Headland Archaeology

Headland Archaeology comprises a holding company Headland Group Ltd[1] and the trading subsidiary Headland Archaeology (UK) Ltd.[2] These companies provide archaeological services and heritage advice to the construction industry.

Headland Group Ltd
Established 1996
Trading names Headland Archaeology (UK) Ltd
Managing Director Tim Holden
Location Edinburgh, Silsoe (Beds.), Leeds, Hereford
Employees c. 150
Web Homepage

Company history

Headland Archaeology Ltd was established in 1996.[3] Headquartered in Edinburgh, this company expanded as a provider of commercial archaeology services in the UK. Expansion into the Irish market led to the establishment of Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd in 2000,[4] in Co. Cork.

Restructuring of the companies in May and June 2008 involved the renaming of Headland Archaeology Ltd as Headland Group Limited. A new company, Headland Archaeology (UK) Limited,[3] was founded at this time to give, in conjunction with Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd, a coherent structure to the group based on trading areas.

The acquisition of Hereford-based Archaeological Investigations Ltd in 2010 [5] expanded their UK operation. Archaeological Investigations Ltd was subsequently assimilated as a regional office of Headland Archaeology (UK) Limited by October of the same year,[6] with the underlying company dissolved in September 2012.[7] The company opened a South East office in 2011, initially in Leighton Buzzard later moving to Silsoe, Beds and a Northern office based in Beeston, Leeds in 2015.

During December 2011 a management buyout of Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd with the Irish company renamed as Rubicon Heritage Services.[8]

The Headland Group was acquired by the RSK Group [9] in March 2019 [10] [11] but continues to successfully trade as Headland Archaeology (UK) Limited.

Registered archaeological organisation

By 2001 Headland Archaeology Ltd had become a Registered Archaeological Organisation[12] with the Institute for Archaeologists given the reference number RAO40. This registration has been continued since this time and was transferred to Headland Archaeology (UK) Limited during the company re-organisation in 2008. The changing Irish operations of Headland Archaeology never fell within this scheme.


The following are a selection of projects that the Headland Archaeology companies have been involved with. Note that some of these projects were delivered by Headland Archaeology (Ireland) Ltd which has now left the group.

