Hong Kong Film Award
The Hong Kong Film Awards (HKFA; Chinese: 香港電影金像獎), founded in 1982, is an annual film awards ceremony in Hong Kong. The ceremonies are typically in April. The awards recognise achievement in various aspects of filmmaking, such as directing, screenwriting, acting and cinematography. The awards are the Hong Kong equivalent to the American Academy Awards.
|Hong Kong Film Award|
|Awarded for||Achievements in filmmaking|
|Presented by||Hong Kong Film Awards Association Ltd|
|Reward(s)||Hong Kong Film Award statuette|
|First awarded||9 March 1982|
The HKFA, incorporated into Hong Kong Film Awards Association Ltd. since December 1993, are currently managed by a board of directors, which consists of representatives from thirteen professional film bodies in Hong Kong. Voting on eligible films for the HKFA is conducted January through March every year and is open to all registered voters, which include local film workers as well as critics, and a selected group of adjudicators.
The Hong Kong Film Awards are open to all Hong Kong films which are longer than an hour and commercially released in Hong Kong within the previous calendar year. A film qualifies as a Hong Kong film if it satisfies two of the three criteria, namely: the film director is a Hong Kong resident, at least one film company is registered in Hong Kong, and at least six persons of the production crew are Hong Kong residents. Since 2002, the HKFA also feature a Best Asian Film category, which accepts non-Hong Kong films which are commercially released in Hong Kong.
In January each year, a first round of election, open to all registered voters and a selected group of 100 professional adjudicators, is held to determine the five nominees for each award category. In the rare case where there is a tie between two nominees within the top five slots, six nominees will be allowed. Nominations are usually announced in February, after which a second round of election is held to determine the winner. Voting in the second round is open to a group of 50 professional adjudicators, Executive Committee members of the HKFA, as well as members of the thirteen professional film bodies. Each voting group holds a percentage of the ultimate score for each nominee, and each film body holds a higher share in the categories associated with it.
Board of directors
The Board of Directors consists of representatives from thirteen professional film bodies in Hong Kong, listed below.
- City Entertainment
- Hong Kong Kowloon and New Territories Motion Picture Industry Association
- Hong Kong Film Directors' Guild
- Hong Kong Theatres Association
- Hong Kong Society of Cinematographers
- Hong Kong Movie Production Executives Association
- Hong Kong Cinematography Lighting Association
- Hong Kong Stuntman Association
- Hong Kong Screen Writer's Guild
- Hong Kong Performing Artistes Guild
- Hong Kong Film Arts Association
- Hong Kong Society of Film Editors
- Hong Kong Chamber of Films
The Hong Kong Film Awards currently feature 19 regular categories, listed below.
- Best Film
- Best Director
- Best Screenplay
- Best Actor
- Best Actress
- Best Supporting Actor
- Best Supporting Actress
- Best New Performer
- Best New Director
- Best Cinematography
- Best Film Editing
- Best Art Direction
- Best Costume Make Up Design
- Best Action Choreography
- Most wins for a film: The Grandmaster — won 12 awards in 2014, including Best Film, Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actress, Best Supporting Actor, Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, Best Art Direction, Best Costume & Make Up Design, Best Action Choreography, Best Sound Design and Best Original Film Score.
- Most wins for Best Director: Ann Hui — awarded 6 times in 1983, 1996, 2009, 2012 and 2015, 2018.
- Most wins for Best Actor: Tony Leung Chiu Wai — awarded 5 times in 1995, 1998, 2001, 2003 and 2005.
- Most wins for Best Actress: Maggie Cheung — awarded 5 times in 1990, 1993, 1997, 1998 and 2001.
- Most wins for Best Supporting Actor: Tony Leung Chiu Wai, Paul Chun, Anthony Wong Chau Sang, Liu Kai-Chi, and Eric Tsang with 2 times each.
- Most nominations for a film: Bodyguards and Assassins - received 18 nominations in 2010 and won 8 including Best Film.
- Most nominations for Best Director: Johnnie To — nominated 16 times between his first nomination in 1990 and his latest in 2012.
- Most nominations for Best Actor: Chow Yun-fat — nominated 14 times between his first nomination in 1985 and his latest in 2019.
- Most nominations for Best Actress: Maggie Cheung — nominated 9 times between her first nomination in 1989 and her latest in 2003.
- Most nominations without win: Jackie Chan — nominated for Best Actor 10 times between 1985 and 2005, and not a single win.
- Most consecutive wins in the same category: Arthur Wong, awarded Best Cinematography in 1998, 1999 and 2000.
- First winner: Kara Hui — awarded Best Actress in the 1st Hong Kong Film Awards, making her the first recipient of the Hong Kong Film Awards.
- First winner: Anita Mui — awarded Best Supporting Actress in 1985, for her role in film Behind the Yellow Line
- First non-Hong Kong resident winner: Song Hongrong — born in Mainland China, awarded Best Art Direction in 1984.
