Hilary and Jackie
Hilary and Jackie is a 1998 British biographical film directed by Anand Tucker, starring Emily Watson and Rachel Griffiths as the British classical musician sisters Jacqueline du Pré (cello) and Hilary du Pré (flute). The film covers Jacqueline's meteoric rise to fame, her alleged affair with Hilary's husband Christopher Finzi, and her struggle with multiple sclerosis starting in her late 20s.
|Hilary and Jackie|
UK theatrical poster
|Directed by||Anand Tucker|
|Produced by||Nicolas Kent|
|Screenplay by||Frank Cottrell Boyce|
|Music by||Barrington Pheloung|
|Edited by||Martin Walsh|
|Distributed by||Channel 4 Films (UK)|
October Films (U.S.)
|Box office||US$4,912,892 (U.S.)|
The screenplay by Frank Cottrell-Boyce is often claimed to have been based on the 1997 memoir A Genius in the Family by Piers and Hilary du Pré (later republished under the title Hilary and Jackie). However, that memoir had not yet been published when Hilary and Jackie was being filmed. Cottrell-Boyce stated, "Hilary was working on the book at the same time as I was working on the film ... it was at a very early stage when we were doing the script." The film was instead based on conversations with Hilary and Piers; unlike the book it does not claim to be the true story, and contains some fictionalised incidents.
The film attracted controversy and criticism for allegedly distorting details in Jacqueline's life, and several personal friends of Jacqueline du Pré publicly condemned the film. Hilary du Pré publicly defended her version of the story.
In 1960s London, sisters Hilary and Jacqueline "Jackie" du Pré both pursue musical professions after being instructed throughout their childhoods in music by their mother; the flute for Hilary, and the cello for Jackie. Though Jackie rebelled against practising as a child, she became a virtuoso in early adulthood, quickly rising to international prominence.
While Jackie tours throughout Europe, Hilary remains in London with her parents and brother, Piers, and struggles in her musical studies at the Royal Academy of Music. She becomes acquainted with a gregarious fellow student, Christopher "Kiffer" Finzi, son of composer Gerald Finzi, and the two begin a romantic relationship. Hilary begins playing in a community orchestra, where she garners local fame. Jackie returns home from touring in Moscow, and pleads with Hilary to share a flat with her. Instead, Hilary marries Kiffer, and the two relocate to a farmhouse in the country to start a family. Meanwhile, Jackie begins dating pianist and conductor Daniel Barenboim, with whom she bonds over their mutual love of music. Her eventual conversion to Judaism and subsequent marriage to Daniel garners significant publicity.
Later, Jackie arrives unannounced at Hilary and Kiffer's home, inexplicably forgoing scheduled engagements she has in Los Angeles. She confides to Hilary that she wants to have sex with Kiffer, and makes attempts to seduce him. The next day, Hilary finds Jackie stripped naked in the woods in the midst of an emotional breakdown. Daniel arrives and attempts to console her, but she is indifferent to him. Jackie remains at Hilary's home, and Hilary consents to Jackie having a sexual encounter with Kiffer, hoping it will help her work through her nervous breakdown. This, however, ultimately drives a rift between the sisters as the affair becomes emotionally suffused. Jackie leaves and resumes touring, but yearns for a different life. From Jackie's perspective, Hilary chose a life with Kiffer over their relationship. While Jackie found solace in her marriage to Daniel, she began to notice a subtle yet progressive deterioration of her motor skills and hand-eye coordination. It had in fact been unspoken anxieties over her health that led to her previous visit to Hilary's.
During a live performance, Jackie finds herself unable to stand, and has to be carried offstage by Daniel. She is diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, and Hilary goes to visit her in hospital. Jackie remains optimistic about her diagnosis, but the disease progresses rapidly, leaving her unable to position her fingers or use a bow. Daniel continues to conduct around the world, and Jackie finds he is having an affair. As her disease progresses, she becomes paralysed before becoming deaf and mute. One night, Hilary goes to visit Jackie–who is in the throes of tremors–and recounts a cherished childhood memory of the two playing on the beach. Shortly after, Hilary hears news of Jackie's death on the radio. The film ends with Jackie's spirit standing on the beach where she used to play as a child, watching herself and her sister frolicking on the sand as little girls.
