Haudaudine was a French full rigged ship owned by Société Anonyme des Armateurs Nantais. Built by Chantiers de Penhoët in Saint-Nazaire in 1902 and named after Pierre Haudaudine, she ran aground off New Caledonia on 3 January 1905 and sank shortly after the crew had abandoned the ship.[1]

Suomen Joutsen, the sister ship of Haudaudine.
Name: Haudaudine
Namesake: Pierre Haudaudine
Owner: Société Anonyme des Armateurs Nantais
Port of registry: Saint-Nazaire,  France
Builder: Chantiers de Penhoët, Saint-Nazaire, France
Launched: 18 September 1902
In service: 1902–1905
Fate: Foundered off New Caledonia in 1905
General characteristics
Type: Full rigged ship
Length: 96 m (315 ft)
Beam: 12.26 m (40 ft 3 in)
Draft: 6.35 m (20 ft 10 in)
Depth: 7.29 m (23 ft 11 in)
Sail plan:
  • Three masts, all square rigged;
  • sail area 2,807 m2 (30,210 sq ft)
Crew: 25

Haudaudine was the sister ship of Suomen Joutsen, the former school ship of the Finnish Navy, which is today a museum ship in Turku, Finland.[2]


In 1902, the French shipping company Société Anonyme des Armateurs Nantais ordered two 3,100-ton full rigged ships from Chantiers de Penhoët in Saint-Nazaire. The first ship was launched on 7 August 1902 and christened Laënnec after the French doctor René Laennec. She was followed by Haudaudine, which was launched on 18 September 1902 and named after an 18th-century French merchant and politician from Nantes, Pierre Haudaudine.[2]

The steel-hulled Haudaudine was 96 metres (315 ft) long overall, had a beam of 12.26 metres (40 ft 3 in) at midship and drew 6.35 metres (20 ft 10 in) of water when fully laden. Her tonnage was 2,393 register tons gross, 1,734 register tons net and 3,100 tons deadweight. The sail area of the three-masted, full rigged Haudaudine was 2,807 square metres (30,210 sq ft). She had a crew of 25.[2][3]

Final voyage

Haudaudine left Koné, New Caledonia, on 3 January 1905. She had arrived earlier from Yokohama, Japan, in ballast and was loaded for her homeward voyage with 3,042 tons of nickel ore from the Katavite mines bound for Rotterdam, Germany. After having been towed clear of the reefs by tugboat SS St. Pierre, she set sail in a fresh breeze. However, at sunset the wind died out and the strong currents began pushing Haudaudine towards the Contrariété Reef between Cape Goulvain and Porondu Island. Powerless to stop the ship or alter the course, the captain ordered soundings to be taken every few minutes to determine the water depth.[3]

When the bow of Haudaudine collided with the coral reef, the ship swerved around and her stern hit the reef several times, flooding the aft compartments. Within three hours the stern had settled down and the captain gave an order to abandon ship for the crew of 25 and three passengers. After the lifeboats had been launched, Haudaudine heeled to port, capsized and sank on the reef with seven feet of water over the starboard side. The lifeboats reached Port Moneo and Bourail in the following morning.[3][4]

Haudaudine was a total loss and storms eventually broke her up on the reef.[3] Some remains, such as the auxiliary boilers, are still visible on the reef.[5] Her helm has been restored and put on display in the New Caledonia Maritime History Museum.[6]


  1. Shipwreck. Colonist, 5 January 1905. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
  2. Auvinen, Visa (2002). Suomen Joutsen — Onnekas satavuotias. TS-Yhtymä Oy. ISBN 951-9129-48-0.
  3. Wreck of a French Ship. Grey River Argus, 24 February 1905. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
  4. News and notes. The West Australian, 10 February 1905. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
  5. Underwater Cultural Heritage in Oceania. UNESCO, 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  6. Heritage Wrecks. Sportdiving Magazine, October/November 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-10.
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