Henry Neville (died 1615)
Sir Henry Neville (1562 – 10 July 1615) was an English courtier, politician and diplomat, noted for his role as ambassador to France and his unsuccessful attempts to negotiate between James I of England and the Houses of Parliament. In 2005 Neville was put forward as a candidate for the authorship of Shakespeare's works.
Sir Henry Neville
Sir Henry Neville
|Died||10 July 1615 (aged 52–53)|
|Children||Sir Henry Neville|
|Parent(s)||Sir Henry Neville, Elizabeth Gresham|
Neville was the elder son of Sir Henry Neville (died 1593) and his second wife, Elizabeth Gresham (died 6 November 1573), granddaughter of Sir Richard Gresham, Lord Mayor of London, and only daughter and heir of the latter's elder son, John Gresham (died 1560), by Frances Thwaytes, the daughter and coheir of Sir Henry Thwaytes of Lund, Yorkshire.
Neville's father had earlier married, between 1551 and 1555, Winifred Losse (died in or before 1561), daughter of a property speculator, Hugh Losse (died 1555) of Whitchurch, London, by whom he had no issue.
After the death of his second wife, Neville's father married thirdly, about May 1578, Elizabeth Bacon (c. 1541 – 3 May 1621), widow of Sir Robert Doyley (died between 21 and 29 July 1577) of Chislehampton, Oxfordshire, and Greenlands in Hambleden, Buckinghamshire. Elizabeth Bacon was the eldest daughter of Queen Elizabeth's Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Sir Nicholas Bacon (1510–1579), by his first wife, Jane Ferneley (died 1552), the daughter of William Ferneley of Suffolk. After Neville's death, his widow, Elizabeth, married, before the end of September 1595, Sir William Peryam (died 9 October 1604). She made her last will on 12 November 1618, and died on 3 May 1621. There is a monument to her in the church of St Mary's, Henley-on-Thames.
Neville's father was a great-great-grandson of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmoreland, the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster by Katherine Swynford.
Neville grew up at Billingbear House at Waltham St Lawrence in Berkshire. At the age of fifteen, he matriculated from Merton College, Oxford, on 20 December 1577. His tutor was Henry Saville, later warden of Merton. In 1578 Neville accompanied Saville on a continental tour, visiting Padua, Venice, and Prague.
Neville sat in Parliament as the member for New Windsor (1584, 1586 and 1593), Sussex (1589), Liskeard (1597) and Berkshire (1604, 1614). He served as High Sheriff of Berkshire in 1595. Before his father's death, he lived at the old Archbishop's Palace at Mayfield in Sussex, inherited from his great-uncle Sir Thomas Gresham (died 1579), where he ran a highly successful cannon manufactury. He was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of Berkshire in 1596 and moved to Billingbear the next year. He was knighted in 1597.
In 1599 Neville was appointed Ambassador to France and attended the Court of Henri IV. Although knighted for his services in France, he was unhappy with the way he was treated by the French and in 1600, complaining of deafness, he asked to be recalled to England.
After his return he became involved with the Essex Rebellion of 1601 and was imprisoned in the Tower of London. His close friend, Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton, was also imprisoned there at this time in connection with the plot.
He was stripped of his position and fined £5,000, which he agreed to pay in annual instalments of £1,000. After the death of Elizabeth I of England and the accession of James I a Royal Warrant was issued for his release.
After his release, he played a greater role in the political life of the nation, but earned the antagonism of King James by advocating the King surrender to the demands of the House of Commons.
In the first session of 1610, and again in 1612, he advised the King to give way to the demands of the House of Commons. It was these actions that, on the death of Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, in May 1612, lost him the possibility of becoming the Secretary of State. Although offered the position of Treasurer of the Chamber he turned it down.
Neville died in 1615 and was buried at the church of St Lawrence in Waltham St Lawrence.
In The Truth Will Out, published in 2005, authors Brenda James, lecturer at the University of Portsmouth, and William Rubinstein, professor of history at Aberystwyth University, propose that Neville, who was a distant relative by marriage of Shakespeare's mother, is the actual author of Shakespeare's works. According to James and Rubinstein, Neville's career placed him in the locations of many of the plays about the time they were written, and his life contains parallels with the events in the plays.
Marriage and issue
In December 1584 Neville married Anne Killigrew (died 1632), the daughter of Sir Henry Killigrew (died 1603) and Catherine Cooke, sister-in-law of William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, by whom he had five sons and six daughters:
- Sir Henry Neville (II), 1588–29 June 1629, married Elizabeth Smyth; among his children were Richard Neville (soldier) and Henry Neville.