- Rachel Griffiths as Hilary du Pré
- Emily Watson as Jacqueline du Pré
- James Frain as Daniel Barenboim
- David Morrissey as Christopher Finzi
- Charles Dance as Derek du Pré
- Celia Imrie as Iris Greep du Pré, Hilary and Jackie's mother
- Rupert Penry-Jones as Piers du Pré
- Bill Paterson as William Pleeth
- Nyree Dawn Porter as Margot Fonteyn
- Vernon Dobtcheff as Professor Bentley
- Helen Rowe as Instrumentalist
- Keeley Flanders as Young Hilary
- Auriol Evans as Young Jackie
Scenes were filmed in the Blue Coat School, the County Sessions House, George's Dock, St. George's Hall, and the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. Additional scenes were filmed at the Royal Academy of Music and Wigmore Hall in London, and most interiors were shot at the Shepperton Studios in Surrey. Brithdir Mawr, an ancient house in North Wales, was used for location shots of Hilary's house.
Classical pieces performed in the film include compositions by Edward Elgar, Joseph Haydn, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johannes Brahms, César Franck, Matthias Georg Monn, Georg Friedrich Händel, Robert Schumann, Ludwig van Beethoven, and Antonín Dvořák. Jacqueline du Pré's cello in the movie was played and synchronised to Emily Watson's movements by Caroline Dale.
Hilary and Jackie was released theatrically in the United Kingdom on 22 January 1999. In the United States, it premiered on 30 December 1998 in a limited release. In the United States, the film grossed US$4,912,892 at the box office.
In his review in The New York Times, Stephen Holden called the film "one of the most insightful and wrenching portraits of the joys and tribulations of being a classical musician ever filmed" and "an astoundingly rich and subtle exploration of sibling rivalry and the volcanic collisions of love and resentment, competitiveness and mutual dependence that determine their lives." He went on to say "Hilary and Jackie is as beautifully acted as it is directed, edited and written."
In the San Francisco Chronicle, Edward Guthmann stated, "Watson is riveting and heartbreaking. Assisted by Tucker's elegant direction and Boyce's thoughtful, scrupulous writing, she gives a knockout performance."
Anthony Lane of The New Yorker said, "The sense of period, of ungainly English pride, is funny and acute, but the movie mislays its sense of wit as the girls grow up. The nub of the tale... feels both overblown and oddly beside the point; it certainly means that Tucker takes his eye, or his ear, off the music. The whole picture, indeed, is more likely to gratify the emotionally prurient than to appease lovers of Beethoven and Elgar."
Entertainment Weekly rated the film A− and added, "This unusual, unabashedly voluptuous biographical drama, a bravura feature debut for British TV director Anand Tucker, soars on two virtuoso performances: by the rightfully celebrated Emily Watson . . . and by the under-celebrated Rachel Griffiths."
Rana Dasgupta wrote in an essay about biographical films that "the film's tagline – 'The true story of two sisters who shared a passion, a madness and a man' – is a good indication of its prurient intent. The book's moving account of love and solidarity, whose characters are incomplete and complex but not "mad", is rejected in favour of a salacious account of social deviance."
Controversy and protests
Although the film was a critical success, and received two Academy Award nominations, it ignited a furore, especially in London, centre of du Pre's performing life. A group of her closest colleagues, including fellow cellists Mstislav Rostropovich and Julian Lloyd Webber, sent a "bristling" letter to The Times in February 1999. Webber noted in an article published in The Telegraph:
Hilary and Jackie is an ugly film, not because it is badly made or acted - quite the reverse - but because Emily Watson's du Pré bears no resemblance to the radiant Jackie I remember so well, first as a brilliant cellist, and later when I came to know her after she contracted MS. The film woefully fails to convey Jacqueline du Pré's wonderful joy in making music and her unique ability to bring that joy to her audience. Worst of all, the book that spawned the film was written by her elder sister, Hilary, and younger brother, Piers - two siblings apparently eaten up by bitterness and jealousy.
