Herefordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

The county constituency of Herefordshire, in the West Midlands of England bordering on Wales, was abolished when the county was divided for parliamentary purposes in 1885. It was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885.

Herefordshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Context: 1832-1868. Extract from 1837 result: the southern 'doubly' orange area with thin blue stripes.
CountyHerefordshire
1290–1885
Number of membersTwo, then three from 1832
Replaced byLeominster
Ross

The undivided county was represented from 1290 by two Knights of the Shire until 1832 and three thereafter. After the county was split two new county constituencies were created, the North division or Leominster and the South division or Ross.

Boundaries

The constituency consisted of the historic county of Herefordshire. Although Herefordshire contained a number of parliamentary boroughs, each of which elected one or two MPs in its own right for parts of the period when Herefordshire was a constituency, these areas were not excluded from the county constituency. Owning freehold property of the required value, within such boroughs, could confer a vote at the county election. From 1832 only non-resident owners of forty shilling freeholds, situated in borough seats, could qualify for a county vote on the basis of that property.

Members of Parliament

1290–1604

Constituency created (1290)

ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1290Sir Roger le Rous[1]
1315Sir Hugh de Croft
1318Sir Roger Chandos
1330John le Rous[1]
1336–1337John le Rous[1]
1340John le Rous[1]
1340Sir Roger Chandos
1343John le Rous[1]
1343Sir Roger Chandos
1355Sir Thomas Chandos
1355Sir Richard de la Bere
1360Sir Thomas Chandos
1370Sir Thomas Chandos
1376Peter de la Mare
1377 (Jan)Sir Robert Whitney
1377 (Oct)Peter de la Mare
1378Sir Walter Devereux of BodenhamSir John Eylesford
1379Sir Walter Devereux of BodenhamSir Robert Whitney
1380 (Jan)Peter de la MareSir Robert Whitney
1381Sir Walter Devereux of BodenhamRalph Lengayne
1381Sir Walter Devereux of BodenhamPeter de la Mare
1382Sir John EylesfordPeter de la Mare
1382 (May, Sep)Sir Walter Devereux of BodenhamPeter de la Mare
1383Sir William Devereux of FromeSir Andrew Herle
1383 (Oct)Sir Walter Devereux of BodenhamSir Andrew Herle
1384Kynard de la BereRichard Mawarden
1386Kynard de la BereSir Thomas de la Barre[2]
1388 (Feb)Leonard HakluytRichard Nash[2]
1388 (Sep)Malcolm de la MareWilliam Seymour[2]
1390 (Jan)(Sir) Kynard de la BereThomas Oldcastle[2]
1390 (Nov)Roger WigmoreRichard Nash[2]
1391Sir Robert WhitneyRoger Wigmore[2]
1393Sir John ChandosThomas Oldcastle[2]
1394(SIR) Leonard HakluytThomas Clanvowe[2]
1395Sir John ChandosThomas Walwyn I[2]
1397 (Jan)(Sir) Thomas ClanvoweThomas Walwyn II[2]
1397 (Sep)(Sir) Thomas ClanvoweJohn Skydemore[2]
1399(Sir) Kynard de la BereThomas Walwyn II[2]
1401Sir Walter Devereux of Bodenham and WeobleySir John Greyndoe[2]
1402Sir Thomas de la BarrePhilip Holgot[2]
1404 (Jan)Sir John OldcastleThomas Walwyn II[2]
1404 (Oct)Sir John GreyndoreThomas Walwyn II[2]
1406John ap HarryThomas Holgot[2]
1407John ap HarryThomas Holgot[2]
1410John ap HarryThomas Holgot[2]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May)Thomas de la HayThomas Holgot[2]
1414 (Apr)Sir John SkydemoreJohn Russell[2]
1414 (Nov)Sir John SkydemoreThomas Holgot[2]
1415
1416 (Mar)Sir Thomas de la BarreSir Robert Whitney II[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417John RussellThomas Holgot[2]
1419John RussellJohn Merbury[2]
1420John RussellJohn Brugge[2]
1421 (May)John RussellJohn Merbury[2]
1421 (Dec)John RussellJohn Merbury[2]
1422John RussellSir Robert Whitney II
1423John RussellThomas de la Hay
1425John Merbury
1426John RussellSir John Skydemore
1427John Merbury
1428Walter Devereux
1429John RussellSir John Skydemore
1431John RussellGiles Brydges
1432John Russell
1433John RussellSir John Skydemore
1434Walter Devereux
1436Sir Walter DevereuxSir Kynard de la Bere
1437John Abrahall
1439John Abrahall
1440Sir Walter DevereuxJohn Abrahall
1442John Abrahall
1450 (Nov)Sir Walter Devereux
1455Giles Brydges
1459Walter Devereux
1471Sir Richard Croft
1472Thomas Brydges
1476Sir James Baskerville
1504__? MynorsSir Gruffydd ap Rhys[3]
1510–1515No Names Known[4]
1523Sir Richard Cornwall?[4]
1529Sir Richard Cornwall, died
and replaced c.1533 by
James Baskerville
John Rudhale, died
and replaced c.1532 by
John Scudamore[4]
1536
1539George CornwallJohn Lingen[4]
1542?John VaughanJames Croft[4]
1545
1547James BaskervilleJohn Gwillim[4]
1553 (Mar)
1553 (Oct)Humphrey ConingsbyStephen Parry[4]
1554 (Apr)John LingenJohn Baskerville[4]
1554 (Nov)Richard SebourneThomas Havard[4]
1555John BaskervilleStephen Parry[4]
1558Gregory PriceJohn Pateshall[4]
1559 (Jan)Sir Robert WhitneyHumphrey Coningsby[5]
1562–1563Sir James CroftJames Warnecombe[5]
1571Sir James CroftJohn Scudamore[5]
1572 (Apr)Sir James CroftJohn Scudamore[5]
1584 (Nov)Sir James CroftJohn Scudamore[5]
1586 (Oct)Sir James CroftJohn Scudamore[5]
1588 (Oct)Sir James CroftJohn Scudamore[5]
1593Sir Thomas ConingsbyHerbert Croft[5]
1597 (Sep)Sir Thomas ConingsbySir John Scudamore[5]
1601Sir Thomas ConingsbySir Herbert Croft[5]