- Catherine Neville, c. 1590–1650, married Sir Richard Brooke.
- Frances Neville, 1592–1659, married Sir Richard Worsley, 1st Baronet then Jerome Brett.
- William Neville, 1596–1640, second son, married Catherine Billingley, issue unknown.
- Edward Neville, 1602–1632, married Alice Pryor, issue.
- Dorothy Neville, 1605–1673, married Richard Catlyn.
- Charles Neville, 1607–1626, probably unmarried.
- Richard Neville, 1608–1644, married unknown, issue.
- Elizabeth Neville, 1610 – 4 January 1657, married William Glover, then Sir Henry Berkeley, then Thomas Duke.
- Anne Neville, 1610-NK.
- Mary Neville, 1613 – 28 October 1642, married Sir Edward Lewknor.
- Blanchard 2004.
- Leveson Gower 1883, p. 29; Urban 1845, p. 479.
- Riordan states that John Gresham was of Titsey, Surrey.
- Riordan 2004; Holder 2004.
- Harley 2005, p. 5.
- Harley 2005, p. 4.
- Harley 2005, p. 4; Tittler 1976, p. 153.
- According to Riordan, Neville's third wife was the widow of Sir Richard Doyley, and daughter of Sir Nicholas Bacon, 1st Baronet, of Redgrave (c. 1543 – 1624), by his wife, Anne.
- Harley 2005, p. 6.
- Harley 2005, p. 7
- Greengrass 2004.
- Greengrass 2014.
- James & Rubinstein, p. 93.
- Chambers, p. 30.
- James & Rubinstein, pp. 83–201.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Blanchard, Ian (2004). "Gresham, Sir Richard (c.1485–1549)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11504.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Blanchard, Ian (2004). "Gresham, Sir Thomas (c.1518–1579)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11505.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Chambers, Sir Edmund K. (1930). William Shakespeare: A Study of Facts and Problems.
- Ford, David Nash (2001). "Sir Henry Neville (1564–1615)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- Greengrass, M. (2004). "Gresham, Sir Thomas (c.1518–1579)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19940.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Greengrass, M. (25 September 2014). "Neville, Sir Henry (1561/2–1615)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19940.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Harley, John (2005). "'My Ladye Nevell' Revealed". Music & Letters. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 86 (1): 1–15. Archived from the original on 23 July 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Holder, Nick (2004). "Losse, Hugh (d. 1555)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/101321.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- James, Brenda; Rubinstein, William D. (2005). The Truth Will Out: Unmasking the Real Shakespeare. Los Angeles: Regan. ISBN 0-06-114648-X.*Leveson Gower, Granville (1883). Genealogy of the Family of Gresham. London: Mitchell and Hughes. pp. 7–12, 21–3, 29–35. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- Riordan, Michael (2004). "Henry VIII, privy chamber of (act. 1509–1547)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/70825.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Tittler, Robert (1976). Nicholas Bacon; The Making of a Tudor Statesman. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press.
- Urban, Sylvester (1845). "The Law of Quartering Arms, by W.D.B." The Gentleman's Magazine. New Series. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son. XXIV: 476–9. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
- James, Brenda (2008). Henry Neville and the Shakespeare Code. Music for Strings. ISBN 978-1-905424-05-4.
- Enter Pursued by a Bear, The Unknown Plays of Shakespeare-Neville John Casson, Music for Strings, 2009, Dolman Scott, 2010.
- Much Ado About Nothing, Henry Neville and Shakespeare's Secret Source John Casson, Dolman Scott, 2010.
- Elizabeth Bacon (d.1621), A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: B-Bl. Retrieved 25 March 2013
- Bacon, Sir Nicholas (1510–1579), History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 March 2013
- Tudor Place Bios Sir Henry Neville of Billingbere
- HenryNeville.com The Research of Sir Henry Neville as the Author of Shakespeare's Works
- Diplomat 'was real Shakespeare': An Elizabethan diplomat named Sir Henry Neville was the real author of William Shakespeare's plays, a new book claims. BBC News; 5 October 2005.
- The Social Affairs Unit William D. Rubinstein discusses the Shakespeare authorship question.
- Bruce Leyland and James Goding offer their decryption of the Dedication to Shake-speare’s Sonnets (1609).
- Shakespeare Versus Neville interviews with Bruce Leyland and James Goding; story and podcast from Australian Broadcasting Commission, 7 September 2008.
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