Honorary titles of Russia

Honorary titles of the Russian Federation (Russian: Почётные звания Российской Федерации) are titles given to citizens of the Russian Federation for professional and/or social achievements, but can be revoked by a vote in the State Duma. Rejection of honorary titles cannot be veto'd by the President. The word Russian: "Заслуженный" translates as "Merited".

During the period of the Soviet Union, a system of professional honorary titles was created to be used across the USSR to recognize outstanding personal professional achievements. The awards were also used in some other Eastern bloc states and communist countries. Post-Soviet states modelled some of their awards on the Soviet award system.

On 30 December 1995, Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed Presidential Decree № 1341[1] on the establishment of the system of honorary titles of the Russian Federation. Prior to that, the legal acts referred to honorary titles of the RSFSR. Most of the Soviet awards have been retained in the Russian Federation.

List of honorary titles

  1. Hero of the Russian Federation
  2. Hero of Labour of the Russian Federation
  3. Pilot-Cosmonaut of the Russian Federation[2]
  4. Merited Military Pilot of the Russian Federation[2]
  5. Merited Military Navigator of the Russian Federation[2]
  6. People's Artist of the Russian Federation[1]
  7. Merited Agronomist of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  8. Merited Architect of the Russian Federation[1]
  9. Merited Veterinarian of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  10. Merited Military Specialist of the Russian Federation[1]
  11. Merited Doctor of the Russian Federation[1]
  12. Merited Geologist of the Russian Federation[1]
  13. Merited Worker of the Arts Industry of the Russian Federation[1]
  14. Merited Scholar of the Russian Federation[1]
  15. Merited Land Surveyor of the Russian Federation[1]
  16. Merited Livestock Specialist of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  17. Merited Inventor of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  18. Merited Builder of the Russian Federation[1]
  19. Merited Forestry Specialist of the Russian Federation[1]
  20. Merited Test Pilot of the Russian Federation[1]
  21. Merited Master of Vocational Training of the Russian Federation[1]
  22. Merited Engineer of the Russian Federation[1]
  23. Merited Ameliorator the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  24. Merited Metallurgist of the Russian Federation[1]
  25. Merited Meteorologist Russian Federation[1]
  26. Merited Metrologist of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  27. Merited Agricultural Engineer of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  28. Merited Pilot of the Russian Federation[1]
  29. Merited Worker of Public Services of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  30. Merited Worker of Geodesy and Cartography of the Russian Federation[1]
  31. Merited Worker of Housing and Communal Services of the Russian Federation[1]
  32. Merited Worker of Health Services of the Russian Federation[1]
  33. Merited Worker of Culture of the Russian Federation[1]
  34. Merited Worker of the Forest Industry of the Russian Federation[1]
  35. Merited Worker of the Oil and Gas Industry of the Russian Federation[1]
  36. Merited Worker of the Food Industry of the Russian Federation[1]
  37. Merited Worker of Fisheries of the Russian Federation[1]
  38. Merited Worker of Communications of the Russian Federation[1]
  39. Merited Worker of Agriculture of the Russian Federation[1]
  40. Merited Worker of Social Services of the Russian Federation[1]
  41. Merited Worker of the Textile and Light Industries of the Russian Federation[1]
  42. Merited Worker of the Trade Industry of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  43. Merited Worker of the Transport Industry of the Russian Federation[1]
  44. Merited Worker of Physical Culture of the Russian Federation[1]
  45. Merited Innovator of the Russian Federation[1] (abolished)[3]
  46. Merited Rescuer of the Russian Federation[1]
  47. Merited Builder of the Russian Federation[1]
  48. Merited Teacher of the Russian Federation[1]
  49. Merited Chemist of the Russian Federation[1]
  50. Merited Artist of the Russian Federation[1]
  51. Merited Miner of the Russian Federation[1]
  52. Merited Navigator of the Russian Federation[1]
  53. Merited Test Navigator of the Russian Federation[1]
  54. Merited Ecologist of the Russian Federation[1]
  55. Merited Economist of the Russian Federation[1]
  56. Merited Engineer of the Power Industry of the Russian Federation[1]
  57. Merited Lawyer of the Russian Federation[1]
  58. Merited Worker of Higher Education of the Russian Federation[4]
  59. Merited Border Guard of the Russian Federation[5] (abolished)[3]
  60. Merited Officer of the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation[5]
  61. Merited Officer of federal Security Organs of the Russian Federation[5]
  62. Merited Member of the Diplomatic Service of the Russian Federation[6]
  63. Merited Officer of the Interior Ministry of the Russian Federation[6]
  64. People's Architect of the Russian Federation[7]
  65. People's Teacher of the Russian Federation[7]
  66. People's Architect of the Russian Federation[8]
  67. Merited Worker of the Rocket and Space Industry of the Russian Federation[9]
  68. Merited Customs Officer of the Russian Federation[10]
  69. Merited Employee of State Security Organs of the Russian Federation[11]
  70. Merited Worker of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation[3]
  71. Merited Employee of Drug Control Authorities of the Russian Federation[3]
  72. Merited Inventor of the Russian Federation[12]
  73. Merited Employee of the Investigative Authorities of the Russian Federation[13]
  74. Merited Worker of the Nuclear Industry of the Russian Federation[14]

See also

Sources

References

  1. "Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 30 December 1995 № 1341". Kremlin.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  2. "Law of the Russian Federation on March 20, 1992 № 2555-I". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  3. "Presidential Decree of 7 September 2010 № 1099". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  4. "Presidential Decree of 25 January 1996 № 88". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  5. "Presidential Decree of 28 May 1997 № 530". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  6. "Presidential Decree of 30 March 1998 № 319". Kremlin.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  7. "Presidential Decree of 21 November 1999 № 1546". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  8. "Presidential Decree of 2 March 2000 № 463". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  9. "Presidential Decree of 9 April 2001 № 407". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  10. "Presidential Decree of 5 October 2001 № 1192". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  11. "Presidential Decree of 23 December 2001 № 1474". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  12. "Presidential Decree of 24 October 2012 № 1436". Kremlin.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  13. "Presidential Decree of 26 June 2013 № 582". Russian Gazette (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  14. "Presidential Decree of 16 March 2015 number 133". Kremlin.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 10 December 2019.

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