1604–1832

As there were sometimes significant gaps between Parliaments, the dates of first assembly and dissolution are given for those up to 1640. Where the name of the member has not yet been ascertained or is not recorded in a surviving document, the entry unknown is entered in the table.

ElectedAssembledDissolvedFirst memberSecond member
160419 March 16049 February 1611Sir James ScudamoreSir Herbert Croft
16145 April 16147 June 1614Sir James ScudamoreSir Herbert Croft
162116 January 16218 February 1622Sir John Scudamore, BtFitzwilliam Coningsby
162412 February 162427 March 1625Sir John Scudamore, BtSir Robert Harley
162517 May 162512 August 1625John RudhaleSir Giles Brydges, Bt
16266 February 162615 June 1626Sir Robert HarleySir Walter Pye
162817 March 162810 March 1629Sir Giles Brydges, BtSir Walter Pye
1629–1640No Parliaments convened
ElectionFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
Herefordshire was represented by 2 elected Knights of the Shire
1640, April Sir Robert Harley Sir Walter Pye
1640, November Sir Robert Harley[6]Parliamentarian Fitzwilliam Coningsby[7]
c. 1641 Humphrey Coningsby[8]Royalist
c. 1644 vacant
c. 1646 Edward Harley[9]Parliamentarian
1647, 29 January vacant
1648, 8 June Edward Harley[10]Parliamentarian
1648, 6 December vacant vacant
Herefordshire was represented by 2 nominated MPs in Barebone's Parliament
1653[11] Wroth Rogers John Herring
Herefordshire's representation was increased to 4 elected MPs in the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654 John ScudamoreJohn Pateshal John FlacketRichard Read
1656 James Berry[12]Edward Harley[13] Bennet HoskynsBenjamin Mason
Herefordshire's representation was decreased to 2 MPs in the Third Parliament of the Protectorate and thereafter
1659, January Wroth Rogers Bennet Hoskyns
1659, May vacant vacant
1660, 18 April Edward Harley William Powell
1661, 20 March James Scudamore Thomas Prise
1668, 23 September Sir John Kyrle
1679, 26 February The Viscount Scudamore Sir Herbert Croft, Bt
1679, 10 September Sir Edward Harley
1685, 18 March Sir John Morgan, BtTory Sir John Hoskyns, Bt
1689, 15 January Sir Edward HarleyWhig
1690, 12 March Sir Herbert Croft, BtWhig
1693, 8 February Sir Edward HarleyWhig
1698, 3 August Henry CornewallTory Henry GorgesTory
1701, 16 January Sir John Williams, BtTory
1705, 16 May The Viscount ScudamoreTory
1708, 12 May John PriseTory
1712, 30 July Sir Thomas Morgan, BtTory
1715, 9 February Richard Hopton
1717, 6 March Sir Hungerford Hoskyns, Bt[14]
1722, 28 March Velters Cornewall[15]Tory Sir Edward Goodere, BtTory
1727, 6 September Edward HarleyTory
1742, 6 January Thomas Foley
1747, 15 July Lord Harley
1755, 5 May Sir John Morgan, Bt
1767, 18 May Thomas Foley
1768, 6 April Thomas Foley
1774, 12 October Sir George Cornewall, Bt[16]
1776, 22 May Thomas HarleyTory
1780, 18 September Whig
1796, 8 June Robert BiddulphWhig
1802, 14 July Sir George Cornewall, BtTory John Cotterell[17]Tory
1803, 31 March John MatthewsTory
1806, 8 November Sir John Cotterell, BtTory
1807, 13 May Thomas FoleyWhig
1818, 29 June Sir Robert Price, BtWhig[18][19][20][21][22]
1831, 7 May Kedgwin HoskinsWhig
Herefordshire's representation was increased to 3 MPs in the 1832 general election and thereafter

