Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Gateshead and to the south of Walker. The population of Hebburn was 18,808 in 2001, reducing to 16,492 at the 2011 Census for the 2 Hebburn Wards (North & South). Historically part of County Durham, in 1974 it became part of the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear.
|Population||16,492 (2011. South Tyneside Wards)|
|OS grid reference||NZ318645|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Tyne and Wear|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
It is thought that the name Hebburn may be derived from the Old English terms, heah meaning "high", and byrgen meaning a "burial mound", though it could also mean the high place beside the water. The first record of Hebburn mentions a settlement of fishermen's huts in the 8th century, which were burned by the Vikings.
In the 14th century the landscape was dominated by a peel tower. A 4-foot-6-inch-tall (137-centimetre) wall, a portion of which still remains at St. John's Church, could also be seen. The Lordship of the Manor of Hebburn passed through the hands of a number of families during the Middle Ages, including the Hodgsons of Hebburn (James 1974, Hodgson).
Coal was mined at Hebburn as early as the 17th century. Hebburn Colliery opened in 1792 and eventually operated three pits. It closed in 1932. 200 miners were killed during the life of the colliery. The youngest were 10 years old. Hebburn Colliery played an important role in the investigations into the development of mine safety, following the mining disaster at Felling Colliery in 1812. Humphry Davy stayed with Cuthbert Ellison at Hebburn Hall in 1815 and took samples of the explosive methane 'fire damp' gas from the Hebburn mine which were taken to London in wine bottles for experiments into the development of a miners' safety lamp. Davy's lamps were tested in the Hebburn mine and remarkably the gauze that protected the naked flames could actually absorb the fire damp so that the lamps could shine more effectively.
Hebburn also hosted its own Highland Games, with the first one being held in 1883, which were usually held annually in July or August, spanning over three decades and with professional sportsmen coming from Scotland and as far as Oban to compete.
In 1936 Monkton Coke Works was built by the Government, in response to the Jarrow Hunger March in 1932. The plant closed in 1990, and was demolished in 1992.
Hebburn also has a proud shipbuilding history with many Royal Navy battle ships being built at A. Leslie and Company. The most best known ship built at the ship yard was HMS Kelly, launched in 1938 and commanded by Lord Louis Mountbatten. One hundred and thirty men were killed when it was sunk and they are remembered in memorials at Hebburn Cemetery, which were erected by surviving members of the crew and workers from Hawthorn Leslie.
The former British Short-Circuit Testing Station in Victoria Road West within the town, owned by A. Reyrolle & Company provided the backdrop for the Gary Numan video "Metal". The facility was demolished in 2011.
The Parachute Regiment 4th Para Reserves have a base in Hebburn.
In 2012, the BBC commissioned a television series Hebburn to be set in the town. It was created and co-written by Jason Cook, who was raised in Hebburn. The first episode was broadcast on 18 October 2012.
Hebburn Town F.C., formed in 1912, and Hebburn Reyrolle F.C. are the town's local non-league football teams. Hebburn Argyle, which existed in the early 1900s, reformed several years ago as a youth club.
A short lived greyhound racing track was opened in 1945. The plans to build the track were passed in September 1944 and it cost £30,000 to construct a venue that could accommodate 6,000 people. The racing was independent (not affiliated to the sports governing body the National Greyhound Racing Club) and was known as a flapping track, which was the nickname given to independent tracks. The track was trading in 1947 but it is not known when it closed.
- Dominic Bruce: RAF officer and later a college principal who in WWII, escaped from Colditz Castle and Schloss Spangenberg
- Arthur Holmes: Geologist
- Professor Brian David Smith: Academic Researcher
- John Steven Watson: English historian
- Professor Paul Younger: Hydrogeologist and Environmental Engineer
- Andrew Leslie: Shipbuilder
- Jason Cook: Comedian, writer of the BBC sitcom Hebburn
- Robert Saint: Composer best known for his musical composition “Gresford”, also known as “The Miners Hymn”.
- Frank Wappat: BBC Radio Presenter and Disc Jockey
- George Armstrong: Football player with Arsenal F.C.
- Chris Basham: Football player with Blackpool F.C., Bolton Wanderers F.C and Sheffield United F.C
- Ian Chipchase: Athlete and Gold medalist at the 1974 Commonwealth Games
- Josef Craig: British Paralympic Swimmer, who won Gold at the 2012 Paralympic Games.
- Johnny Dixon: Football player with Aston Villa F.C.
- Jack English: Football player
- Carl Finnigan: Football player with St Johnstone F.C, Falkirk F.C. and Newcastle United F.C
- Brendan Foster: Athlete and Sports commentator
- Wilfred Milne: Football player
- Ray Wood: Football player with Manchester United F.C.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population DMM - Hebburn Colliery
- "Hebburn south ward population 2011". Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- "Hebburn north ward population2011". Retrieved 6 July 2015.
- Staff (1 January 2012). "Eight interesting facts about Hebburn". Evening Chronicle. Newcastle: chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- "Hebburn Colliery". dmm.org.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- Henderson, Tony (24 June 2016). "From The Cokeys to Spuggies' Bridge: 17 things you'll know if you're from Hebburn". Chronicle. Newcastle: chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- "Demolition of Monkton Cokeworks". southtynesidehistory.co.uk. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
- "Hebburn, Hawthorn Leslie Shipyard - sitelines.newcastle.gov.uk". twsitelines.info. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Morton, David (26 August 2017). "The tragic World War II ship which is forever linked to a Tyneside town". Chronicle. Newcastle: chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
- "Former Reyrolle site set to disappear". shieldsgazette.com. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "1027 (Jarrow) Squadron". 1027sqn.org. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Gibson, Robert (6 May 2016). "20,000 tonne wind turbine installation vessel docks at A&P Group's Tyne yard". Chronicle. Newcastle: chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- Dipper, Andrew (2 September 2012). "Interview: Hebburn creator Jason Cook". Giggle Beats. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Lawson, Ruth. "Jason Cook's pilot show 'Hebburn' commissioned". The Chronicle.
- "Hebburn". BBC.
- "Hebburn Comprehensive School, South Tyneside". hebburn.net. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "History". hebburntownfc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Jarrow and Hebburn AC
- Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File, page 417. Ringpress Books. ISBN 0-948955-15-5.
- "Bickington". Greyhound Racing Times.
- Morton, David (3 September 2015). "The Tyne ferries that have carried thousands of passengers for generations". Chronicle. Newcastle: chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
- Hunt, Philip A. (1988). Biographical Register 1880-1974 Corpus Christi College (University of Oxford). Oxford, England: The College. ISBN 9780951284407.
- Henderson, Tony (24 April 2018). "Internationally-renowned Newcastle University scientist Paul Younger has died". Evening Chronicle. Newcastle: chroniclelive.co.uk. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- "Working Lives". google.co.uk. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Glanville, Brian (2 November 2000). "George Armstrong - Professional footballer who played with courage and generosity". The Guardian. London: theguardian.com. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- "Football mourns death of Geordie", The South Shields Gazette, South Shields, 2 November 2000, retrieved 24 June 2010
James, Mervyn (1974) Family, Lineage, and Civil Society: A Study of Society, Politics, and Mentality in the Durham Region, 1500-1640 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
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