Hawaiian Division

The Hawaiian Division was a division of the United States Army, dedicated to the defense of Hawaii. This division was named rather than numbered, as were the Philippine, Panama Canal and Americal Divisions. It was first activated under the peacetime Square Division Table of Organization and Equipment (TO&E) on February 25, 1921 as the Hawaiian Division using assets of the World War I era 11th Infantry Division. It, the Philippine Division, and the Americal Division were the last three U.S. Army divisions to be named rather than numbered. Joseph E. Kuhn, then in command of Schofield Barracks, oversaw the initial organization and employment of the division.[1][2]

Hawaiian Division
Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active1921–1941
Country United States
Branch United States Army
Garrison/HQSchofield Barracks

The division retained the square division TO&E until 1941, when it was reorganized under a triangular division TO&E, and part of its former organization became the core of the new 24th Infantry Division and 25th Infantry Division.

It included the 21st and 22nd Infantry Brigades, and the 19th, 21st, 27th, and 35th Infantry Regiments.


World War II

The 24th and 25th Infantry Divisions were among the first to see combat in World War II and among the last to stop fighting. The Divisions were on Oahu, with headquarters at Schofield Barracks, when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and suffered minor casualties. Charged with the defense of Oahu and the Hawaiian Islands, they built an elaborate system of coastal defenses before deploying for further combat operations.

Inactivation

The Hawaiian Division was inactivated in October 1941 to provide cadre and units for the 24th and 25th Infantry Divisions. These were triangular divisions with regiments of the Hawaii National Guard providing the third regiment of each division. The 299th Regiment went to the 24th and the 298th Regiment went to the 25th Infantry Division.

Lineage

  • Constituted February 1, 1921 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, Hawaiian Division
  • Activated March 1, 1921 at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii
  • Inactivated October 1, 1941 at Schofield Barracks

Commanders

  • BG Joseph E. Kuhn: March 1, 1921 – December 22, 1921
  • BG John D. Barette: December 22, 1921 – February 1922
  • MG Charles T. Menoher: February 1922 – August 10, 1924
  • BG Thomas H. Slavens: August 10, 1924 – September 16, 1924
  • MG Edward M. Lewis: September 16, 1924 – January 13, 1925
  • BG George Van Horn Moseley: January 13, 1925 – February 1925
  • MG William R. Smith: February 1925 – August 25, 1927
  • BG George Van Horn Moseley: August 25, 1927 – October 1927
  • MG Fox Conner: October 1927 – January 25, 1928
  • BG Paul A. Wolf: January 25, 1928 – April 6, 1928
  • MG Edwin B. Winans: April 6, 1928 – October 25, 1930
  • MG Briant H. Wells: October 25, 1930 – September 1, 1931
  • BG Otho B. Rosenbaum: September 1, 1931 – October 15, 1931
  • MG Albert J. Bowley: October 15, 1931 – April 16, 1934
  • BG James C. Gowen: April 16, 1934 – June 2, 1934
  • MG Halstead Dorey: June 2, 1934 – December 5, 1935
  • BG James C. Gowen: December 5, 1935 – March 11, 1936
  • MG Andrew Moses: March 11, 1936 – July 30, 1937
  • BG Robert C. Foy: July 30, 1937 – October 7, 1937
  • MG Charles D. Herron: October 7, 1937 – March 16, 1938
  • MG James A. Woodruff: March 16, 1938 – March 13, 1939
  • MG William H. Wilson: March 13, 1939 – February 1941
  • BG Daniel I. Sultan: February 1941 – April 25, 1941
  • MG Maxwell Murray: April 25, 1941 – October 1, 1941

See also

References

Sources

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