1832–1885

ElectionFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond partyThird memberThird party
1832 Edward Thomas Foley Tory[23] Kedgwin Hoskins Whig[23][24] Sir Robert Price, Bt Whig[18][19][20][21][22][23]
1834 Conservative[23]
1841 Thomas Baskerville Conservative[23] Joseph Bailey Conservative[23]
1847 Francis Haggitt
(F.R. Wegg-Prosser, 1849)
Conservative George Cornewall Lewis Whig[25][26][27]
1850 by-election Thomas William Booker-Blakemore Conservative
1852 James King King Conservative Hon. Charles Hanbury Conservative
1857 Sir Geers Cotterell, Bt Whig[28]
1858 by-election Lord Montagu Graham Conservative
1859 Humphrey St John-Mildmay Liberal
1865 Sir Joseph Bailey Conservative Michael Biddulph Liberal
1868 Sir Herbert Croft, Bt Conservative
1874 Daniel Peploe Peploe Conservative
1880 Thomas Duckham Liberal
1885 Constituency abolished: see Leominster and Ross.

Election results

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: Herefordshire[29][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Baskerville Mynors Baskerville Unopposed
Conservative Joseph Bailey Unopposed
Whig Kedgwin Hoskins Unopposed
Registered electors 7,365
Conservative hold
Conservative gain from Whig
Whig hold
General election 1847: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Bailey Unopposed
Conservative Francis Haggitt Unopposed
Whig George Cornewall Lewis Unopposed
Registered electors 7,345
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
Whig hold

Elections in the 1850s

Bailey's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 October 1850: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas William Booker Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1852: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James King King 3,167 26.0 N/A
Conservative Thomas William Booker 3,143 25.8 N/A
Conservative Charles Bateman-Hanbury 3,030 24.9 N/A
Whig George Cornewall Lewis 2,836 23.3 N/A
Majority 194 1.6 N/A
Turnout 5,949 (est) 85.3 (est) N/A
Registered electors 6,972
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A
General election 1857: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Geers Cotterell 3,352 29.4 +6.1
Conservative Thomas William Booker-Blakemore 2,822 24.7 1.1
Conservative James King King 2,771 24.3 1.7
Conservative Charles Bateman-Hanbury 2,475 21.7 3.2
Majority 530 4.6 N/A
Turnout 6,041 (est) 82.4 (est) 2.9
Registered electors 7,330
Whig gain from Conservative Swing +6.1
Conservative hold Swing 1.6
Conservative hold Swing 1.9

Booker-Blakemore's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 18 December 1858: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Montagu Graham Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James King King Unopposed
Liberal Humphrey Francis St John-Mildmay Unopposed
Conservative Montagu Graham Unopposed
Registered electors 7,722
Conservative hold
Liberal hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Russell Bailey Unopposed
Liberal Michael Biddulph Unopposed
Conservative James King King Unopposed
Registered electors 7,179
Conservative hold
Liberal hold
Conservative hold
General election 1868: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Herbert Croft 3,351 30.9 N/A
Conservative Joseph Russell Bailey 3,341 30.8 N/A
Liberal Michael Biddulph 2,273 21.0 N/A
Liberal Thomas Blake 1,878 17.3 N/A
Majority 1,068 9.8 N/A
Turnout 5,422 (est) 56.9 (est) N/A
Registered electors 9,528
Conservative hold
Conservative hold
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Russell Bailey Unopposed
Liberal Michael Biddulph Unopposed
Conservative Daniel Peploe Peploe Unopposed
Registered electors 8,977
Conservative hold
Liberal hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: Herefordshire[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Joseph Russell Bailey 3,077 27.7 N/A
Liberal Michael Biddulph 2,769 24.9 N/A
Liberal Thomas Duckham 2,726 24.6 N/A
Conservative Daniel Peploe Peploe 2,527 22.8 N/A
Turnout 5,550 (est) 67.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 8,222
Majority 308 2.8 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Majority 199 1.8 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

