Helston (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||1298–1832: Two|
Using the bloc vote system of election, it returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of England until 1707, then to House of Commons of Great Britain until 1800, and to House of Commons of the United Kingdom until the 1832 general election.
The Reform Act 1832 reduced its representation to one member, elected by the first-past-the-post system. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, it was abolished with effect from the 1885 general election.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1298)
|Parliament||First member||Second member|
|1298||R de Rosemayn||I de Kellyhellan|
|1325||David De Autrenon|
|1351/52||Johannes De Tremayn|
|Parliament of 1386||Roger Trewythenick||John Urban|
|First Parliament of 1388 (Feb)||Thomas Tregadereth||Roger Trewythenick|
|Second Parliament of 1388 (Sep)||Thomas Bray||John Symon|
|First Parliament of 1390 (Jan)||Roger Trewythenick||John Urban|
|Second Parliament of 1390 (Nov)||?||?|
|Parliament of 1391||Roger Trewythenick||William Glasen|
|Parliament of 1393||John Trereise||Michael Trereise|
|Parliament of 1394||?||?|
|Parliament of 1395||Roger Trewythenick||Roger Skewys|
|First Parliament of 1397 (Jan)||Thomas Beville||John Urban|
|Second Parliament of 1397 (Sep)||John Pengersick||John Skewys|
|Parliament of 1399||Roger Trewythenick||John Pengersick|
|Parliament of 1401||?||?|
|Parliament of 1402||Roger Trewythenick||John Masselegh|
|First Parliament of 1404 (Jan)|
|Second Parliament of 1404 (Oct)|
|Parliament of 1406||Walter Badrygy||William Penalewy|
|Parliament of 1407||John Pengersick||Matthew Skewys|
|Parliament of 1410|
|Parliament of 1411||John Glasen||Thomas Pellour|
|First Parliament of 1413 (Feb)|
|Second Parliament of 1413 (May)||Thomas Treffidowe||Thomas Polglas|
|First Parliament of 1414 (Apr)|
|Second Parliament of 1414 (Nov)||John Clink||John Baker|
|Parliament of 1415 or 1416 (Mar)||John Glasen||Robert Treage|
|Parliament of 1416 (Oct)|
|Parliament of 1417||John Glasen||Thomas Gurtaboys|
|Parliament of 1419||Robert Treage||John Cork|
|Parliament of 1420||William Richard||William Trethake II|
|First Parliament of 1421 (May)||Thomas Carathyn||John Treffridowe|
|Second Parliament of 1421 (Dec)||William Penpons||Adam Vivian|
|Parliament of 1529||Edmund Smith||John Holdiche|
|Parliament of 1542||William Trewynnard||?|
|Parliament of 1545||John Arundell||Richard Heywood|
|Parliament of 1547||Thomas Mildmay||John Trengove|
|First Parliament of 1553 (Mar)||Thomas Mildmay||Robert Docatt|
|Second Parliament of 1553 (Oct)||William Bendlowes||Henry Trengove alias Nance|
|First Parliament of 1554 (Apr)||William St Aubyn||John Kyme|
|Second Parliament of 1554 (Nov)||Reginald Mohun||William St Aubin|
|Parliament of 1555||Thomas Mildmay||Edward Neville|
|Parliament of 1558||Peter Martyn|
|Parliament of 1559||John Trendeneck||Francis Goldsmith|
|Parliament of 1562–1567||William Porter||John Dudley|
|Parliament of 1571||Sir Edward Bray||John Gayer|
|Parliament of 1572–1581||William Killigrew||John Vivian (died c.1578)|
|Parliament of 1584–1585||Humphrey Prideaux||William Lewis|
|Parliament of 1586–1587||Hannibal Vyvyan||William Godolphin|
|Parliament of 1588–1589||William Buggin||Christopher Osborne|
|Parliament of 1593||William Gardiner||Ralph Knevitt|
|Parliament of 1597–1598||William Cooke||Nicholas Saunders|
|Parliament of 1601||William Twysden||Hannibal Vyvyan|
|Parliament of 1604–1611||Sir John Leigh||John Bogans (died)|
Robert Naunton (from 1606)
|Addled Parliament (1614)||Sir Robert Killigrew||Henry Bulstrode|
|Parliament of 1621–1622||Sir Thomas Stafford||William Noy|
|Happy Parliament (1624–1625)||Thomas Carey||Francis Carew|
|Useless Parliament (1625)|
|Parliament of 1625–1626||Francis Godolphin|
|Parliament of 1628–1629||Sidney Godolphin||William Noy|
|No Parliament summoned 1629–1640|
|1832||Representation reduced to one member|
|1835||Lord James Townshend||Conservative|
|1840 by-election||John Basset||Conservative|
|1841||Sir Richard Vyvyan, Bt||Conservative|
|1859||John Jope Rogers||Conservative|
|1865||Adolphus William Young||Liberal|
|1866 by-election||Robert Campbell||Liberal|
|Sir William Brett||Conservative|
|1868||Adolphus William Young||Liberal|
|1880||William Molesworth-St Aubyn||Conservative|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||William Molesworth-St Aubyn||466||52.1||+5.1|
|Liberal||Adolphus William Young||429||47.9||−5.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.1|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||Adolphus William Young||473||53.0||−3.9|
|Conservative||William Nassau Lees||420||47.0||+3.9|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||Adolphus William Young||494||56.9||+5.2|
|Conservative||Thomas Charles Bruce||374||43.1||−5.2|
|Conservative gain from Liberal|
- Caused by Brett's appointment as Solicitor General for England and Wales
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+1.9|
