Haute-Marne

Haute-Marne (French pronunciation: [ot.maʁn]) is a department in the northeast of France named after the Marne River.

Haute-Marne
Prefecture building of the Haute-Marne department, in Chaumont

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Haute-Marne in France
Coordinates: 48°05′N 05°15′E
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
PrefectureChaumont
SubprefecturesLangres
Saint-Dizier
Government
  President of the General CouncilBruno Sido
Area
  Total6,211 km2 (2,398 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total178,084
  Rank91st
  Density29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number52
Arrondissements3
Cantons17
Communes426
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

History

Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Champagne, Burgundy, Lorraine and Franche-Comté.[1]

In March 1814 the departmental prefecture, Chaumont, was the unwitting witness to the end of the First Empire. On 1 March, Prussia, Russia, the United Kingdom and Austria signed an accord forbidding any individual peace deal with Napoleon I, and to fight until his final defeat.

During World War II, Haute-Marne was partitioned under German occupation. The canal which runs from the Marne to the Saône served as a border, dividing the department into east and west. The east was a "reserved zone", intended for the creation of a new German (Ripuarian) state, whereas to the west would be the traditional "occupied zone". Haute-Marne was finally liberated by the Allies, in the form of the division of General Leclerc, between August and September 1944.

Geography

Haute-Marne is part of the region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the departments of Meuse, Vosges, Haute-Saône, Côte-d'Or, Aube, and Marne.

The highest mountain is Haut-du-Sac, in the Langres Plateau, in the southwest of the department, which rises to a height of 516 m (1,693 feet). The lowest points at 117m are found on the plains of Perthois and Der.[1]

The department is named after the Marne River, whose source is near Langres. This river covers 120 kilometres within the department. The department is to the east of the Parisian basin, and is characterised by a concentric sequence of cliff faces of varying geological origin, oriented northeast/southwest.

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801226,655    
1821268,208+0.85%
1851268,208+0.00%
1861258,311−0.38%
1872251,026−0.26%
1881254,722+0.16%
1891243,322−0.46%
1901226,367−0.72%
1911214,621−0.53%
1921198,777−0.76%
1931189,726−0.46%
1936188,429−0.14%
1946181,792−0.36%
1954197,153+1.02%
1962208,447+0.70%
1968214,304+0.46%
1975212,304−0.13%
1982210,670−0.11%
1990204,067−0.40%
1999194,873−0.51%
2006186,652−0.61%
2011182,375−0.46%
2016178,084−0.48%
source:[2]

Tourism

The Haute-Marne department is not a famous department but this peaceful territory has numerous interesting places to present. Indeed, the department was one of the most powerful in French history thanks to metallurgy economy and was a land of confrontations along history.

Thus, among other examples, the French Wars of Religion (from 1562 to 1598) began with the Massacre of Vassy in the north of the Haute-Marne department. Following this event, open military conflicts across France Kingdom began. The Edict of Nantes is the consequence of this period.

The fortified town of Langres, famous for Denis Diderot author of the Encyclopédie, the Renaissance castle of Joinville, the Lake Der-Chantecoq (one of the biggest artificial lake in Europe), the Cirey-sur-Blaise castle where Voltaire lived for a while in with Émilie du Châtelet and the village of Colombey-les-Deux-Églises where Charles De Gaulle lived until his death are all major attractions.

Haute-Marne is also well known for some famous French great men and women as:

Politics

Charles de Gaulle was a longtime resident of the department, in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, and died there on 9 November 1970, at the age of 79.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember[3]Party
Haute-Marne's 1st constituency Bérangère Abba La République En Marche!
Haute-Marne's 2nd constituency François Cornut-Gentille The Republicans

See also

References

  1. Haute-Marne, Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia. Research Machines plc. September 8, 2005. accessed on October 19, 2006.
  2. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
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