Holapogon maximus, the titan cardinalfish, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Apogonidae, the cardinalfishes. This species is the only known member of the genus Holapogon.[1] It is native to the Arabian coast and the Gulf of Oman, and it has recently been recorded from the coast of India.[2] It lives at depths of from 83 to 100 m (272 to 328 ft). This species grows to a total length of 25 cm (9.8 in).

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Kurtiformes
Family: Apogonidae
Subfamily: Apogoninae
Genus: Holapogon
T. H. Fraser, 1973
H. maximus
Binomial name
Holapogon maximus
(Boulenger, 1888)


  1. Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. (2014): Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa, 3846 (2): 151–203.
  2. Said Koya, K.P., Akhilesh, K.V. & Bineesh, K.K. (2001): A new record of Titan cardinalfish, Holapogon maximus (Apogonidae) along the south-west coast of India. Marine Biodiversity Records, 4: e36.
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