Heinkel HE 8
The Heinkel HE 8 was a reconnaissance floatplane built in Germany in the late 1920s. It was developed at the request of the Danish Navy, which had noted the success of the HE 5 in Swedish service, and wished to purchase a similar aircraft as well as licensed production as the Orlogsvaerftet HM.II. Apart from its new Armstrong Siddeley engine, the HE 8 also differed from the HE 5 and previous members of the HE 1 family in having a conventional empennage. 22 aircraft were operated until the German invasion in 1940, after which one example was impressed into Luftwaffe service and the remainder placed in storage.
|HE 8, HE 31 and HM.II|
|Orlogsvaerftet HM.II of the Royal Danish Navy|
|Primary user||Danish Navy|
A single HE 8 was built with a Packard 3A-2500 engine and designated HE 31.
- Crew: 3
- Length: 11.65 m (38 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 16.8 m (55 ft 1 in)
- Height: 4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 45 m2 (480 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 1,675 kg (3,693 lb)
- Gross weight: 2,650 kg (5,842 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar 14-cylinder two-row air-cooled geared radial piston engine, 320 kW (430 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch metal propeller
- Maximum speed: 212 km/h (132 mph, 114 kn)
- Range: 1,290 km (800 mi, 700 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 5,600 m (18,400 ft)
- Rate of climb: 2.8 m/s (550 ft/min)
- Time to altitude: 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in 3 minutes 12 seconds: 5,000 m (16,000 ft) in 28 minutes'
- Wing loading: 61.8 kg/m2 (12.7 lb/sq ft)
- Power/mass: 14.2 lb/hp (8.6 kg/kW)
- Guns: 1 × fixed, forward-firing 8 mm (0.315 in) Madsen machine gun, 1 × trainable, rearward-firing 8 mm (0.315 in) Madsen machine gun
- Bombs: 12 × 0.5 kg (1.1 lb) bombs
- Grey, C.G., ed. (1931). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1931. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 97c.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heinkel HE 8.|
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 498.