Horten H.IV

The Horten H.IV was a German tailless flying wing glider in which the pilot was to lie in a prone position to reduce the frontal area, and hence drag. It was designed by Reimar and Walter Horten in Göttingen. Four were built between 1941 and 1943. They were flown in a number of unofficial competitions in Germany during World War II. After the war the flying examples were transported to the United Kingdom and the United States where several contest successes were achieved.

Horten H.IV
Horten H.IV in the Deutsches Museum at Schleissheim, Munich
Role Glider
Manufacturer Horten
Designer Reimar and Walter Horten
Number built 4

The H.IV was allocated the RLM ID number 8-251 and by inference Horten Ho 251 though this was little used in practice.[1]

Specifications

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 3.81 m (12 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.3 m (66 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 18.9 m2 (203 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 21.8
  • Empty weight: 250 kg (551 lb)
  • Gross weight: 330 kg (728 lb)
  • Airfoil thickness: 16% T/C ratio
  • Sweepback at LE: 20 degrees

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 200 km/h (120 mph, 110 kn)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 32 at 73 km/h (45 mph) and 17.5 kg/m2 (3.6 lb/sq ft)
  • Rate of sink: 0.5 m/s (98 ft/min) at 60 km/h (37 mph) and 17.5 kg/m2 (3.6 lb/sq ft)
  • Wing loading: 17.5 kg/m2 (3.6 lb/sq ft)
  • Towing speed: 55 km/h (34 mph)
  • Landing speed: 55 km/h (34 mph)

See also

Related development

Related lists

References

  1. Parsch, Andreas. "German Military Aircraft Designations (1933-1945)". www.designation-systems.net. Retrieved 29 January 2019.
  2. Horten, Reimar; Peter F. Selinger (1985). Nürflugel (in German) (1st ed.). Graz: H. Wieshaupt Verlag. pp. 59–93. ISBN 3 900310 09 2.

Further reading

  • Simons, Martin (2006). Sailplanes 1920-1945 (2nd revised ed.). Konigswinter: EQIP Werbung & Verlag GmbH. pp. 143–146. ISBN 3 9806773 4 6.
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