- First non-Hong Kong resident winner for Best Actor: Jet Li — born in Mainland China, awarded Best Actor in 2008 for his role in film The Warlords.
- First non-Hong Kong resident winner for Best Actress: Siqin Gaowa — born in Mainland China, awarded Best Actress in 1985 for her role in film Homecoming.
Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures
To celebrate a century of Chinese cinema, the Hong Kong Film Awards unveiled a list of Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures (which in fact includes 103 films) during the 24th Hong Kong Film Awards ceremony on 27 March 2005. The list, selected by a panel of 101 filmmakers, critics and scholars, includes 24 films from Mainland China (11 from pre-1949 and 13 from post-1949), 61 from Hong Kong, 16 from Taiwan, and 2 co-productions.
|1||Spring in a Small Town||1948||China||Mandarin||Fei Mu|
|2||A Better Tomorrow||1986||Hong Kong||Cantonese||John Woo|
|3||Days of Being Wild||1990||Hong Kong||Cantonese (+)||Wong Kar-wai|
|4||Yellow Earth||1984||China||Mandarin||Chen Kaige|
|5||City of Sadness||1989||Taiwan||Taiwanese (+)||Hou Hsiao-hsien|
|6||Long Arm of the Law||1984||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Johnny Mak|
|7||Dragon Gate Inn||1967||Taiwan||Mandarin||King Hu|
|8||Boat People||1982||Hong Kong||Cantonese (+)||Ann Hui|
|9||A Touch of Zen||1971||Taiwan||Mandarin||King Hu|
|10||Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon||2000||China/Hong Kong/Taiwan/USA||Mandarin||Ang Lee|
|11||Street Angel||1937||China||Mandarin||Yuan Muzhi|
|12||A Brighter Summer Day||1991||Taiwan||Mandarin (+)||Edward Yang|
|13||The Private Eyes||1976||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Michael Hui|
|14||The Mission||1999||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Johnnie To|
|15||One-Armed Swordsman||1967||Hong Kong||Mandarin||Chang Cheh|
|16||Fist of Fury||1972||Hong Kong||Mandarin / English||Lo Wei|
|17||In the Heat of the Sun||1994||China||Mandarin||Jiang Wen|
|18||In the Face of Demolition||1953||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Lee Tit|
|19||A Chinese Odyssey||1995||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin||Jeffery Lau|
|20||The Arch||1970||Hong Kong||Mandarin||Tang Shu Shuen|
|21||Rouge||1987||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Stanley Kwan|
|22||Chungking Express||1994||Hong Kong||Cantonese (+)||Wong Kar-wai|
|23||Homecoming||1984||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin||Yim Ho|
|24||The Time to Live and the Time to Die||1985||Taiwan||Mandarin / Taiwanese||Hou Hsiao-hsien|
|25||Red Sorghum||1987||China||Mandarin||Zhang Yimou|
|26||Father and Son||1981||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Allen Fong|
|27||The Spring River Flows East||1947||China||Mandarin||Cai Chusheng, Zheng Junli|
|28||Comrades: Almost a Love Story||1996||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Peter Chan|
|29||The Goddess||1934||China||(Silent)||Wu Yonggang|
|30||The Big Road||1934||China||(Silent)||Sun Yu|
|31||The Secret||1979||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Ann Hui|
|32||Infernal Affairs||2002||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Andrew Lau, Alan Mak|
|33||Drunken Master||1978||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Yuen Woo-Ping|
|34||The Butterfly Murders||1979||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Tsui Hark|
|35||Ashes of Time||1994||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Wong Kar-wai|
|36||Made in Hong Kong||1997||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Fruit Chan|
|37||Sorrows of the Forbidden City||1948||China||Mandarin||Zhu Shilin|
|38||The Love Eterne||1963||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin||Li Han-Hsiang|
|39||Story of a Discharged Prisoner||1967||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Patrick Lung Kong|
|40||Zu Warriors||1983||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Tsui Hark|
|41||Terrorizers||1986||Taiwan||Mandarin / Taiwanese||Edward Yang|
|42||The Killer||1989||Hong Kong||Cantonese||John Woo|
|43||Once Upon a Time in China||1991||Hong Kong||Cantonese / English||Tsui Hark|
|44||Center Stage||1992||Hong Kong||Mandarin (+)||Stanley Kwan|
|45||The Story of Qiu Ju||1992||China||Mandarin||Zhang Yimou|
|46||This Life of Mine||1950||China||Mandarin||Shi Hui|
|47||Kingdom and the Beauty||1959||Hong Kong||Mandarin||Li Han Hsiang|
|48||The Winter||1969||Taiwan||Mandarin||Li Han Hsiang|
|49||An Autumn's Tale||1987||Hong Kong||Cantonese (+)||Mabel Cheung|
|50||A Chinese Ghost Story||1987||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Ching Siu-Tung|
|51||The Purple Hairpin||1959||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Lee Tit|
