Hauts-de-France

Hauts-de-France[1] (French pronunciation: [o d(ə) fʁɑ̃s], Dutch: Opper-Frankrijk, meaning "Upper France") is the northernmost region of France, created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014, from a merger of Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardy. Its capital is Lille. The new region came into existence on 1 January 2016, after the regional elections in December 2015.[2] France's Conseil d'État approved Hauts-de-France as the name of the region on 28 September 2016, effective 30 September 2016.[3]

Hauts-de-France
Quay Belu in Amiens

Flag
Country France
PrefectureLille
Departments
Government
  President of the Regional CouncilXavier Bertrand (DVD)
Area
  Total31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi)
Area rank9th
Population
 (2015 est.)
  Total6,009,976
  Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Picards
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-HDF
GDP (PPP) (2016)Ranked 5th
(13th per capita)
Total€176 billion (US$195 billion)
Per capita€29,215 (US$32,363)
NUTS RegionFRE
Websitewww.regionhautsdefrance.fr

With 6,009,976 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2015), and a population of 189 inhabitants/km2, it represents the 3rd most populous region in France and the 2nd most densely populated in metropolitan France after its southern neighbor Île-de-France.

Toponymy

The region's interim name Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie was a hyphenated placename, created by hyphenating the merged regions' namesNord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardiein alphabetical order.[4]

On 14 March 2016, well ahead of the 1 July deadline, the Regional council decided on Hauts-de-France as the region's permanent name.[1][4] The provisional name of the region was retired on 30 September 2016, when the new name of the region, Hauts-de-France, took effect.[3]

Geography

The region covers an area of more than 31,813 km2 (12,283 sq mi). It borders Belgium (Flanders and Wallonia) to the northeast, the North Sea to the north, the English Channel to the west, as well as the French regions of Grand Est to the east-southeast, Île-de-France to the south, and Normandy to the west-southwest. It is connected to the United Kingdom (England) via the Channel Tunnel.

Departments

Hauts-de-France comprises five departments: Aisne, Nord, Oise, Pas-de-Calais, and Somme.

Major communities

  1. Lille (227,560; region prefecture; surrounding area is home to over 1.5 million inhabitants)
  2. Amiens (133,448)
  3. Roubaix (94,713)
  4. Tourcoing (91,923)
  5. Dunkirk (90,995)
  6. Calais (72,589)
  7. Villeneuve-d'Ascq (62,308)
  8. Saint-Quentin (55,978)
  9. Beauvais (54,289)
  10. Valenciennes (42,691)

French sartorial heritage

The region was a pivotal center of mulquinerie.

See also

References

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