Hedmark

Hedmark ([ˇheːdmɑrk] (listen)) is until January 1. 2020 a county in Norway, bordering Trøndelag to the north, Oppland to the west and Akershus to the south. The county administration is in Hamar.

Hedmark fylke
Atnsjøen and Rondane in June 2009

Flag

Coat of arms
Hedmark within Norway
CountryNorway
CountyHedmark
RegionØstlandet
County IDNO-04
Administrative centreHamar
Government
  GovernorSigbjørn Johnsen
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (1997-2009present)
  County mayorArnfinn Nergård
  Senterpartiet
  (2007present)
Area
  Total27,397 km2 (10,578 sq mi)
  Land26,084 km2 (10,071 sq mi)
Area rank#4 in Norway, 8.57% of Norway's land area
Population
 (30 September 2019)
  Total197,831
  Rank11 (3.72% of country)
  Density7.5/km2 (19/sq mi)
  Change (10 years)
4.05 %
Demonym(s)Hedmarking
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02 (CEST)
Official language formNeutral
Income (per capita)132,200 NOK
GDP (per capita)204,205 NOK (2001)
GDP national rank11 (2.52% of country)
Websitewww.hedmark.org
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951173,167    
1961177,324+2.4%
1971179,204+1.1%
1981187,223+4.5%
1991187,314+0.0%
2001187,999+0.4%
2011191,622+1.9%
2021?204,065+6.5%
2031?216,105+5.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.[1]
Religion in Hedmark[2][3]
religion percent
Christianity
89.10%
Islam
0.75%
Buddhism
0.18%
Other
9.97%

Hedmark and Oppland counties will merge into Innlandet county on January 1. 2020, when Norway's former 19 counties becomes 10 bigger counties / regions

Hedmark makes up the northeastern part of Østlandet, the southeastern part of the country. It has a long border with Sweden to the east (Dalarna County and Värmland County). The largest lakes are Femunden and Mjøsa, the largest lake in Norway. Parts of Glomma, Norway's longest river, flow through Hedmark. Geographically,

Hedmark is traditionally divided into: Hedemarken (east of the lake Mjøsa), Østerdalen ("East Valley" north of the town Elverum), and Solør / Glåmdalen (south of Elverum) and Odal in the very south. Hedmark and Oppland are the only Norwegian counties with no coastline. Hedmark also hosted some events of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games.

Hamar, Kongsvinger, Elverum and Tynset are cities in the county. Hedmark is one of the less urbanized areas in Norway; about half of the inhabitants live on rural land. The population is mainly concentrated in the rich agricultural district adjoining Mjøsa to the southeast. The county's extensive forests supply much of Norway's timber; at one time, logs were floated down Glomma to the coast but are now transported by truck and train.

The Hedmark municipality of Engerdal has the distinction of marking the current southernmost border in Norway of Sápmi, the traditional region of the Sami people.

The county is divided into three traditional districts. These are Hedmarken, Østerdalen and Solør (with Odalen and Vinger).

Hedmark was originally a part of the large Akershus amt, but in 1757 Oplandenes amt was separated from it. Some years later, in 1781, this was divided into Kristians amt (now Oppland) and Hedemarkens amt. Until 1919, the county was called Hedemarkens amt.

Etymology

The Old Norse form of the name was Heiðmǫrk. The first element is heiðnir, the name of an old Germanic tribe and is related to the word heið, which means moorland. The last element is mǫrk 'woodland, borderland, march'. (See also Telemark and Finnmark.)[4]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from modern times (1987). It shows three barkespader (adzes used to remove bark from timber logs).

Politics

Every four years the inhabitants of Hedmark elect 33 representatives to Hedmark Fylkesting, the Hedmark County Assembly. After the elections of September 2007 the majority of the seats of the assembly were held by a three-party coalition consisting of the Labour Party (14 seats), the Centre Party (5 seats) and the Socialist Left Party (2 seats). Eight parties are represented in the assembly, the remaining 5 being the Progress Party (4 seats), the Conservative Party (4), the Liberal Party (2), the Christian Democratic Party (1) and the Pensioners Party (1). The assembly is headed by the county mayor (Norwegian: Fylkesordfører). As of the 2007 elections the county mayor is Arnfinn Nergård. He represents the Centre Party. In 2003 a parliamentary system was established, which means that the county assembly elects a political administration or council to hold executive power. This county council reflects the majority of the county assembly and includes the three parties holding the majority of the assembly seats, i.e., the Labour Party, the Center Party and the Socialist Left Party. The council is led by Siv Tørudbakken, a member of the Labour Party.

Municipalities

Rank Name Inhabitants Area km²
1 Ringsaker 34,151 1,125
2 Hamar 30,930 339
3 Elverum 21,123 1,221
4 Stange 20,646 642
5 Kongsvinger 17,934 965
6 Sør-Odal 7,884 487
7 Løten 7,615 363
8 Åsnes 7,279 1,015
9 Trysil 6,567 2,957
10 Eidskog 6,142 604
11 Tynset 5,605 1,831
12 Nord-Odal 5,097 476
13 Grue 4,740 787
14 Åmot 4,480 1,306
15 Våler 3,680 685
16 Stor-Elvdal 2,490 2,144
17 Alvdal 2,424 927
18 Os 1,936 1,013
19 Rendalen 1,827 3,073
20 Folldal 1,569 1,266
21 Tolga 1,553 1,101
22 Engerdal 1,294 1,921
Total Hedmark 196,966 27,388
Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Hedmark by country of origin in 2017
[5]
NationalityPopulation (2017)
 Poland2,204
 Sweden1,421
 Somalia1,125
 Lithuania1,119
 Eritrea948
 Germany746
 Iraq721
 Thailand694
 Afghanistan620
 Syria608
 Denmark605
 Vietnam572
 Bosnia-Herzegovina539
 Iran503
 Netherlands418
 Russia418
 Kosovo416
 Philippines369

Districts

Cities

Parishes

  • Alvdal
  • Austmarka (Østmark)
  • Brandval
  • Brøttum
  • Deset
  • Drevsjø (Drevsjøhytte)
  • Eidskog
  • Elverum
  • Engerdal
  • Finnskog
  • Folldal
  • Furnes
  • Gjesås
  • Grue
  • Hamar
  • Helgøy Kapell
  • Hof
  • Innset
  • Kongsvinger
  • Kvikne
  • Lundersæter
  • Løten
  • Mo
  • Nes
  • Nord-Odal
  • Nordre-Osen
  • Opstad
  • Os (Dalsbygda)
  • Ottestad
  • Rendal
  • Rendalen
  • Revholt
  • Ringsaker
  • Romedal
  • Sand
  • Sollia
  • Stange
  • Stavsjø (Ballishol)
  • Stor Elvdal
  • Strand
  • Strøm
  • Sør-Odal
  • Sør Osen
  • Tangen
  • Tolga
  • Trysil
  • Tylldal
  • Tynset
  • Ulleren
  • Vallset (Tomter)
  • Vang
  • Veldre
  • Vestmarka
  • Vingelen
  • Vinger
  • Våler
  • Ytre Rendal
  • Øvre Engerdal
  • Øvre Rendal
  • Åmot
  • Åsnes
  • Odalen Branch (LDS, 1857-1873)
  • Trysil Frimenighet, (1859-1891)

Villages

Former Municipalities

References

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