Henry Fox-Strangways, 2nd Earl of Ilchester
Ilchester was the eldest son of Stephen Fox-Strangways, 1st Earl of Ilchester, and his wife, the former Elizabeth Horner. Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, was his uncle. He was elected to the House of Commons for Midhurst in 1768 (along with his cousin Charles James Fox), a seat he retained until 1774. Two years later he succeeded his father as second Earl of Ilchester and took his seat in the House of Lords.
Detailed information about the Ilchester household and family survives in the published diaries and correspondence of Agnes Porter, a Scottish-born governess to his many daughters from 1784 to 1797. The family's previous governess had been Jane Gardiner, a childhood friend of Mary Wollstonecraft.
Marriages and issue
He married twice:
- Firstly, in 1772, to Mary Theresa O'Grady (died 1792), a daughter of Standish O'Grady, by whom he had issue, including:
- Henry Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester, eldest son and heir.
- Secondly, in 1794, he married Maria Digby, a daughter of Rev. William Digby, Dean of Worcester, Dean of Durham, an Honorary Chaplain to the King, younger brother of Henry Digby, 1st Earl Digby, and first cousin of Charles James Fox. By Maria Digby he had issue, including:
Death and succession
He died in September 1802, aged 55, and was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, Henry Fox-Strangways, 3rd Earl of Ilchester.
- Montague-Smith, P. W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p. 607, Earl of Ilchester.
- A Governess in the Age of Jane Austen. The Journals and Letters of Agnes Porter, ed. Joanna Martin (London: Hambledon Press, 1998). ISBN 1852851643.
- Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Midhurst
With: Charles James Fox
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
| Earl of Ilchester