Hippolyte Passy

Hippolyte Philibert Passy (15 October 1793 – 1 June 1880)[1] was a French cavalry officer, economist and politician.

Hippolyte Philibert Passy
Deputy of Louviers
In office
Minister of Finance
In office
10 November 1834  18 November 1834
Minister of Finance
In office
2 August 1836  6 September 1836
Minister of Finance
In office
12 May 1839  29 February 1840
Minister of Commerce
In office
22 February 1836  5 September 1836
Personal details
Born(1793-10-15)15 October 1793
Died1 June 1880(1880-06-01) (aged 86)
Spouse(s)Claire Fourmont-Tournay
  • Edgar Passy
MotherJaquette Pauline Hélène d’Aure
FatherLouis François Passy

Early life

Passy was born into a aristocratic Catholic family.[2]:41 His father, Louis François Passy,[3]:5 was recevuer general des finances (Receiver General of Finance), an important office in the Ancien Régime.[4]:222 His mother was Jaquette Pauline Hélène d’Aure.[5] Her brother, the Count d'Aure, was a riding master who fought for France in Egypt and Saint-Domingue.[2]:35

One of his brothers, Justin Félix, was a solider and the father of Nobel Peace Prize winner Frédéric Passy.[2]:35 Another brother, Antoine François, was a botanist and geologist.[6]:10

Military career

In 1809, Passy joined the Cavalry School in Saumur.[7] He joined the French military in 1812,[7] and took part in Napoleon's Russian campaign.[2]:35 After leaving the military, Passy was a journalist until 1830.[7]

Political career

In October 1830, he was elected Deputy for Louviers.[7][1] After joining the Moderate Liberals, he served as reporter on the 1831 and 1835 Budgets.[7]

Passy held various ministerial positions in the July Monarchy and the French Second Republic.[2]:35 He served as Minister of Finance on several occasions:

  • 10 November 1834 – 18 November 1834[8]:113
  • 2 August 1836 – 6 September 1836 (acting)[8]:113
  • 12 May 1839 – 29 February 1840[8]:114

From 1835 to 1839, he was Vice-President of the Chamber.[7] During this time, he also served as Minister of Commerce from 22 February 1836 until 5 September 1836.[8]:131 From 16 April 1839 until 12 May 1839, he was President of the Chamber of Deputies.[1]

In 1843, Passy joined the Chamber of Peers.[9] He became Minister of Finance again during the 1849 Presidency of Napoleon III, and retired from politics after the 1851 coup d'état.[7]

In 1878, he was president of the International Congress on Provident Societies, a group dedicated to discussing economics and finance.[10]

Personal life

Passy married Claire Fourmont-Tournay, the daughter of Gisors's mayor, Eustache Fourmont-Tournay.[11]:255 They had a son, Edgar, who worked in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as an embassy secretary.[12] He was a member of the Société de l'histoire de France, nominated by Jules Desnoyers and his uncle Antoine.[12]

Both Passy and his brother Antoine were lifelong friends of Hortense Allart, the Italian-French writer.[6]:10 They met while visiting Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély's widow near Paris.[6]:241 The brothers were helpful in helping Allart's husband become a local government architect.[6]:179

Selected works

  • Des causes de l'inégalité des richesses. Paris: Pagnerre. 1848.
  • Des formes de gouvernement et des lois qui les régissent. Paris: Librairie Guillaumin et cie. 1876.


  1. "Hippolyte, Philibert Passy - Base de données des députés français depuis 1789 - Assemblée nationale". www2.assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  2. Clinton, Michael. "Frédéric Passy: Patriotic Pacifist" (PDF). Journal of Historical Biography. University of the Fraser Valley. 2 (1). ISSN 1911-8538. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  3. "Mémoires de la Société historique et archéologique de l'arrondissement de Pontoise et du Vexin". Société historique et archéologique de Pontoise, du Val-d'Oise et du Vexin. 1916.
  4. Garrioch, David (1996). The Formation of the Parisian Bourgeoisie, 1690-1830. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674309371. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  5. "PASSY Antoine François | Cour des comptes". www.ccomptes.fr (in French). Retrieved 2 November 2019.
  6. Hansen, Helynne Hollstein (1998). Hortense Allart: The Woman and the Novelist. University Press of America. ISBN 9780761812135. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  7. "Obituary". The Times (29898). 3 June 1880. p. 8.
  8. France, Société de l'Histoire de (1842). Annuaire historique pour l'année 1843 (in French). Paris: Renouard. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  9. "The Paris papers of Sunday". The Times (18483). 19 December 1843. p. 4.
  10. "Latest Intelligence". The Times (29293). 28 June 1878. p. 5.
  11. Hersan, P. F. D. (1858). Histoire de la ville de Gisors (in French). Gisors: Lapierre. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  12. Société de l'histoire de France, Volume 145 (in French). Paris: Jules Renouard. 1868. p. 33. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
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