|52||The Orphan||1960||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Lee Sun-Fung|
|53||Two Stage Sisters||1965||China||Mandarin||Xie Jin|
|54||City on Fire||1987||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin||Ringo Lam|
|55||Farewell My Concubine||1993||Hong Kong/China||Mandarin||Chen Kaige|
|56||Yi Yi||2000||Taiwan||Mandarin / Taiwanese||Edward Yang|
|57||Cold Nights||1955||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Lee Sun-fung|
|58||At Dawn||1967||Taiwan||Sung Tsun-Shou|
|59||Raining in the Mountain||1979||Taiwan||Mandarin||King Hu|
|60||Police Story||1985||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Jackie Chan|
|61||C'est la vie, mon chéri||1993||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Derek Yee|
|62||The Wedding Banquet||1993||Taiwan||Mandarin / English||Ang Lee|
|64||The Wild, Wild Rose||1960||Hong Kong||Mandarin||Wang Tian-Lin|
|65||The Great Devotion||1960||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Chor Yuen|
|66||My Intimate Partner||1960||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Kim Chun|
|67||Dangerous Encounters of the First Kind||1980||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Tsui Hark|
|68||Ah Ying / Ban Bian Ren||1983||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin / English||Allen Fong|
|69||Durian Durian||2000||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin||Fruit Chan|
|70||Little Toys||1933||China||(Silent)||Sun Yu|
|71||Ai le zhongnian||1949||China||Mandarin||Sang Hu|
|72||The House of 72 Tenants||1973||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Chor Yuen|
|73||Nomad||1982||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Patrick Tam|
|74||Dust in the Wind||1986||Taiwan||Hou Hsiao-hsien|
|75||92 Legendary La Rose Noire||1992||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Jeffrey Lau|
|76||Shaolin Soccer||2001||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Stephen Chow|
|77||Song at Midnight||1937||China||Mandarin||Ma-Xu Weibang|
|78||China Behind||1974||Hong Kong||Tang Shu Shuen|
|79||The Spooky Bunch||1980||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Ann Hui|
|80||Taipei Story||1985||Taiwan||Mandarin||Edward Yang|
|81||The Blue Kite||1993||China||Mandarin||Tian Zhuangzhuang|
|82||Long Live the Missus!||1948||China||Mandarin||Sang Hu|
|83||Mambo Girl||1957||Hong Kong||Mandarin||Yi Wen|
|84||Feast of a Rich Family||1959||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Lee Sun-Fung, Lee Tit, Ng Wui, Lo Ji-Hung|
|85||Execution in Autumn||1972||Taiwan||Mandarin||Lee Hsing|
|86||Hibiscus Town||1986||China||Mandarin||Xie Jin|
|87||God of Gamblers||1989||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Wong Jing|
|88||As Tears Go By||1988||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Mandarin||Wong Kar-wai|
|89||Happy Together||1997||Hong Kong||Mandarin / Cantonese / Spanish||Wong Kar-wai|
|90||In the Mood for Love||2000||Hong Kong||Cantonese / Shanghainese||Wong Kar-wai|
|91||Myriad of Lights||1948||China||Mandarin||Shen Fu|
|92||Festival Moon||1953||Hong Kong||Mandarin||Zhu Shilin|
|93||Parents' Hearts||1955||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Kim Chun|
|94||Lin Zexu||1959||China||Mandarin||Zheng Junli, Cen Fan|
|95||Dream of the Red Chamber||1962||China||Mandarin||Cen Fan|
|96||Digital Master||1983||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Kirk Wong|
|97||Shanghai Blues||1984||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Tsui Hark|
|98||The Eight Diagram Pole Fighter||1984||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Lau Kar-Leung|
|99||The Black Cannon Incident||1985||China||Mandarin||Huang Jianxin|
|100||Rebels of the Neon God||1992||Taiwan||Mandarin / Taiwanese||Tsai Ming-liang|
|101||The Puppetmaster||1993||Taiwan||Mandarin / Taiwanese / Japanese||Hou Hsiao-hsien|
|102||Summer Snow||1995||Hong Kong||Cantonese||Ann Hui|
|103||Not One Less||1998||China||Mandarin||Zhang Yimou|
- "Mainland blocks Hong Kong Film Awards as Trivisa wins top prize". Scmp.com. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "4th Hong Kong Film Awards" (in Chinese). Official website of Hong Kong Film Awards.
- "Hong Kong Film Awards to celebrate Chinese cinema". China Daily. 12 December 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
- "The Best 100 Chinese Motion Pictures" (in Chinese). Hong Kong Film Award. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- "The 26th Hong Kong Film Awards - Rules of Election". Retrieved on 2007-04-21.
- 香港电影金像奖，不少经典片段 - The Hong Kong Film Awards: Many classic moments, a news article about The 30th Hong Kong Film Awards, Thinking Chinese.