Henry, Duke of Parma

Henry, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (Italian: Enrico Maria Alberto Ferdinando Carlo Pio Luigi Antonio di Borbone-Parma e Piacenza; 13 June 1873 – 16 November 1939) was the head of the House of Bourbon-Parma and the pretender to the defunct throne of Parma from 1907 to 1939.

Duke of Parma
Head of the House of Bourbon-Parma
Tenure16 November 1907 16 November 1939
PredecessorDuke Robert I
SuccessorDuke Joseph
RegentPrince Elias
Born(1873-06-13)13 June 1873
Wartegg Castle, Rorschach
Died16 November 1939(1939-11-16) (aged 66)
Pianore, Lucca
FatherRobert I, Duke of Parma
MotherPrincess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
ReligionRoman Catholicism


Prince Enrico was born at Wartegg Castle in Rorschach, the second but eldest surviving son of Robert I, Duke of Parma and his first wife, Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. He had learning difficulties and from 1907 (his father's death), his brother Elias took up the role as head of the family and served as regent throughout his and his brother Joseph's titular reigns. However, Enrico continued to be considered by legitimists as Henry of Parma.

Enrico died in 1939 at Pianore, near Lucca, Italy, unmarried and without issue. He was succeeded as titular pretender of Parma by his brother Joseph.


See also

Henry, Duke of Parma
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 1873 Died: 1939
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Duke of Parma
Reason for succession failure:
Annexed by Kingdom of Italy
Succeeded by
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