- Caused by the 1865 election being declared void on petition, due to bribery. At the original count for the by-election, both candidates received 153 votes apiece, but Campbell was declared elected after the Returning officer (who was the father of his election agent) cast a vote for him, after consulting a legal textbook which suggested he could make the casting vote. A petition was lodged, and a committee decided the returning officer had no right to cast the vote and should have declared both candidates elected. However, on scrutiny one vote was taken from Campbell's total, leaving Brett elected alone. This election led to Parliament deciding that "according to the law and usage of Parliament, it is the duty of the sheriff or other returning officer in England, in the case of an equal number of votes being polled for two or more candidates at an election, to return all such candidates".
|Liberal||Adolphus William Young||154||51.7||+6.9|
|Conservative||Shadwell Morley Grylls||144||48.3||−6.9|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.9|
Elections in the 1850s
|Conservative||John Jope Rogers||158||55.2||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1840s
|Whig||William Revell Vigors||133||45.5|
- Also member for Bodmin
- "No. 19008". The London Gazette. 28 December 1832. p. 2836.
- Toy, Henry, Spencer (1912). The Ancient Borough of Helston. Helston: John Lander & Son. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- Tremayne, Joy; Chapple, Mandy. Tremayne Family History. p. 4.
- "HAMELY (HAMYLYN), Sir John (aft.1324-1399), of Wimborne St. Giles, Dorset". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "BODRUGAN, William I, of Markwell in St. Erney, Cornw. | History of Parliament Online".
- Styled Viscount Rialton from 1706. He was re-elected for Helston in 1708, but had also been elected for Oxfordshire, which he chose to represent, and did not sit again for Helston
- Granville was also elected for Cornwall, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Pontefract
- Campion was also elected for Sussex, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Helston
- Coxe was also elected for Gloucester, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Helston
- Succeeded to a baronetcy, 1763
- Major-General from 1770
- On petition, Carmarthen and Owen were adjudged not to have been duly elected, and their opponents, Cust and Yorke, were declared to have been duly elected instead
- Dean was elected at a disputed election where the returning officer made a double return. Although eventually adjudged to have been duly elected, he never sat as he had died before the case was heard.
- Sir Stephen Lushington from 1791
- Speaker from 1802
- Vansittart was also elected for Old Sarum, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Helston
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 39–41. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- "Truro". Royal Cornwall Gazette. 3 April 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Marchant, E. C. (1897). "Rogers, John (1778–1856), divine, by E. C. Marchant". Dictionary of National Biography Vol. IL. Smith, Elder & Co. Retrieved 13 December 2007.
- At the Helston by-election, 1866, both candidates polled exactly the same number of votes. The mayor, as returning officer, gave his casting vote for the Liberal candidate Robert Campbell. As this vote was given after four o'clock, however, an appeal was lodged, and the House of Commons declared that the returning officer had no right to a casting vote, and that he should have returned the names of both tied candidates. On scrutiny of the votes, one vote was struck off Campbell's total, and the Conservative candidate Sir William Baliol Brett declared duly elected.
- "Helston". The Cornishman (91). 8 April 1880. p. 5.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 148–149. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Colonel Lees Before the Helston Electors". Western Morning News. 30 January 1874. p. 6. Retrieved 31 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Representation of Helston". Royal Cornwall Gazette. 27 August 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 17 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Helston". The Scotsman. 19 April 1866. p. 2. Retrieved 17 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Elections". Western Courier, West of England Conservative, Plymouth and Devonport Advertiser. 7 July 1841. p. 1. Retrieved 6 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- The History of Parliament Trust, Helston, Borough from 1386 to 1868
- Beatson, Robert (1807), A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament, London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803, London: Thomas Hansard, 1808, archived from the original on 4 September 2015
- F W S Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885" (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988)
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. p. 1
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)