Hawkes Ocean Technologies

Hawkes Ocean Technologies is a marine engineering firm that specializes in consumer submarines, founded by Graham Hawkes.[1] It is headquartered in San Francisco, US.[2]

Hawkes Remotes

Hawkes Remotes is a subsidiary that builds ROVs (remotely operated vehicles), unmanned robotic submarines.[3]


Hawkes builds the DeepFlight range of submersibles, which uses hydrodynamic forces for diving, instead of ballast.[4] The subs are all-electric.[5] All or some of them have two pairs of wings like an airplane's, one pair front and the other pair rear, shorter than an airplane's and the other way up so they push the submarine down.

DeepFlight submersibles
  • DeepFlight I [6]
DeepFlight I was sponsored by TV firms, and serve as technology testbed for DeepFlight II.[7]
Wet Flight was used in filming of "Dolphins: The Ride"/[9]
DeepFlight II was designed on AutoCAD.[11]
  • DeepFlight Aviator [12]
With an operational depth of 1500ft, the Aviator is the first of its kind positively-buoyant submersible. It relies solely on hydrodynamic forces to dive. It was designed completely on a computer.[13]
The Challenger was designed for Steve Fossett's attempt at the world's deepest point, Challenger Deep.[15]
The SuperFalcon is much more maneuverable than all subs preceding it.[18] Unlike most subs, it does not have a circular pressure hull.[19] The first example was built for Tom Perkins,[20] and launched in 2008.[21] At the time of launch, it was the most advanced personal submarine in the world.[22]
The initial example is called Necker Nymph and run by Virgin Limited Edition.[24][25]
  • DeepFlight Dragon [26]

Other submersibles

  • Deep Rover, a series of 1- and 2-seater subs that relied on conventional ballast systems for diving, designed by Hawkes, built by Deep Ocean Engineering.[27] Some of the 2-seaters were used on the documentary film "Aliens of the Deep".[27][28] This submarine design set the former world solo dive depth record in 1985 at 1000m.[29]
    • Deep Rover I
    • Deep Rover II Deep Rover II was used in the Michael Crichton film "Sphere".[30]
  • Mantis (submersible), a one-man deep sea engineering sub designed by Hawkes, built by OSEL.[27] Mantis was used in the James Bond film "For Your Eyes Only".[28]
  • Wasp (diving suit), an atmospheric diving suit for deep sea engineering designed by Hawkes, built by OSEL.[27]



  1. New Scientist, Volume 187, Issue 2513, Page 30, 2005
  2. The Australian, "Aussies help director dive to bottom of deepest ocean for Avatar 2", John Harlow, 13 September 2010 (accessed 12 September 2010)
  3. CNET News, "Oceans' salvation may lie in exploration", Daniel Terdiman, 15 April 2010 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  4. Forbes, "Submarines For The Super-Rich", Joumana Saad, 2010 May 11 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  5. Reve, http://www.evwind.es/noticias.php?id_not=6921 "The Future of Electric A
  6. DeepFlight, DeepFlight I (accessed 5 September 2010)
  7. Popular Science, "Underwater Airplane", D.S., March 1997, pp.25
  8. DeepFlight, WetFlight (accessed 5 September 2010)
  9. DeepFlight, "Wet Flight" (accessed 2 March 2013)
  10. DeepFlight, DeepFlight II (accessed 5 September 2010)
  11. McGraw-Hill, "Applying AutoCAD 2000", Terry T. Wohlers, 1999, pp.632
  12. DeepFlight, DeepFlight Aviator (accessed 5 September 2010)
  13. Computer Graphics World, "Flying Deep", D. Phillips Mahoney, March 2001, Vol.24, No.3
  14. DeepFlight, DeepFlight Challenger Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine (accessed 5 September 2010)
  15. Composites World, "Deepsea submersible incorporates composite pressure capsule", Sara Black, 31 August 2010 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  16. DeepFlight, DeepFlight SuperFalcon (accessed 5 September 2010)
  17. CNET News, "Steve Fossett's unfinished legacy: Deepest ocean exploration", Daniel Terdiman 3 October 2008 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  18. BBC News, "Underwater 'flying machine' launched", Maggie Shiels, 14 May 2009 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  19. USA Today, "Personal submarine prepares for launch", Marco R. della Cava, 7 July 2008 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  20. New Scientist, "Winged submarine is Ferrari of the depths", 14 May 2009 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  21. Daily Mail (UK), "Water way to travel! Super winged submersible that 'flies' through the ocean unveiled", Claire Bates, 19 May 2009 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  22. Forbes, "Sub Prime", John Sedgwick, 21 April 2008 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  23. DeepFlight, DeepFlight Merlin (accessed 5 September 2010)
  24. Wired.com, "Branson Takes You Flying Underwater", Jason Paur, 3 February 2010 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  25. Popular Mechanics, "Richard Branson Dives Into Personal Submarines With Hawkes", Cassie Rodenberg, 11 March 2010
  26. SYOG: Superyacht Owners Guide, "DeepFlight to introduce revolutionary self-pilot submarine at MYS 2014", 22 September 2014
  27. DeepFlight, Subs (accessed 5 September 2010)
  28. Welcome to ANSYS Advantage!, "Taking Next-Generation Submersibles to New Depths", A. Wright, 2007 (accessed 5 September 2010)
  29. New York Times, "SCIENTIST AT WORK: Graham Hawkes; Racing to the Bottom Of the Deep, Black Sea", William J. Broad, 1993 August 3 (accessed 25 March 2012)
  30. DeepFlight, Sphere (accessed 5 September 2010)
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.