See also

References

Notes

  1. "The parliamentary history of the county of Gloucester". Internet Archive. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  2. "History of Parliament". Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  3. Cavill. The English Parliaments of Henry VII 1485-1504.
  4. "History of Parliament". Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  5. "History of Parliament". Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  6. Sir Robert Harley was excluded by the Army, 6 December 1648.
  7. Fitzwilliam Coningsby was expelled 30 October 1641, for being a monopolist.
  8. Humphrey Coningsby was disabled for joining the King's Oxford Parliament. New writ issued 11 September 1646.
  9. Edward Harley was disabled on charges brought by Thomas Fairfax and the Army, on 29 January 1647.
  10. The order disabling Edward Harley was revoked by another, on 8 June 1648. Excluded by the Army, 6 December 1648?
  11. From: 'List of members nominated for Parliament of 1653', Diary of Thomas Burton esq, volume 4: March – April 1659 (1828), pp. 499–500. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=36965. Date accessed: 27 January 2008.
  12. Major-General Berry being returned to serve as a Knight for Three Counties; viz. for the Counties of Worcester, Hereford, and Monmouth, doth make his Election to serve as a Knight for the County of Worcester; and waves his Election for the County of Monmouth; the Election for the County of Hereford being questioned. From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 7: 2 October 1656', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 7: 1651–1660 (1802), pp. 431–433. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=24466. Date accessed: 27 January 2008. A new election was ordered on 17 July 1657.
  13. Edward Harley was elected but not allowed to take his seat. The Council of State explained to the House of Commons "That the Council, in pursuance of their Duty, and according to the Trust reposed in them, have examined the said Returns, and have not refused to approve any who have appeared to them to be Persons of Integrity to the Government, fearing God, and of good Conversation: And those who are not approved, his Highness hath given Order to some Persons to take Care, that they do not come into the House." From: 'House of Commons Journal Volume 7: 22 September 1656', Journal of the House of Commons: volume 7: 1651–1660 (1802), pp. 426. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=24458. Date accessed: 27 January 2008. The excluded members were permitted to take their seats for the second session of the Parliament, which began on 20 January 1658.
  14. Stooks Smith classifies Hoskins (or Hoskyns) as a Whig candidate in the 1722 election, which he lost. He is not classified by party for the 1717 by-election,
  15. Stooks Smith classifies Velters Cornewall as a Tory candidate in the 1722 election, but does not classify him by party in subsequent elections.
  16. Stooks Smith did not classify George Cornewall by party before the 1780 general election. He is classified as a Whig in the 1780, 1784 and 1790 elections; however he is classified as a Tory in the 1796 election, which he lost.
  17. Election of Cotterell declared void
  18. Dod, Robert Phipps (1857). The Parliamentary Companion for 1857. London: Whittaker & Co. p. 258. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  19. Escott, Margaret (2009). "PRICE, Robert (1786–1857), of Foxley, Herefs". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  20. Escott, Margaret. "Herefordshire". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  21. Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 215. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  22. "London, Monday Evening". Western Courier, West of England Conservative, Plymouth and Devonport Advertiser. 30 July 1845. p. 2. Retrieved 14 May 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  23. Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 138–139. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  24. Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 125. Retrieved 18 April 2019 via Google Books.
  25. "The Peers and the Press". Gloucester Journal. 7 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 4 August 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  26. "Political Terms". The Spectator. 18 June 1898. p. 18. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  27. Hawkins, Angus (1987). Parliament, Party and the Art of Politics in Britain, 1855–59 (eBook ed.). Basingstoke: Macmillan Press. p. 30. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-08925-3. ISBN 978-1-349-08925-3. Retrieved 4 August 2018 via Google Books.
  28. "Election Intelligence". The Examiner. 14 March 1857. pp. 8–10. Retrieved 4 August 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  29. Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 396–397. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808)
  • The House of Commons 1690–1715, by Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley and D.W. Hayton (Cambridge University Press 2002)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973))
  • Calendar of Close Rolls, Richard II, Volume 1, by H.C. Maxwell Lyte (editor). (London: 1914). British History Online , 16 November 1378, 27 May 1379, 25 Feb 1382, 22 May 1382, and 26 November 1383.
  • Calendar of Fine Rolls, Henry VI, Volume 16, 1430-1437. (London:1936). Page 281, 3 January 1436 (membrane 11)
  • Calendar of Fine Rolls, Henry VI, Volume 17, 1437-1445. (London: 1936). Page 148, 24 April 1440 (membrane 12)
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