Haskeir

Haskeir (Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Hasgeir), also known as Great Haskeir (Scottish Gaelic: Hasgeir Mhòr) is a remote, exposed and uninhabited island in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland. It lies 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) west north west of North Uist. 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) to the south west lie the skerries of Haskeir Eagach made up of a colonnade of five rock stacks. 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the north west is the St Kilda archipelago.

Haskeir
Gaelic nameEilean Hasgeir
Norse nameSkilðar
Meaning of namePossibly Old Norse for 'shields'

Haskeir Island as seen from Rubha Ghriminis, North Uist
Location
Haskeir
Haskeir shown within the Outer Hebrides
OS grid referenceNF615818
Coordinates57.8°N 7.8°W / 57.8; -7.8
Physical geography
Island groupUist and Barra
Area15 ha
Highest elevation37.5 m
Administration
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaNa h-Eileanan Siar
Demographics
Populationnil
References[1][2]
Haskeir Lighthouse
Haskeir Lighthouse, and Haskeir Eagach in the distance
LocationHaskeir Isle
Outer Hebrides
Scotland
United Kingdom
Coordinates57.699084°N 7.688555°W / 57.699084; -7.688555
Year first constructed1997
Automated1997
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionfiber glass tower
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Tower height9 metres (30 ft)
Focal height44 metres (144 ft)
Light sourcesolar power
Range29 nautical miles (54 km; 33 mi) [3]
CharacteristicFl W 20s.
Admiralty numberA4020.3
NGA number3954
ARLHS numberSCO-324
Managing agentNorthern Lighthouse Board[4]

Geography, geology and botany

There is no anchorage or shelter and access via the steep rocky cliffs may be difficult, even in calm conditions. There are several natural rock arches and a high cliff on the northern end of the island called Castle Cliff. Various small skerries lie immediately to the north and south. There is very little vegetation save for a few sea-pinks, campion, plantain and orache that can survive the salt spray.[1]

Much of the bedrock is Lewisian gneiss [5]

History

Skilðar or Skilðir (meaning shields) may have been the Old Norse name for Haskeir.[6][7] Skildar certainly appears on a map by Nicholas de Nicolay from 1583. There are various theories that somehow the transposition of this name to nearby St Kilda may have created the name for this latter archipelago, whose origins are otherwise obscure.[8][9]

There is an active lighthouse on the island constructed in 1997 operated by Northern Lighthouse Board and the remains of a bothy, possibly built by fishermen from the Monach Islands.

See also

References

  1. Haswell-Smith, Hamish. (2004) The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh. Canongate.
  2. Ordnance Survey "Get-a-Map"
  3. Haskeir Lighthouse World of Lighthouses. Retrieved 19 May 2016
  4. Haskeir The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 19 May 2016
  5. "The Lewisian Gneiss of North Castle, Haskeir:: OS grid NF6182 :: Geograph Britain and Ireland - photograph every grid square!". Geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
  6. Maclean, Charles (1977) Island on the Edge of the World: the Story of St. Kilda Canongate. ISBN 0-903937-41-7. Page 33.
  7. Fleming, Andrew (2005) St. Kilda and the Wider World: Tales of an Iconic Island. Windgather Press. ISBN 1-905119-00-3. Page 27. Maclean does not state which island caused the confusion, but Fleming equates 'Skilðir' with Haskeir.
  8. Quine, David (2000) St Kilda. Grantown-on-Spey. Colin Baxter Island Guides. ISBN 1-84107-008-4. Page 21. Quine, for example, suggests that Skildar was transcribed in error by Lucas J. Waghenaer in his 1592 charts without the trailing r and with a period after the S, creating S.Kilda. This was in turn assumed to stand for a saint by others, creating the form that has been used for several centuries, St Kilda.
  9. de Nicolay, Nicholas (1583) Vraye & exacte description Hydrographique des costes maritimes d'Escosse & des Isles Orchades Hebrides avec partie d'Angleterre & d'Irlande servant a la navigation. Edinburgh. National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 22 December 2007.

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