Major projects



Archaeological excavations

Environmental archaeology

Heritage management

Historic buildings

Industrial archaeology

Maritime archaeology


  1. Companies House
  2. Headland Archaeology Ltd - balancing culture and commerce,The Archaeologist, Summer 2010, No. 76
  3. http://wck2.companieshouse.gov.uk Accessed 15 October 2012
  4. http://www.cro.ie Accessed 15 October 2012
  5. http://www.herefordshirepartnership.com/documents/Bulletin_-_May_10.pdf Accessed 20 September 2012
  6. http://www.headlandarchaeology.com/news.html Accessed 20 September 2012
  7. http://wck2.companieshouse.gov.uk/9ba416aa1c12dd145121924d8916501f/compdetails Accessed 20 September 2012
  8. http://www.archaeojobs.com/2011/12/headland-ireland-goes-independent-and.html Accessed 20 September 2012
  9. https://www.rsk.co.uk/
  10. https://www.rsk.co.uk/item/1270-ahead-of-the-game-headland-archaeology-joins-forces-with-rsk-group.html
  11. https://www.scotsman.com/business/companies/global-giant-swoops-on-capital-archaeologist-1-4889724
  12. Institute for Field Archaeologists 2001 Yearbook and Directory. Cathedral Communications Ltd
  13. Drew, D, 2011 'The Glasgow I used to know', Henry Ling: Dorset
  14. Holyrood Archaeology Project Team (2008)Scotland's Parliament Site and the Canongate archaeology and history. Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
  15. Carter, S. and F. Hunter (2003), Antiquity 77, pp. 531-535.
  16. Lowe, Chris 2008 Inchmarnock. An Early Historic Island and its archaeological landscape, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
  17. Eogan, J & Twohig, E (2011), Cois tSiuire - nine thousand years of human activity in the lower Suir Valley, NRA Scheme Monographes 8, National Roads Authority: Dublin
  18. Ginnever, Matthew (2017). "An Iron Age settlement and souterrain at Dubton Farm East, Brechin, Angus" (PDF). Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal. 23: 1–12.
  19. Dutton, A., Clapperton, K. and S. Carter (2007). ‘Rock art from a Bronze Age burial at Balblair, near Inverness.’ Proceedings of the Scottish Society of Antiquaries 137, pp. 117-136
  20. B. Wilkins and S. Lalone (2009), 'An early medieval settlement/cemetery at Carrowkeel, Co. Calway.' The Journal of Irish Archaeology, vol. XVII, pp. 57-83.
  21. Dalland, M. (2004) '144-166 Cowgate.' Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 52.
  22. Moloney, C. (1999) 'Doune Primary School, Doune (Kilmadock Parish), Roman Fort, Discovery and Excavation in Scotland p. 87
  23. Moloney, C. (2001) New evidence for the origins and evolution of Dunbar; excavations at the Captain's Cabin, Castle Park, Dunbar, East Lothian, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries in Scotland 131, pp. 283-318
  24. Boucher A, Craddock-Bennett L, & Daly T. 2015 Death in the Close: A medieval Mystery Edinburgh: Headland Archaeology
  25. Baker, L (2000) 'Gasswater Opencast Coal Scheme, Cronberry', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 23
  26. Coleman, R and Hunter, F (2002) "The excavation of a souterrain at Shanzie Farm, Alyth, Perthshire" Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal vol 8 (2002), 77-101.
  27. Stronach, S et al. (2004) The Evolution of a Medieval Scottish Manor at Perceton, Near Irvine, North Ayreshire. J. Soc. Med Arch XLVIII.
  28. Robertson, Alistair; Lochrie, Julie; Timpany, Scott (2013). "Built to last: Mesolithic and Neolithic settlement at two sites beside the Forth estuary, Scotland". The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 143: 73–136.
  29. Timpany, S, 2009 Geoarchaeological Regional Review of Marine Deposits along the coastline of Southern England. English Heritage, Research Department Report Series 4-2009 ISSN 1749-8775
  30. Holden, T G 2002 The food remains from the colon of the Tyrolean Ice Man, in Dobney, K & O’Connor, T (eds.) Bones and the Man: Studies in honour of Don Brothwell. Oxford: Oxbow Books. 35-40
  31. Kimber, M 2012 A Tale of Two Priories in Ewyas. Headland Archaeology (UK) Ltd. Edinburgh
  32. Holden T 2004 The Blackhouses of Arnol. Historic Scotland Research Report. Edinburgh
  33. Holden, T & Brown, I 2008 ‘A Wartime Legacy: Dirleton Radar Station’. Transactions of the East Lothian Antiquarian and Field Naturalists Society. XXVII, 117-130
  34. Holden, T 2003 'Brotchie's Steading (Dunnet parish), iron age and medieval settlement; post-medieval farm', Discovery Excav Scot, 4, 2003, 85-6.
  35. Robertson, A 2012 The rediscovery of ‘Carss Castell’: A medieval hall-house within, Kerse House, Grangemouth. Vernacular Building 36, pp. 41-60
  36. Holden, T G 2012 Moirlanich Longhouse, Killin: Changing techniques in thatching. Vernacular Building 35, 39-47.
  37. "Edinburgh, Granton, 87 Granton Park Avenue, Madelvic Car Factory, Production Block | Canmore".
  38. Cradock-Bennett, L (2007) ‘John Knowles & Co. Mount Pleasant Works, Woodville Woodlands’, Hereford Archaeology Series - Archaeological Investigation and history of the works, ref 757, 969.
  39. Bain, K (2008b) 'Shrub Hill Transport Depot, City of Edinburgh (Edinburgh parish), evaluation', Discovery Excav Scot, New, vol.9
  40. Atkinson, D 2012 Laser Scan Survey and Historic Vessels, The IFA Yearbook Vol 12, pp. 18
  41. Coleman, R (2000), 'Union Canal, Leamington Wharf', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland, p. 57.
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