy of Sciences led by geologist Baron Eduard Von Toll aboard ship Zarya.

This island was named after Andreas Hovgaard, a Polar explorer and officer of the Danish Navy who led an expedition to the Kara Sea on steamship Dijmphna in 1882-83.[5][6]

Further reading


  1. "Ostrov Khovgarda". Mapcarta. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  2. Nature Reserve Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. Google Earth
  4. Fast ice conditions near the Nordenskjold Archipelago
  5. Armstrong, T., The Russians in the Arctic, London, 1958.
  6. Early Soviet Exploration
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