Henry Nevill, 2nd Earl of Abergavenny
|The Earl of Abergavenny|
|Born||22 February 1755|
|Died||27 March 1843 88)(aged|
|Noble family||House of Neville|
|Father||George Nevill, 1st Earl of Abergavenny|
The eldest son of George Nevill, 17th Baron Bergavenny and his wife Henrietta Pelham, he was born on 22 February 1755 and baptized on 19 March 1755 at St George's, Hanover Square. Nevill matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford on 29 May 1773, and took his MA from there on 8 March 1776.
He married Mary Robinson (c.1760–1796), daughter of John Robinson, on 3 October 1781, and they had the following children:
- Lady Mary Catherine Nevill (1783–1807)
- Henry George Nevill, Viscount Nevill (1785–1806)
- Captain Ralph Nevill, Viscount Nevill (1786–1826)
- Lady Henrietta Nevill (1788–1827)
- Reverend John Nevill, 3rd Earl of Abergavenny (1789–1845)
- William Nevill, 4th Earl of Abergavenny (1792–1868)
He considered standing for Monmouthshire at the 1784 election, where one of the sitting Whig members, John Hanbury, was in poor health, but found on consulting Hanbury that the latter intended to stand again. Nevill was also nominated, without his knowledge, as the candidate for Seaford on the Treasury interest and was returned there after a contest, together with Sir Peter Parker, on 30 March 1784. The losing candidates, Lewis Watson and Thomas Alves, were supported by the Pelham family, led by the Duke of Newcastle. Watson petitioned against the election, on the grounds that the bailiff had failed to give four days' notice of the election, and it was declared void on 21 March 1785.
In the meantime, Nevill's father was created Earl of Abergavenny on 17 May; as his heir apparent, Henry received the courtesy title of "Viscount Nevill". Hanbury had died abroad in France on 6 April, leaving a vacancy in Monmouthshire. Hanbury's first cousin, John Hanbury Williams (1749-1819) and Nevill both offered themselves as candidates, but Nevill obtained the support of the Henry Somerset, 5th Duke of Beaufort, Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire, and the Morgan family of Tredegar, and Hanbury Williams declined to contest it. Once the field was clear, he took the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds to vacate his seat at Seaford and was returned uncontested for Monmouthshire. While he generally followed the lead of his father-in-law, John Robinson in supporting Pitt's administration, he is known to have broken with them on some issues, such as the scrutiny of the Westminster election of 1784. He was not to sit long in the Commons, as he succeeded his father in the Earldom on 9 April 1785.
Abergavenny also served as Recorder of Harwich. Around 1790, he rebuilt the family's old house at Eridge and made it his principal seat. In 1803 or 1805, having moved to Eridge Castle, he sold his estate at Kidbrooke, near East Grinstead, to Charles Abbot. On 23 May 1814, Abergavenny was created a Knight of the Thistle. He died on 27 March 1843 at Eridge Castle, and was buried on 4 April 1843 at East Grinstead. His two elder sons having predeceased him, without children, he was succeeded by his third son John.
- Cokayne 1910, p. 42.
- Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886. Oxford: Parker and Co – via Wikisource.
- Brooke, John (1964). "NEVILL, Henry, Visct. Nevill (1755-1843).". In Namier, Sir Lewis; Brooke, John (eds.). The House of Commons 1754-1790. The History of Parliament Trust.
- Brooke, John (1964). "Seaford". In Namier, Sir Lewis; Brooke, John (eds.). The House of Commons 1754-1790. The History of Parliament Trust.
- Thomas, Peter D. G. (1964). "Monmouthshire". In Namier, Sir Lewis; Brooke, John (eds.). The House of Commons 1754-1790. The History of Parliament Trust.
- Cokayne 1910, p. 43.
- Cokayne, George E. (1910). Gibbs, Vicary (ed.). The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Abergavenny
- Portraits of Henry Nevill, 2nd Earl of Abergavenny at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Seaford
With: Sir Peter Parker
Sir John Henderson
Sir Peter Parker
| Member of Parliament for Monmouthshire
With: John Morgan
|Peerage of Great Britain|
| Earl of Abergavenny