Heinrich Brunn (23 January 1822, Wörlitz – 23 July 1894, Josephstal near Schliersee, Upper Bavaria) was a German archaeologist. He was known for taking a scientific approach in his investigations of classical Greek and Roman art, being credited with introducing the method of determining the date and source of sculptural fragments by way of thorough analysis of the account of anatomic detail.
Brunn studied archaeology and philology at the University of Bonn, where he was influenced by the teachings of Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker (1784-1868) and Friedrich Ritschl (1806-1876). In 1843 he received his doctorate degree with the work Artificum liberae Graeciae tempora, afterwards moving to Rome, where for several years he was associated with the German Archaeological Institute (DAI).
In 1853, he received an appointment at Bonn, but within a few years, returned to Rome as second secretary of the DAI, serving under Wilhelm Henzen (1816-1887). In 1865 he was chosen inaugural professor for archaeology at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich. Among his pupils were Gustav Körte, Adolf Furtwängler, Heinrich Wölfflin, Julius Langbehn, Paul Arndt, Walther Amelung, Arthur Milchhöfer and Heinrich Bulle.
From 1865 up until his death in 1894, he was director of the Glyptothek in Munich, publishing in 1868, a guide to the museum, called Beschreibung der Glyptothek König Ludwig's I. zu München. For a number of years, he collected artwork for the Glyptothek, being instrumental in making the museum an important center for the study of classical sculpture. Brunn's impressive collection of casts at the Glyptothek was destroyed during World War II (1944).
He was co-founder of Denkmäler griechischer und römischer Skulptur in historischer Anordung (1888), and was author of Geischichte der griechischen Künstler, a publication that helped establish a chronology of ancient Greek art history. His collection of smaller works, Heinrich Brunn's kleine Schriften gesammelt (1898–1906), was published in three volumes after his death.
He was ennobled, becoming Heinrich von Brunn, by the Bavarian Government in 1882.
- A Biographical Dictionary of Historic Scholars, Museum Professionals and Academic Historians of Art (biography of Brunn).
- HathiTrust Digital Library Heinrich Brunn's kleine Schriften
- Parts of this article are based on translated text from an equivalent article at the Deutsche Wikipedia: Heinrich Brunn.