Healthcare in Europe

Healthcare in Europe is provided through a wide range of different systems run at individual national levels. Most European countries have a system of competing private health insurance companies, with government subsidies available for citizens who cannot afford coverage.[1][2] Many European countries (and all European Union countries) offer their citizens a European Health Insurance Card which, on a reciprocal basis, provides insurance for emergency medical treatment insurance when visiting other participating European countries.[3]

European health

The World Health Organization has listed 53 countries as comprising the European region. Health outcomes vary greatly by country. Countries in western Europe have had a significant increase in life expectancy since World War II, while most of eastern European and the formerly Soviet countries have experienced a fall in life expectancy.[4]

Tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of death in Europe. Many countries have passed legislation in the past few decades restricting tobacco sales and use.[4]

European Union

The European Union has no major administrative responsibility in the field of healthcare. The European Commission's Directorate-General for Health and Consumers however seeks to align national laws on the safety of food and other products, on consumers' rights and on the protection of people's health, to form new EU wide laws and thus strengthen its internal markets.

Greece failed to implement EU anti-smoking laws.[5]

Euro Health Consumer Index 2018

Euro Health Consumer Index 2018[6]
CountryOverall rankingTotal scorePatient rights and
information score
Accessibility
(waiting times for
treatment) score
Outcomes
score
Range and reach of
services score
Prevention scorePharmaceuticals score
  Switzerland1893113225278999583
 Netherlands288312517525612511389
 Norway385712513827812011978
 Denmark48551211752671209578
 Belgium584910421324411510172
 Finland683911315027812010178
 Luxembourg78091001882441099572
 Sweden880011711326712510178
 Austria97991081752441048978
 Iceland1079712118822210410756
 France117961041882331048383
 Germany127851041632448310189
 Portugal13754108163222948978
 Czech Republic147311081752111047161
 Estonia15729121188189947761
 United Kingdom1672811710021110911378
 Slovakia17722113188200787767
 Serbia18699108200189578361
 Spain19698961132229410172
 Italy20687921382337310150
 Slovenia2167888125222947772
 Ireland226698375244948983
 Montenegro2366896188189527172
 Croatia24644104125200947150
 North Macedonia25638113163156638361
 Cyprus2663583150200638356
 Malta27631881501561049539
 Lithuania28622104163167737144
 Greece2961567163200528350
 Latvia30605100138178687744
 Bulgaria3159179200167476039
 Poland3258579138167578956
 Hungary3356579113156789544
 Romania3454996175133525439
 Albania3554467175156427133

See also

References

  1. Sanger-Katz, Margot (19 February 2019). "What's the Difference Between a 'Public Option' and 'Medicare for All'?". The New York Times.
  2. Abelson, Reed; Sanger-Katz, Margot (23 March 2019). "Medicare for All Would Abolish Private Insurance. 'There's No Precedent in American History.'". The New York Times.
  3. "European Health Insurance Card". European Commission. Retrieved 23 August 2019. A free card that gives you access to medically necessary, state-provided healthcare during a temporary stay in any of the 28 EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, under the same conditions and at the same cost (free in some countries) as people insured in that country.
  4. Mackenbach, Johan P; Karanikolos, Marina; McKee, Martin (March 2013). "The unequal health of Europeans: successes and failures of policies". The Lancet. 381 (9872): 1125–1134. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)62082-0. PMID 23541053.
  5. "EU anti-smoking laws".
  6. "Euro Health Consumer Index 2018" (PDF). Health Consumer Powerhouse. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
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