Clare Finzi, Hilary du Pré's daughter, charged that the film was a "gross misinterpretation, which I cannot let go unchallenged." Daniel Barenboim said, "Couldn't they have waited until I was dead?" Additionally, a friend of Jacqueline du Pré's, John Williams, in an interview for The Observer, called the film "macabre" and "sick", adding: "My friend Jackie has been betrayed".
Hilary du Pré wrote in The Guardian, "At first I could not understand why people didn't believe my story because I had set out to tell the whole truth. When you tell someone the truth about your family, you don't expect them to turn around and say that it's bunkum. But I knew that Jackie would have respected what I had done. If I had gone for half-measures, she would have torn it up. She would have wanted the complete story to be told." Jay Fielden reported in The New Yorker that she'd said, "When you love someone, you love the whole of them. Those who are against the film want to look only at the pieces of Jackie's life that they accept. I don’t think the film has taken any liberties at all. Jackie would have absolutely loved it."
Awards and nominations
|Academy Awards||Best Supporting Actress (Rachel Griffiths)||Nominated|
|Best Actress (Emily Watson)||Nominated|
|BAFTA Awards||Alexander Korda Award for Best British Film||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Leading Role (Emily Watson)||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Nominated|
|Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music||Nominated|
|British Independent Film Awards||Best Director (Anand Tucker)||Won|
|Best Actress (Rachel Griffiths)||Nominated|
|Best Actress (Emily Watson)||Won|
|Best British Film||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Award||Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama (Emily Watson)||Nominated|
|London Film Critics Circle||British Actress of the Year (Emily Watson)||Won|
|Satellite Awards||Best Actress - Motion Picture Drama (Emily Watson)||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Nominated|
|Screen Actors Guild Awards||Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role (Rachel Griffiths)||Nominated|
|Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Leading Role (Emily Watson)||Nominated|
- "Hilary and Jackie". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Hilary and Jackie (1998)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Du Pré, Piers; Du Pré, Hilary (1997). A Genius in the Family: An Intimate Memoir of Jacqueline du Pré. London: Heinemann. ISBN 0-434-00344-1.
- 'Inside Film' programme, handed out at early showings of the film
- Du Pré, Hilary (21 January 1999). "The truth about our wonderful sister Jackie". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Moss, Stephen (21 January 1999). "Du Pré sister defends film". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Loggerheads – Moel Famau". British Listed Buildings.
- Lloyd Webber, Julian (4 January 1999). "An insult to Jackie's memory". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Holden, Stephen (30 December 1998). "'Hilary and Jackie': Discordant Concerto, Played Upon Two Hearts". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Ebert, Roger (15 January 1999). "Hilary and Jackie". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Guthmann, Edward (15 January 1999). "Commanding Presences: Watson plays it perfectly as tortured cello star in `Hilary and Jackie'". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Lane, Anthony (25 January 1999). "Hilary and Jackie". The New Yorker.
- "Movie Review: Hilary and Jackie". Entertainment Weekly. 8 January 1999. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Dasgupta, Rana (21 September 2008). "The next idea of the artist: Art, music and the present threat of creativity". Essay about Beethoven, du Pre and biographical films.
- Hornaday, Ann (22 January 1999). "Sour notes mar 'Hilary and Jackie'". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Nordlinger, Jay (22 February 1999). "Music: Twisted Sister – Review". The National Review. ISSN 0028-0038. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Du Pre film blasted by the critics". BBC News. 22 January 1999. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Fielden, Jay (8 February 1999). "The Talk of the Town: The Pictures". The New Yorker. Subscription required.
- Williams, John (24 January 1999). "'It's macabre. It's sick. My friend Jackie has been betrayed'". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 April 2018.