Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea
Sir Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea (1628–1689) of Eastwell, Kent, was the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea.
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Winchilsea
|British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire|
|Preceded by||Sir Thomas Bendish|
|Succeeded by||Sir Daniel Harvey|
|Died||1689 (aged 60–61)|
|Children||at least 16, including |
|Education||Queens' College, Cambridge|
Finch was the son of Thomas Finch, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, and the grandson of Elizabeth Finch, 1st Countess of Winchilsea. His first cousin was Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham. He married four times and was the father of at least 16 children. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge. "His contemporaries called him 'amorous', and in Turkey he was reputed to have 'had many women' and 'built little houses for them'. "
On his return from Ottoman territory in June 1668, King Charles II remarked to Finch, "My Lord, you have not only built a town, but peopled it too". Winchilsea, in an obvious reference to Charles' own brood of natural children, replied that after all, he was the King's representative.
Lord Finch was appointed by his friend George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle a Governor of Dover Castle, and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the July 1660, also Lord Lieutenant of Kent and afterwards ambassador to the Ottoman Empire and served in this capacity from between 1668 and 1672
Samuel Pepys first referred to him as the Lord Winchilsea.
King Charles II had landed at Kent on his way to London to secure the throne on 25 May 1660. The King arrived in Dover with 20 ships and frigates, the Lord General and his life guard was accompanied by the Earl of Winchelsea to the cheer of the crowding locals gathered upon the beach to witness a salute fired from the guns of Dover Castle.
Marriages and children
He married his first wife Diana, daughter of Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham and Elizabeth Cecil, on 21 May 1645.
His married his second wife Mary Seymour (1637 – 10 April 1673) the daughter of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Lady Frances Devereux, about 1650. Their children were:
- William Finch (born before 1654, later died in battle at sea, bore the courtesy title of the Lord Maidstone; his son, Charles Finch, 4th Earl of Winchilsea, succeeded him);
- Frances (who wed Thomas Thynne, 1st Viscount Weymouth; Finch's grandson Henry Thynne (1675–1708) was the son of his daughter Frances);
- Heneage Finch, 5th Earl of Winchilsea (born 11 January 1657, married to Anne, the daughter of Sir William Kingsmill.);
- Thomas (born in 1658, before the family went to the Ottoman Empire).
He married thirdly, Catherine Norcliffe, daughter of Sir Thomas Norcliffe, on 10 April 1673.
He married his fourth wife Elizabeth Ayres on 29 October 1681. She was the mother of John Finch, 6th Earl of Winchilsea, who died unmarried and without issue.
- Note the difference in spelling from the modern place name, Winchelsea
- Burkes' Peerage (1939).
- The Earls of Winchilsea
- A True and Exact Relation of the Late Prodigious Earthquake & eruption of Mount Aetna, or Monte-Gibello – full digital facsimile at Linda Hall Library
Sir Thomas Bendish, 2nd Baronet
| British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
Sir Daniel Harvey
|English Interregnum|| Lord Lieutenant of Kent
jointly with The Earl of Southampton 1662–1667
The Duke of Richmond 1668–1672
The Lord Teynham
| Custos Rotulorum of Kent|
The Duke of Richmond
| Vice-Admiral of Kent|
| Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
The Duke of York and Albany
The Duke of Somerset
| Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
The Duke of Somerset
The Earl of Feversham
| Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Kent
The Viscount Sydney
|Peerage of England|
| Earl of Winchilsea
| Viscount Maidstone|
|New title|| Baron FitzHerbert|
|Baronetage of England|
(of Eastwell, Kent)