Drayton Road, Hodnet
|OS grid reference||SJ613286|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Market Drayton|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
Hodnet's name has Celtic origins derived from the Welsh hawdd meaning pleasant or peaceful and nant, a glen or valley in Old Welsh.
Evidence of a Bronze Age burial site was discovered during construction of the bypass in 2002.
The Anglo-Saxon settlement, which had a chapel, was the centre of Odenet, a royal manor belonging to Edward the Confessor and held by Roger de Montgomery who supported William the Conqueror after 1066. Hodnet was recorded in the Domesday Book as Odenet.
Baldwin de Hodenet built a motte and bailey castle in about 1082 possibly on a moated mound from earlier times. The timber castle was rebuilt in sandstone around 1196 but was burned down in 1264. Hodnet Castle was mentioned in a document of 1223. Odo de Hodnet was granted the right to hold a weekly fair and an annual market by Henry III in the mid-13th century and the village grew to the north and east of the castle by the 12th-century church.
In 1752 the estate passed from the Vernons, who had lived there for 250 years to the Hebers whose descendants still own the property. Hodnet Old Hall was a timber-framed manor house surrounded by the park which was recorded on Christopher Saxton's Map of Shropshire in the late-16th century. The old hall was demolished in 1870 when a new hall in the neo-Elizabethan style was built. The gardens were developed in the 1920s. In the 20th century the hall was used as a convalescent hospital during the world wars and in World War II there was an airfield in the grounds for the storage and dispersal of aircraft from Ternhill and RAF Shawbury.
Hodnet was the meeting place of an Anglo-Saxon hundred which continued to function after the Norman Conquest. Hodnet is recorded in the Domesday Book as Odenet, and the village's 17th-century Hundred House was named for this reason. Its hundred court was merged and moved, during the reign of King Henry I (1100–1135), into the Hundred of North Bradford, which was active until the late-19th century.
Hodnet was the centre of a large ecclesiastical parish containing the hamlets of Little Bolas, Hawkstone, Hopton, Kenstone, Losford, Marchamley, Peplow, and Wollerton and the chapelries of Weston-under-Redcastle and Wixhill. Under the terms of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, it was part of the Drayton Poor Law Union, electing two members to its Board of Guardians. Hodnet has had a parish council since 1895.
Shropshire Council, a Unitary authority is responsible for local government services in Hodnet. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 4,429. The village is in the North Shropshire parliamentary constituency.
Hodnet is on the A53 road from Shrewsbury to Newcastle-under-Lyme and the Staffordshire Potteries. The ancient parish covered 10,700 acres of fertile arable land. The underlying geology consists of red Bridgnorth Sandstone which is covered with glacial till forming a rolling landscape while the flood plain of the River Tern is flat. Marl deposited by retreating glaciers was dug for fertilizer and the resultant marl pits are now wildlife habitats.
The four-mile Hodnet bypass, the A53 opened in 2003 at a cost £14 million, taking traffic on the old A53 and A442 roads away from the village's narrow streets. It was built by contractors Alfred McAlpine.
Hodnet Station was a stop on the Wellington and Market Drayton Railway, which opened in 1867 and was operated by the Great Western Railway. Lack of use forced the line to close to passenger traffic on 9 September 1963, and to freight four years later.
Hodnet is served by the 64 route, operated by Arriva Midlands North, which runs between Shrewsbury and Market Drayton via Shawbury. Once at Market Drayton, some 64 bus services form a 164 service and continue on to Hanley in Staffordshire.
|Arriva Midlands North||64||Shrewsbury → Shawbury → Hodnet → Tern Hill → Market Drayton||Some services continue to Hanley via Newcastle-under-Lyme.|
St Luke's Church has an early foundation and retains much of its Norman nave. It was extended in the 14th century and its octagonal tower dates from this time. The church was restored in 1846. The church has some notable stained glass windows including one by David Evans depicting the evangelists and is connected with the story of the Holy Grail of Arthurian legend.
The village also has two shops and the Bear at Hodnet public house. There is a florist and a crockery shop.
- Sir Rowland Hill (c.1495–1561) the first Protestant Lord Mayor of London. He was a merchant, statesman and philanthropist.
- Elizabeth Wriothesley, Countess of Southampton (1572–1655) lady-in-waiting of Elizabeth I
- Reginald Heber (1783–1826) hymn writer, Rector of Hodnet 1807-1823 and Bishop of Calcutta
- George Campbell Macaulay (1852–1915) a noted English Classical scholar
- William Herrick Macaulay (1853–1936) a British mathematician
- Reginald Macaulay (1858–1937) a footballer with Old Etonians F.C. who played in three FA Cup Finals
- Mary Cholmondeley (1859–1925) an English novelist, lived in Hodnet until about 1896.
- Tom Bush (1914–1969) an English footballer who played 61 games for Liverpool.
FC Hodnet, a football club formed for the 2007-08 season, played at the Hodnet Social Club. The club won the Shropshire Alliance football league on 10 May 2008 and then competed in the Shropshire County Premier Football League, which became the Mercian Regional Football League since the 2008-09 season onwards. Starting in Division One, after two seasons the team were promoted to the Premier Division in 2010. The following year FC Hodnet won the Premier Division Cup, beating Haughmond in the final at Ellesmere. FC Hodnet folded at the end of the 2016/17 season.
Hodnet Social Football Club, originating in the late 1990s, competed in the Telford Sunday League until 2012.
Hodnet Football Club was re-established in 2018 and now competes in the Shrewsbury Sunday League. In their first season they won the Jason Bramall Cup and will compete in Division 2 for the 2019/20 season.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- Key to English Place-Names, the University of Nottingham, retrieved 31 May 2013
- Hodnet – a brief history, Hodnet Parish Council, retrieved 1 June 2013
- Historic England, "Motte and bailey castle on Castle Hill, and the associated remains of a park pale, a fishpond and a formal garden (1019653)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 31 May 2013
- Historic England, "Hodnet Hall (1001125)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 June 2013
- Open Domesday Online: Hodnet
- British History Online: Bradford Hundred
- Hodnet Shropshire, Great Britain Historical GIS, retrieved 2 June 2013
- (Market) Drayton, Shropshire, workhouses.org.uk, retrieved 31 May 2013
- Parish Council, hodnet.org.uk/, retrieved 31 May 2013
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1848), "Hodnet (St. Peter and St. Paul)", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 524–527, retrieved 31 May 2013
- Geology, Hodnet Parish Council, retrieved 1 June 2013
- Get your kicks on the A53, BBC, retrieved 2 June 2013
- Hodnet Church, hodnetparish.org, archived from the original on 8 October 2013, retrieved 31 May 2013
- (In German) Hildegard Hammerschmidt-Hummel: Das Geheimnis um Shakespeares 'Dark Lady'. Dokumentation einer Enthüllung Darmstadt: Primus-Verlag 1999 ISBN 3-89678-141-3
- Warsop, Keith (2004). The Early FA Cup Finals and the Southern Amateurs. Tony Brown Soccerdata. pp. 102–103. ISBN 1-899468-78-1.
- Literary Heritage West Midlands...; Mary Cholmondeley site by biographer Carolyn Oulton:
- The FA Archived 8 July 2012 at Archive.today (Full-Time League Websites) Haughmond 1 - 2 FC Hodnet
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hodnet.|