Henri I de Montmorency

Henri I de Montmorency (15 June 1534 in Chantilly, Oise – 2 April 1614), Marshal of France, and Constable of France, seigneur of Damville, served as Governor of Languedoc from 1563 to 1614.[1]

Henri I de Montmorency
Born(1534-06-15)15 June 1534
Died2 April 1614(1614-04-02) (aged 79)
La Grange-des-Prés
Noble familyHouse of Montmorency
Spouse(s)Antoinette de La Marck
Louise de Budos
Laurence de Montmorency
FatherAnne de Montmorency
MotherMadeleine of Savoy


As Gouverneur, Damville came as the head of an army into Toulouse for nine months in 1570 and was chastized by the capitouls for letting Catholic property fall into the hands of a passing Protestant army without taking action.[2] They accused him of being betraying the city and being in league with Protestants like his cousin Admiral Coligny. Damville responded by arresting four bourgeois and sending them to Paris with charges of slander.[2] Damville also placed a procureur-général on the Parlement of Toulouse who was suspected of Protestantism.[2] When Damville went into revolt in October 1574 (aligning with the Protestants of lower Languedoc) he was deprived of his office by the Parlement of Toulouse, and arrests were made of his associates charged with conspiracy against the king.[2]

He became Duke of Montmorency on his brother's death in 1579.

As a leader of the party called the Politiques he took a prominent part in the French Wars of Religion. In 1593 he was made constable of France, but Henry IV showed some anxiety to keep him away from Languedoc, which he ruled like a sovereign prince.


With his first wife, Antoinette de La Marck (1542-1591), daughter of Robert IV de La Marck, he had two daughters:

With his second wife, Louise de Budos (1575-1598), he had two children:


  1. Davies, Joan; Oxford University Press (September 2000). "The Secretariat of Henri I, Duc de Montmorency, 1563-1614". The English Historical Review. 115 (463): 812–842. doi:10.1093/ehr/115.463.812. JSTOR 580680.
  2. Joan Davies (March 1979). "Persecution and Protestantism: Toulouse, 1562-1575". The Historical Journal Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 31–51.
Henri I de Montmorency
Born: 16 June 1534 Died: 2 April 1614
Preceded by
Duc de Montmorency
Succeeded by
Henri II
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